Categories
Cabbage Leather Coral
(Sinularia dura) Easy Semi-aggressive Medium to Strong Any Moderate to High Tan, Green, Pink Blue Strontium, Iodine, Trace Elements 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.023-1.025 Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific Alcyoniidae Soft Corals The Cabbage Leather Coral (Sinularia dura) is found widely distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific, where it takes on a variety of shapes and color forms. The most common colors are tan and green; however, Cabbage Corals will also exhibit pink and blue coloration depending on lighting and other tank conditions. Cabbage Leathers are ideally suited for aquarium life as they will readily adapt to a wide variety of tank conditions. This makes the Cabbage Coral perfect for beginning reef hobbyists and for mixed reef tanks that have more aggressive fish species. Larger fish species like Large Angelfish who can be very destructive towards many species of corals containing polyps will not generally bother leather corals like the Cabbage Leather. The flexible nature and hardy disposition of the Cabbage Leather Coral make it well suited for any sized reef aquarium and most community fish aquariums as well. Cabbage Leather Coral can tolerate a wide range of lighting and water flow conditions, which allows for flexible placement within the aquarium. Cabbage Corals will do best with moderate to high lighting and medium water flow; however, they can also tolerate low lighting and water flow conditions as well. Lower light conditions will slow the corals growth rate and can have an affect on the coloration exhibited. Hobbyists should experiment with positioning within the aquarium as the optimum position within the tank will vary depending on lighting and water flow. Cabbage Leather Corals require a rock or hard shell surface on which to grow and encrust. They should be placed at least a couple of inches from neighboring corals in order to avoid causing damage to them. Cabbage Corals will shed their waxy coating from time to time in order to remove detritus buildup, during which time they will appear to shrink up. However, this is a natural occurrence and does not reflect on the overall health of the coral as they will open back up within a few days to a weeks time. In addition to the basic tenants of good reef keeping (clean, stable water parameters), Cabbage Leather Corals will appreciate the addition of trace elements, strontium and iodine which are replenished during partial water changes. As the Cabbage Coral propagates naturally by splitting off a portion of its base and then encrusting or growing onto nearby rocky surfaces, it is very easy to speed this process up within the aquarium via cuttings. By simply cutting off a portion of the coral and placing it on a rocky surface, the Cabbage Leather Corals has the distinction of being one of the easiest coral species to propagate within the marine aquarium environment. Simply use a sharp razor blade or pair of scissors to cut off one or more of the corals heads. The cut head can then be glued to a frag plug or piece of coral rubble using super glue gel or similar product. It is also possible to place cut coral head into a rocky crevice with low water flow and it will attach itself to the rock in a matter of days. Leather corals in general lend themselves well to fragging and are even suitable fragging candidates for beginning reef hobbyists. The symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within the Cabbage Leather Corals body provide the majority of its nutritional needs from the light driven process of photosynthesis. However, the Cabbage Leather Coral will also benefit from additional food such as micro-plankton, baby brine shrimp, or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates, such as marine snow or other plankton based solutions. The addition of strontium, iodine, and other trace elements to the water, will also ensure ongoing good health.
AD Admin
Blue Ridge Coral
(Heliopora coerulea) Easy Peaceful Medium to Strong Middle to High Moderate to High Blue, Tan strontium, iodine, trace elements 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.023-1.025 Indo-Pacific, Coral Sea Helioporidae Soft Corals The Blue Ridge Coral (Heliopora coerulea) is found throughout a wide area ranging from the Indo-Pacific to Australian and north to the Coral Sea and southwest Japan. This wide distribution is somewhat indicative of the resilience of this coral, which has made it well suited for the aquarium hobby. Blue Ridge Coral do so well within the aquarium environment that they are often produced via aquaculture. The overall hardiness of the Blue Ridge Coral makes it suitable for hobbyists new to reef aquariums and also allows it to be reproduced within the hobby, which lessens the need to collect it from the wild. While it looks like an SPS coral, the Blue Ridge Coral is actually soft coral that produces an aragonite based skeleton in which its polyps live. The polyps are inter-connected with a thin layer of fleshy tissue, which covers the entire surface of the coral. The coral grows in a variety of growth forms including branching, encrusting, plate and tubular forms. The coloration of the Blue Ridge Coral can also vary depending on the polyp extension and the body shape of the coral, with branching and encrusting often exhibiting more blue coloration than tubular formations. Both the corals multiple forms and varied coloration can make it somewhat difficult to identify this species at first glance. Blue Ridge Corals allow beginning reef hobbyists or hobbyists with only moderately lit aquariums to have a SPS-like coral without the more strict lighting and nutrient level requirements of SPS corals. Overall the Blue Ridge Coral is an excellent aquarium specimen that combines brilliant blue coloration, moderate lighting & water flow requirements along with an excellent track record of doing very well within the aquarium environment. Despite resembling a SPS coral the Blue Ridge Coral does not have the same environmental requirements as the more demanding SPS hard corals. Blue Ridge Corals will do well with moderate to high lighting, which can be provided by either LED, high-end fluorescent or metal halide lighting systems. It should be placed in a middle to high location within the aquarium where it will receive at least moderate indirect water flow. Proper water flow is important because it allows the coral to supplement its nutrition by filter feeding small organisms from the water column. Blue Ridge Corals are considered a peaceful coral as they do not have sweeper tentacles that can sting nearby corals. This allows hobbyists the flexibility of positioning the coral closer to other peaceful corals. In general terms the Blue Ridge Coral should be housed in reef aquariums that in terms of lighting and water quality fall somewhere in between the average soft coral and SPS hard coral aquarium environments. The Blue Ridge Coral contain the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae, which is hosted within the corals body. This symbiotic algae provides the majority of the corals nutritional needs from the light driven process of photosynthesis. However, the Blue Ridge Coral should also be positioned where water currents will allow it to also be able to obtain additional food from micro-organisms within the water column. Good filter feeding foods include micro-plankton, baby brine shrimp, or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates, such as marine snow or other plankton based solutions. The addition of strontium, iodine, and other trace elements to the water, will also ensure ongoing good health.
AD Admin
Kenya Tree Coral
(Capnella sp.) Easy Semi-aggressive Medium All Moderate Brown, Tan, Green Strontium, Iodine, Trace elements 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.023-1.025 Indo-Pacific Nephtheidae Soft Corals Kenya Tree Corals (Capnella sp.) are an ideal species of Soft Coral for beginning reef aquarium hobbyists, as they are able to thrive in a variety of aquarium environments. While moderate lighting and water flow are considered ideal conditions for Kenya Tree Corals to thrive in, they will do well in a wide variety of lighting and water flow conditions. Kenya Tree Corals are known for both their rapid growth and self propagation, both of which can cause them to over take an aquarium if they are not trimmed or fragged regularly. They can easily be fragged (propagated) by cutting a limb off with sharp scissors or a razor blade, and then attaching the fragged piece to a rock or coral rubber with a rubber band or gel glue. In short order the fragged piece will attach itself to the rock or coral rubble and begin to transform from a frag to a colony. The Kenya Tree Coral does best when placed in an area of the aquarium that receives both medium water flow and lighting intensity. While these conditions are considered ideal, the Kenya Tree Coral is renown for it's ability to thrive in a wide variety of tank conditions. Their rapid growth and ability to drop buds that will attach to nearby rock work and begin a new colony of Kenya Tree makes it important to place the coral where it will not compete directly for space with other slower growing coral species. Hobbyists keeping Kenya Tree in their reef aquarium should be prepared for the amount of pruning that is required to keep their growth in check. Without fragging or pruning, Kenya Tree Coral will spread all over the aquarium. They are a semi-aggressive species that may attack (sting) nearby corals if they are not given enough room grow. Because they have the ability to free float and attach to distant areas of the aquarium, they are difficult to section off to a particular area within the aquarium. Kenya Tree Corals receives some of their nutritional needs from the aquarium lighting; however, the bulk of their energy is derived from filtering phytoplankton and similar organisms from the water column. They do best in an established reef aquarium that has adequate levels of micro-organisms in the water column to provide a steady food source. Kenya Tree Corals will also benefit from supplemental feedings of commercial foods like marine snow, cyclop-eeze and other foods designed for corals and filter feeding invertebrates.
AD Admin
Yellow Fiji Leather Coral
(Sarcophyton elegans) Easy Peaceful Medium All Medium to High Yellow, Tan, Brown, Green Iodine, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Alcyoniidae Soft Corals The Yellow Fiji Leather Coral, or as it is sometimes referred to the Sarcophyton elegans Coral can be found in multiple shades of yellow ranging from a pale yellowish tan color to a darker yellow orange coloration. Unlike other Sarcophyton corals, it does not grow an extended stalk, instead, The Yellow Fiji Leather Coral grows close to the rockwork, and will develop beautiful ruffles around the edges with time. The Yellow Fiji Leather Coral does take some care to house properly within the marine aquarium environment, with relatively high intensity lighting and medium water flow required. However, the Yellow Fiji Leather Coral will do well in almost any location within the aquarium, which makes it easier to fit this species into an established reef aquarium. The Yellow Fiji Leather Coral is a peaceful coral, but care should be exercised in providing adequate space between itself and other corals within the reef aquarium. The Yellow Fiji Leather Coral can be placed in most all locations within the reef aquarium, that allow for a medium water flow. While flexible in placement locations, the Yellow Fiji Leather Coral does have more stringent lighting requirements with medium to high intensity lighting being necessary for continued good health. The addition of strontium, iodine, and other trace elements to the water are also necessary to promote good health in this species. It is also possible to propagate the Yellow Fiji Leather Coral by cutting off a portion of the crown and attaching it to a small piece of rock or placing it in a soft substrate at the bottom of the aquarium. This however, is only recommended for advanced reef aquarists, as this can be harmful to the coral if not performed correctly. The symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within the Yellow Fiji Leather Corals body provide the majority of its nutritional needs from the light driven process of photosynthesis. However, the Yellow Fiji Leather Coral will also benefit from additional food such as micro-plankton, baby brine shrimp, or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates, such as marine snow or other plankton based solutions. The addition of strontium, iodine, and other trace elements to the water, will also ensure ongoing good health.
AD Admin
Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral
(Sarcophyton sp.) Easy Peaceful Medium All Medium to High Tan, Yellow, Brown, Green Iodine, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Alcyoniidae Soft Corals The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral is a popular species of coral for many beginners to advanced reef hobbyists. This species is commonly available within the hobby because of its attractive appearance, ease of care and versatility in placement within the reef aquarium. Within the hobby the Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral is often referred to by many different names, including: Sarcophyton Coral, Sarcophyton Mushroom, Sarcophyton Leather, or Trough Corals. The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral varies in appearance anywhere from a cream or tan all the way to a light brown or green, all with white or gold polyps. As this species increases in age, the crown will develop a folded appearance. It is often difficult to identify all the various species because they all have the similar appearance of mushroom or toadstool, each with a distinct stalk and capitulum (cap). The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral is such a popular species in part to its ease of care and excellent adaptability to reef aquarium life. Toadstool Mushroom Leather Corals are a peaceful species that can be placed in most any location within the aquarium, but adequate space should be provided between them and other corals. Toadstool Mushroom Leather Corals require medium to high lighting combined with medium to strong water movement and for continued good health, they will also require the addition of iodine, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. Many varieties of this species can be found for sale in the reef aquarium hobby, the more plain Sarcophyton Leather Corals from Indonesia are easy to maintain in the reef aquarium and make an excellent coral for the beginning through expert reef aquarist; however, the colored Sarcophyton Leather Corals from Tonga are much more difficult to ship and maintain, and are only for expert reef aquarists. Toadstool Mushroom Leather Corals will normally be sold attached to a small piece of live rock or rubble, for ease of placement within the aquarium. One can Culture this species by cutting off a portion of the Coral's crown and attaching that piece to live rock or placing it in the sandy bottom of the reef aquarium; however, this should only be attempted by an experienced reef hobbyist. The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral receives the majority of its nutrition from the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within its body by the light driven process of photosynthesis. Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral will also benefit from additional food such as micro-plankton, baby brine shrimp, or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates, that can be taken out of the aquarium currents.
AD Admin
Flower Tree Coral
(Scleronephthya sp.) Difficult Peaceful Medium All Low Orange, Red, Purple Iodine, Trace Elements, Strontium 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Nephtheidae Soft Corals The Flower Tree Coral is referred to by multiple names including, the Scleronephthya Strawberry Coral, or Pink or Orange Cauliflower Coral. It closely resembles members of the Dendronephthya genus, but is easier to maintain within the reef aquarium environment. While the Flower Tree Coral is easier to maintain than some similar species, it is still the domain of the expert reef aquarist. The stalks, branches, and tips of this coral tend to be various shades of the same color, ranging from red to orange. It is a relatively peaceful coral colony, and is normally sold attached to a small piece of live rock or rubble. It is moderately difficult to maintain the Flower Tree Coral in the reef aquarium and should be housed in an established reef aquarium by the experienced marine aquarist. The Flower Tree Coral only requires low lighting levels, but does require medium to strong indirect water movement. Flower Tree Corals will not usually fully open in direct water current, so indirect water flow is ideal. The water currents are essential though for proper feeding. For continued good health, the addition of strontium, iodine, and other trace elements to the water. Flower Tree Corals doe not contain symbiotic algae that it can rely on for food; therefore, its diet must include live, baby brine shrimp, micro-plankton, and other small foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates, in order to survive in the reef aquarium.
AD Admin
Finger Leather Coral
(Sinularia sp.) Moderate Semi-aggressive Medium to Strong All High Tan, Brown Iodine, Trace Elements, Strontium 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Alcyoniidae Soft Corals The Finger Leather Coral is also commonly referred to as Sinularia Coral, Finger Leather, or Trough Corals within the aquarium hobby. Finger Leather Corals are found both in Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans in various shades of brown, with white or gold polyps. It is somewhat difficult to identify many species because they all have the similar appearance of a mushroom or toadstool, each with a distinct stalk and capitulum (cap). Finger Leather Corals are often propagated in captivity, where generally polyps are detached from a mature coral and attached to a new base. A sharp knife is used to cut a branch from the point it merges with another, then loosely attached to a solid surface until it heals and attaches on its own. This should only be attempted on healthy specimens and only when water quality is very good. Overall in a mature reef tank with moderate to strong water movement and intense lighting, the Finger Leather Coral can be a very low maintenance attractive coral. Finger Leather Corals are relatively peaceful corals and are more often likely to be disturbed by other corals than they are a disturbance to others, but adequate space should be provided between them and other corals in the reef aquarium. However, when the Finger Leather Coral perceives a threat or disturbance, it will retract its polyps into the skeleton and secrete a mucous coat for protection. This mucous is toxic to other corals and is used to ward away other reef inhabitants infringing on its territory. A moderate to strong water current can help wash away this mucous coating which will both keep it from building to toxic levels, and will also keep the coral less susceptible to certain types of infections. The more plain Sinularia Leather Corals from Idonesia are easy to maintain in the reef aquarium and make an excellent coral for the beginning through expert reef aquarist. Finger Leather Corals require medium to high lighting combined with medium to strong water movement. For continued good health, they will also require the addition of iodine, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. The Finger Leather Coral uses symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within its body to provide the majority of its nutritional needs from the light driven process of photosynthesis. Thus intense lighting from either metal halide or powercompact fluorescent lighting should be used to provide high intensity lighting. Finger Leather Corals will also benefit from additional feedings of foods such as micro-plankton, baby brine shrimp, or foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates.
AD Admin
Christmas Tree Coral
(Sphaerella spp.) Moderate Peaceful Strong Bottom Low Tan, Brown Iodine, Trace Elements, Strontium 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Paralcyoniidae Soft Corals The Christmas Tree Coral is also commonly referred to as the Medusa Coral, Snake Locks Coral, or French Tickler within the aquarium trade. It is a soft corals species that is usually a shade of brown, tan, or gray. This species of coral is moderately difficult to care for in the aquarium environment, mainly because it requires active feeding and medium to strong water currents near the bottom of the aquarium, where this species should be placed. However, since this species does not utilize symbiotic algae as a food source, lighting is not crucial and in fact this species can thrive with low levels of light. This species is commonly found within the hobby and can be a very rewarding addition to an established reef aquarium if its basic needs are met. The Christmas Tree Soft Coral is overall a peaceful coral, but it will need space between itself and other species within the reef aquarium. This additional space is needed to avoid incidental contact of sweeper tentacles and the fact that it will often increase and decrease in size. The Christmas Tree Coral will often close up its tentacles at night, resembling a round or oblong potato and unfold its branches during the day resembling a Christmas Tree with drooping branches. Placement in the sand, gravel, or rubble at the bottom of the reef aquarium where the light levels are lower and with adequate water parameters and medium to strong water movement should help it to thrive. For continued good health, it will also require the addition of strontium, iodine, and other trace elements to the water. Christmas Tree Corals do not contain symbiotic algae, thus lighting is not as important a factor as it is with many other corals. However, this means the Christmas Tree Coral must be actively fed, since it does not produce its own food source. A proper diet for the Christmas Tree Coral should include live, baby brine shrimp, micro-plankton, and other small foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates, in order for this species to survive and thrive in the reef aquarium.
AD Admin