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Malu Anemone
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(Heteractis malu) Difficult Aggressive 24" Carnivore Substrate 30 gallons Yes, with caution 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.024-1.026 Calcium, Magnesium, Strontium, Iodine, Trace Elements Green, Blue, Pink, Red, Tan Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific Stichodactylidae Anemones The Malu Anemone (Heteractis malu) is a less common species of Sebae Anemone that is known for its brilliant coloration and short plump tentacles. Healthy specimens will vary in color from tan, green and blue to pink and red coloration. Healthy specimens will readily accept chopped marine based meaty foods, will have mouths that are closed, will be very sticky to the touch and will generally located themselves in the aquarium where they receive strong lighting and moderate water flow. Signs that the Malu Anemone is unhappy or unhealthy include a white or bleached out appearance, avoidance of light, a gaping open mouth, lack of stickiness or a consistent shriveled or closed up appearance. Despite rather strict water quality and lighting requirements, Malu Anemones can thrive in established aquariums with proper lighting and water flow conditions. Overall this species is best suited for advanced hobbyists or intermediate hobbyists with well established aquarium systems. Malu Anemones (Heteractis malu) are fairly demanding both in aquarium conditions and in suitable fish and coral tank mates. They require intense aquarium lighting in order for their hosted zooxanthellae to produce food for the anemone, and they require plenty of indirect water flow in order to remove waste products from the anemone. A healthy Heteractis malu anemone will have a pink, blue or tan coloration; as well as, sticky, plump tentacles. They will turn white in color or exhibit a bleached out appearance when they are lacking proper nutrition or lighting. While they can recover via proper feedings and adequate lighting, their somewhat delicate nature makes this difficult. Malu Anemones do best when housed in established aquariums with stable water conditions and quality intense lighting, and should generally only be kept by advanced or expert hobbyists. Once acclimated in an established aquarium with intense lighting and plenty of laminar water flow, Malu Anemones can be very hardy and long lived. The aggressive nature and large size of adult Malue Anemones can make them difficult to keep in aquarium that are not large enough to provide adequate space between the Malu Anemone and other anemones or corals. At an adult size of approximately 2 feet in diameter and requiring about 12 inches of space between itself and other anemones or corals, a larger aquarium is often required to properly housing them depending on their tank mates. However, if not housed with other anemones or corals, Malu Anemones can be kept in aquariums as small as 24 to 30 gallons. Malu Anemones will host a variety of clownfish species including: Sebae Clowns, Tomato Clownfish, Maroon Clownfish, Percula Clownfish, Ocellaris Clownfish and other species as well. Healthy Malu Anemones have very sticky tentacles that pack a potent sting, which they use to kill small fish and invertebrate species and to defend themselves against neighboring anemones and corals. Care should be taken when keeping this anemone species in small aquariums with fish other than Clownfish and other anemones. In large reef aquariums they can coexist with other fish and coral species if they have room to establish themselves away from other anemones and corals. The Malu Anemone receives nutrition from both the zooxanthellae that it hosts and from meaty foods that it captures with its tentacles. Hobbyists will need to house Malu Anemones under intense lighting consisting of either metal halide lighting or high-end compact fluorescent or LED lighting systems. In addition to the food the hosted zooxanthellae produce for the Anemone, they will also need to be fed pieces of meaty marine foods like chopped fish, shrimp, clams, mussel or other similar marine based meaty foods.
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Long Tentacle Purple Anemone
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(Macrodactyla doreensis) Moderate Semi-aggressive 14" Carnivore Bottom 30 gallons Yes 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.023-1.025 Iodine, Trace elements Purple, White, Tan Indo-Pacific, Western Pacific Actiniidae Anemones The Long Tentacle Purple Anemone is often found within the aquarium hobby under a variety of names including: Long Tentacle Anemone, Corkscrew Anemone, Red Base Anemone and Sand Anemone. In the wild Macrodactyla doreensis is found living in shallow reefs and lagoons, where it buries it's foot into the sandy substrate near rocky formations. By burying it's body into the sand and rubble, the Long Tentacle Purple Anemone leaves only it's tentacles exposed. The long tentacles of the Long Tentacle Purple Anemone are used to sting potential prey and to ward off predatory fish and invertebrates. Burying itself in the sand and exposing only the tentacles allows the anemone to feed on meaty items in the water column, while protecting it's vulnerable body from predators. While the Long Tentacle Purple Anemone will sting most fish or inverts that touch it's tentacles, it will host some species of clownfish like the Amphiprion perideraion, Amphiprion sandaracinos, Amphiprion clarkii, Amphiprion melanopus and similar clownfish species. Long Tentacle Purple Anemone's do best in established reef aquariums or FOWLR aquariums that are larger than 30 gallons and have substantial amounts of live rock and sand. Before placing the Long Tentacle Purple Anemone into the aquarium it is important to remove it from it's shipping container and place it into a container with clean salt water for about 20 to 30 minutes. This will a to allow it to purge mucous built up during transport, so that these toxic chemicals are not introduced into the aquarium environment. Long Tentacle Purple Anemones do best in well established aquariums that have a deep sand bed and plenty of live rock. They will look for a location that has both moderate lighting and water flow to bury their foot into the sand at the base of some live rock. The anemone is looking for a location that will allow them to receive adequate lighting to stimulate the zooxanthellae algae that they host; as well as, allow them filter feeding opportunities from foods floating in the water column during feedings. Corals and sessile invertebrates should not be placed within reach of the Long Tentacle Purple Anemone's tentacles as they will sting and damage anything them come in contact with. Fish and mobile invertebrates will generally avoid the stinging cells (nematocysts) of the anemone, but it is possible for them to become prey for the anemone if they are stung and incapacitated. Should the anemone become highly stressed or damaged from being sucked into a filter return or from being damaged by an aggressive fish species, it should be placed into a quarantine aquarium so that the toxic chemicals that it can release to not foul the main aquarium water. While the anemone is recovering in the quarantine aquarium the water should be partially changed daily to avoid toxins from building up in the water. A healthy anemone will open it's tentacles out and will not appear to be stringy or have stringy looking flesh coming off of itself. Having a clownfish hosting with the anemone in the aquarium will help prevent it from being disturbed by other fish or invertebrate species. The Long Tentacle Purple Anemone receives the bulk of it's nutrition through the photosynthetic symbiotic algae zooxanthellae that is hosted on it's body. It also receives a substantial amount of food from meaty items that it filters from the water column using it's tentacles. This filter feeding occurs multiple times per hour, during which time the anemone will open very wide to capture plankton, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp or other meaty items from the water column. Clownfish hosting with the anemone will bring meaty food items back to the anemone as well, and provide them an alternate food source. The anemone should be offered meaty foods multiple times a week via a pipette feeder or via water currents bringing food items to the anemone during normal aquarium feedings. Brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, chopped fish, mussels or other similar meaty items are ideal meaty foods for supplemental feedings.
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Carpet Anemone
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(Stichodactyla sp.) Difficult Aggressive 30" Omnivore Substrate & Rocks 125 gallons Yes 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements White, Grey, Pink Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Stichodactylidae Anemones The Carpet Anemone lives singularly on or about reefs or soft sand bottoms in the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea. These Anemones can attain a size of up to 2 1/2 feet in diameter. They have short tentacles and a potent sting (harmful to humans) along with brightly colored base and tentacles. These anemones serve as a "host" for many types of Clownfish including Amphiprion ocellaris, A. percula, or Dascyllus trimaculatus. In exchange for protection for the Clownfish, the Clownfish will provide the carnivorous anemone with pieces of food (crumbs) that make up a large part of the Anemones diet. Carpet Anemone requires a tank with strong high quality lighting and good water movement. The aquarium should provide both sandy and rocky locations to provide adequate habitat for this species. The Carpet Anemone may prefer one location more than the other and will move about the tank until it finds the location of its choice. This species has a potent sting and may harm corals and other anemones as it moves about the aquarium. It is not compatible with other Anemones within a 12 inch diameter, so be sure to aquascape the aquarium appropriately (keeping in mind anemones can move around as they please). The addition of a clownfish to the aquarium will immediately help with acclimation of this species providing it with a steady food supply. When healthy, it will be very sticky and will be able to grasp something (or someone) and is very difficult to remove it without damaging it. While a 30 gallon aquarium is considered the minimum aquarium size for this species, it is highly recommended that a larger aquarium be used as this species can become quite large (2 1/2 feet) and requires a good amount of space between itself and other invertebrate or coral species (approx. 12 inches). Once acclimated, Carpet Anemones should be fed a diet of fish, shrimp, and other meaty foods. Along with Iodine, Trace Elements, strong lighting (10,000K, Actinic 03 metal halide or power compacts), strong water flow and excellent water quality. Be careful with this species as this colorful Anemone has a It is one of the few anemones that can cause a severe reaction in humans, so keeping one requires great care in handling. This species is very difficult to keep and should only be attempted by expert marine aquarist, zoo, or marine research institutions.
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Tube Anemone
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(Cerianthus sp.) Moderate Semi-Aggressive 10" Omnivore Substrate & Rocks 30 gallons Yes 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements Green, Purple, Orange Indo-Pacific Cerianthidae Anemones The Tube Anemone or Tube Dwelling Anemone is a pure reef only species or species only aquarium with a non-abrasive substrate. The Tube Anemone is in actuality a distant cousin of the true sea anemone. Tube Anemones create a tube from the nematocysts that have been previously discharged. The coloration of the Tube Anemone can vary greatly between simple tans/browns to vibrant pink, purple or fluorescent greens. While this species has a moderate care level, this is within the confines of a true reef tank or species only aquarium. This species is not well suited for aquariums with aggressive or boisterous fish or invert species. Tube Anemones should be kept ideally in reef aquariums that have a deep sand bed, plenty of live rock and a refugium in order to create enough of a natural food source. Since Tube Anemones are non-photosynthetic, they do not require intense aquarium lighting. Tube Anemones are in fact nocturnal in nature and will take some time to change over to the illuminated hours of the aquarium environment. With time though, this species will begin to open during lights on periods of time. This species should be initially placed on the sand substrate upon introduction to the aquarium, where it will soon locate itself within a bottom rock crevice. Because Tube Anemones are not photosynthetic, they need to be fed regularly when they are fully expanded. Initially this will be during nocturnal hours, but with some patience this species will gradually shift over to lights on feedings. Feed small frozen foods such as brine or mysis shrimp, chopped pieces of fish and zooplankton. A refugium is highly recommended for this species as an excellent source of copepods and other food stuffs beneficial to the Tube Anemone as well as most other reef aquarium inhabitants. The addition of Trace elements to the system will also benefit the Tube Anemone.
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Haitian Reef Anemone
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(Condylactis sp.) Moderate Aggressive 10" Carnivore Substrate & Rocks 30 gallons With caution 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements Brown, Tan, White, Green, Red Western Atlantic Actiniidae Anemones The Haitian Reef Anemone, or Pink-Tip Condy, is found not surprisingly near Haiti. The Haitian Reef Anemone inhabits shallow lagoons and inner reefs, either singularly or in loose groups. Since the Haitian Reef Anemone lives in such shallow tidal areas it is used to bright sunlight, and will require bright lighting in the aquarium environment to simulate its natural habitat (this species will not do well without a high quality lighting system - metal halide or combination power compacts). This species has a red column body, with long tapered pink-tipped tentacles. Haitian Reef Anemones will generally bury their base in the sand or wedge itself between rocks or crevices for protection. Be sure to provide either a sufficient sand base and / or rocks and crevices for the Haitian Reef Anemone to anchor itself in the aquarium. The Haitian Reef Anemone is not recommended for most reef aquariums as it tends to move around a lot and has a deadly sting that can kill other anemones and corals. Also be sure not to keep Red-Leg Hermit Crabs with this species as they are natural predators of the Haitian Reef Anemone. In the aquarium environment be sure to provide the Haitian Reef Anemone with strong lighting (this species should never be purchased without a quality lighting system in place). Haitian Reef Anemones will do well in an aquarium with live rock and most crustaceans and fish species, although an Anemone requires a reef environment, this species is not the best suited for the reef aquarium. The Haitian Reef Anemone moves around the tank frequently and has a sting that can inflict damage or death to other anemones and corals. Do not include its natural predators such as the Red-Leg Hermit Crab. Unlike many anemones, the Haitian Reef Anemone does not have any specific relationship with any clownfish, and it is rare for any type of clownfish or damsel to reside within them. The diet should of the Haitian Reef Anemone should include feedings of fish, mussels, shrimp, or other foods of this type. Iodine and Trace Elements are also beneficial to the overall health of this species.
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Green Carpet Anemone
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(Stichodactyla haddoni) Difficult Aggressive 20" Carnivore Substrate & Rocks 55 gallons Yes 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements Green Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Stichodactylidae Anemones The Green Carpet Anemone can be found living either singularly on the reef or soft bottoms in the Indo-Pacific region and the Red Sea. The Green Carpet Anemone makes an excellent host for many types of Clownfish including Amphiprion ocellaris, A. percula, or Dascyllus trimaculatus. In exchange, the Clownfish will provide the carnivorous anemone with "crumbs" of food that make up a large part of its diet. This species makes and excellent host for clownfish and a beautiful addition to any community fish setup. Keep in mind the adult size of this species when considering the proper size aquarium needed to house it. Also be sure to leave at least 12" between this and other invert or coral species, as it will sting anything near itself. The Green Carpet Anemone requires a large aquarium due to its maximum size of approximately 20" in the aquarium environment. Unlike large fish species, large invertebrate species do not require as large of an aquarium, but it is recommended to provide a tank that is at 18" to 24" from front to back so that the Green Carpet Anemone can fit comfortably. It is important to provide this species with strong lighting and moderate water flow. The aquarium should contain both sandy and rocky locations, as The Green Carpet anemone may prefer either type of location. Once The Green Carpet Anemone gets situated in the aquarium, it will move to a location in the aquarium that will best suit it. The Green Carpet Anemone is not compatible with other invertebrate species, so 12" to 14" should be left as a buffer around this species from any other invert or coral species. This can be especially tricky when first introducing this species, as it will move around while looking for a suitable location to settle in. Green Carpet Anemones benefit greatly from relationships with Clownfish, and it is highly recommended to keep Clownfish with this species. When healthy, Green Carpet Anemones are very sticky, and it is very difficult to convince them to let go of either a rock or hand without damaging it. Be very careful when handling this species. The Green Carpet Anemone should be given time to acclimate itself to the aquarium before supplemental feedings are offered. Once the Green Carpet Anemone has situated itself within the aquarium, it should be fed a diet of chopped fish, shrimp and other meaty foods. Strong lighting is required for this species, and it will also benefit from the addition of iodine and trace elements. Caution this species is Venomous and is one of the few anemones that can cause a severe reaction in humans, so keeping one requires care in handling. It is very difficult to get this species to let go of once it has attached itself to someone without damaging the anemone. Use extreme care when handling this species. This species also requires very high lighting and varied medium water flow.
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Curly-Cue Anemone
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(Bartholomea annulata) Moderate Aggressive 10" Carnivore All 55 gallons Yes 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements Brown, Tan, Yellow, Orange Easteran Atlantic, Mediterranean Aiptasiidae Anemones The Curly-Cue Anemone is also commonly known as the Trumpet Anemone or Rock Anemone. They are found in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic Ocean, in calm shallow areas where they generally live solitary lives. The body is opaque amber with yellowish-white spots, while the tentacles vary from brown to brown/violet as they extend away from the body, and are translucent with spots. The Curly-Cue Anemone has long flowing tentacles, which are usually wrapped with light corkscrew markings. They Curly-Cue Anemone is a good addition for reef tanks where they can find a calm area along the live rock to situate themselves. They will usually stay in one place for long periods of time and do not do much moving. When disturbed the Curly-Cue will rapidly retract its tentacles becoming a very small ball. Be sure to have enough available space for the Curly-Cue Anemone to find a suitable spot that is not too close to any other coral or invertebrate inhabitants. The Curly-Cue Anemone prefers to live singularly in calm shallow water. In the aquarium environment they should be provided with protected areas of the floor where they can live partially hidden in the live rock or aquascaping. They prefer protected crevices or overhangs without direct waterflow. Also be sure that the Curly-Cue Anemone will be able to find a suitable location that is also away from other Anemones or Corals as they will need space between themselves and other species. The Curly-Cue Anemone is a carnivore and will eat most meaty foods including: fish, mussels, crustaceans and shrimp. They should be given high quality frozen meaty preparations or fresh marine shrimp, chopped fish or mussel. The Curly-Cue Anemone will also require supplements to do well in the aquarium environment, including Iodine and trace elements and meaty foods such as frozen brine or mysis shrimp, mussels or pieces of fish. This species will also eat any foods that get by the fish in the aquarium, making them good for keeping the aquarium free of excess and decaying food stuffs.
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Condy Anemone
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(Condylactis gigantea) Moderate Aggressive 6" Carnivore All 30 gallons Yes, With caution 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements Brown, Tan, White, Green, Purple, Pink Western Atlantic Actiniidae Anemones The Condy Anemone is found throughout the Caribbean and Western Atlantic, in shallow lagoons and in or around shallow reefs. The Condy Anemone can be found both singularly or in small dispersed groups. Due to their semi-aggressive nature they are never found tightly clustered together as they would sting anything that is too close to them self. In the wild they can obtain a much larger size than is typically seen in an aquarium environment, upwards of 16" in the wild is common where as in the aquarium a size of approximately 6" is common. This species has many color variations, but they generally tend to be a brown to white base with magenta, purple or green tentacles. The tentacles will occasionally develop a bubble tip appearance. Like many anemones the Condy likes to bury it's base in the sand or rocky crevice for protection. Condy Anemones require very strong lighting and will not do well unless strong lighting is provided. Although the Condy Anemone requires a reef environment, it is not the best tankmate for more sensite reef inhabinants. The Condy Anemone is aggressive towards anything near itself and will sting any other organisms near itself. The Condy Anemone will move around the aquarium and may sting other anemones and corals if it comes in contact with them. The sting is often fatal to other species of anemones and corals. The Condy Anemone does not typically have a relationship with any species of clownfish and is often preyed upon by Red-Legged Hermit Crabs, making this species a difficult fit for the average reef aquarium. The Condy Anemone should be fed multiple weekly feedings every 2 to 3 day a mixture of chopped fish, mussels, shrimp and other meaty foods. The tentacles of the Condy Anemone will appear stringy when inadequate food is provided. Varied medium water flow is required to enable the Condy Anemone to filter foodstuffs from the water column and to remove waste products from the anemone itself.
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Bulb Anemone
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(Entacmaea quadricolor) Moderate Semi-Aggressive Varies" Carnivore Substrate & Rocks 55 gallons Yes 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Iodine, Trace elements Green, Orange, Brown, Tan Indo-Pacific Actiniidae Anemones The appearance of the Bulb Anemone can vary greatly from one individual to the next, depending on water and lighting conditions. Under intense lighting, the tentacles will develop defined bulbs at the tips. The Bulb Anemone is usually found in coral rubble, or in crevices within coral reefs. Its pedal disc is usually attached deep within dead coral, from which it stretches its tentacles to become sweeper tentacles when hungry. That is, the tentacles become elongated to capture food from the water current, then the tentacles shorten and the bubble tips return. These anemones benefit greatly from the symbiotic relationship with a clownfish, as they will provide protection for the clownfish and the clownfish will in turn provide food for the anemone. The Small bulb anemones from Fiji and Tonga are typically colored in shades of brown, tan or maroon with an occasional green specimen. The Medium and Large bulb anemones from Singapore are typically green in color and may have a maroon base. The Bulb Anemone requires strong illumination with live rock, that provides deep holes and crevices, or branch corals placed in the sand. They require an aquarium of at least 30 gallons, as they can grow up to 12" across in the aquarium. These anemones will typically remain compact and will gain defined bulb tips under intense lighting. If the lighting is insufficient, they will expand their bodies to great lengths to make the most of the available light. Bulb Anemones should be kept with a Clownfish for best results. Be sure to place this species carefully within the aquarium as they can sting other anemones as well as corals. They also extend their tentacles at times for feeding and this should also be taken into consideration, so leave plenty space between this and other invertebrate specimens. Bulb Anemones should be fed a diet including chopped fish, shrimp or worms. This is vital if a clownfish is not living in the anemone; however, if a clownfish is present the frequency and amount of food will be much less as the clownfish will provide a food source for the anemone. Keeping this species with a clown fish is highly reccommended. If the tentacles appear stringy, this is most often due to insufficient light or lack of food.
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