Categories
Galaxea Coral
(Galaxea sp.) Moderate Aggressive Medium Any Moderate to High Green, Gray, Pink, Brown Calcium, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.0-8.4, sg 1.021-1.025 South Pacific Oculinidae LPS Hard Corals The Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) is a beautifully colored South Pacific LPS coral that is highly priced within the marine reef aquarium hobby for both its appearance and relative hardiness within the aquarium environment. Galaxea Corals can be found in a variety of colors including: Tan, Brown, Green, Pink, Gray and Purple. They also have an equally varied collection of common names that they go by within the hobby, including: Galaxy, Star, Crystal, Starburst, Brittle or Tooth Coral. While Galaxea sp. can be found in a variety of colors with an equal variety of names, the most common version found within the hobby is the green colored Green Galaxea Coral. They have been widely imported and aqua-cultured because they do well within the reef aquarium with only an intermediate level of reef experience and can tolerate a variety of aquarium conditions and placements and still thrive. Hobbyists new to reef keeping look to the Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) for its ease of care, while reef experts keep it just for its brilliant appearance. Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) are best characterized as hardy aggressive coral that can be right at home in a variety of reef setups. The Galaxea Coral is considered a hardy coral species because it requires only moderate lighting, medium water flow and twice a week supplemental feedings in order to thrive. When housed in an aquarium with moderate lighting, the Galaxea Coral should be placed in a middle to high position on the reef, while in high lighting situations it should be place in a middle to lower position on the reef. For aquariums with extremely strong lighting, the Galaxea Coral can be placed on the aquarium substrate. They are considered an aggressive species due to their sweeper tentacles, which will extend out upwards of 4 inches during the night and will sting anything they touch. This can be addressed by proper placement of the coral that keeps it approximately 6 inches or so away from its closest neighbor. Varied medium water flow is also important to the health of the Galaxea Coral as it brings feeding opportunities from planktonic foods that are drifting in the current and removes waste products generated by the coral. The Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) requires feedings of meaty foods 2 to 3 times per week. They will readily accept a variety of planktonic coral foods, micro-invertebrate foods along with brine shrimp, mysis shrimp or similar meaty foods. They will use their tentacles to remove these foodstuffs from the current and can also be target fed using a feeding pipette that are readily available within the hobby. Like most invertebrates, Galaxea Coral require additional supplements in the form of calcium, strontium and trace elements in order to allow them to build their exoskeleton for proper growth.
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Black Tube Coral
(Tubastrea micrantha) Moderate Peaceful Medium to Strong Any Low Olive Green, Black Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78° F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12 Indo-Pacific Dendrophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Black Tube Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral, also commonly referred to as the Black Sun Coral. It is a very dark olive green to black colonial coral, markedly different than others within the species. It is often found on reef ledges or steep reef slopes in the wild, where it feeds on drifting zooplankton. Its skeleton has tubes branching in all directions. They should be placed into rockwork and prefer to be beneath a ledge where they will be shaded from high light. They are a low light species, but do require medium to strong water movement in order to feed on zooplankton that drifts by. Be careful when handling the Tube Coral; it can be fragile and needs to be picked up by its underside when placing it in the aquarium. Moderate to strong water current combined with low lighting levels will provide a good aquarium environment in which the Black Tube Coral can thrive. Usually, it will only expand its polyps in the evening unless it is hungry, when it may expand its polyps during the day. The tentacles have stinging cells that can shoot tiny poison darts into their prey or can even be used as a defense mechanism if necessary, but generally this species is peaceful with other if not overcrowded. While it is a hardy coral for the reef aquarium, it is classified as moderately difficult to maintain because it has special dietary needs. It is one of the few corals that does not contain the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae. Instead, it must be regularly fed vitamin-enriched brine shrimp or micro-plankton from an eyedropper directly to each of its polyps to promote rapid polyp budding. It will also benefit from the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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Elegance Coral
(Cataphyllia sp.) Moderate Aggressive Low to Medium Bottom Moderate Gold, Green, Pink , Yellow Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Catalaphyllia Elegance Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS), which is often referred to within the aquarium hobby as Elegant Coral, Wonder Coral, or Ridge Coral. The Elegance Coral has polyps that are extended during the day showing off its vast array of color-tipped tentacles, which give it a very distinctive and attractive appearance. Under actinic lighting, the fluorescent qualities are both very distinct and beautiful, with lime green, blue, orange, or purple-tipped tentacles, which vary between branched or round and bulbous shapes. The most common color variety available to aquarists is gold with pink or purple-tipped polyps; however, other color variations are available from time to time. The Catalaphyllia Elegance Coral has a moderate care level for keeping in the reef aquarium and makes an excellent choice for beginners all the way up to expert hobbyist. Be sure to provide ample space in the aquarium between it and other neighboring corals as it will expand to twice its usual size during the day and is aggressive in that it will sting other corals in close proximity to it. It is best to place the skeleton of the coral into a soft substrate, which is less likely to irritate the fleshy underside of the coral when compared to the rock-work or coral. While moderate lighting intensity is required, the Elegance Coral prefers only low to medium water flow and this should be taken into consideration when placing within the aquarium It is possible that Clownfish may accept this coral as its host if no anemone is present. Use caution when handling this species, as it is very fragile and can also sting its handler. Ideal reef aquarium conditions for the Elegance Coral should include moderate lighting with moderate water movement, with the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water to add to this species long-term health. The Elegance Coral will also benefit from additional food fed daily in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp.
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Open Brain Coral
(Trachyphyllia radiata) Moderate Semi-aggressive Medium Bottom Medium to High Green, Red, Pink, Brown Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Trachyphylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Open Brain Coral is a Large Polyp Stony (LPS) coral, sometimes referred to as the Pacific Rose Coral, or Wellsophyllia/Trachyphyllia Brain Coral. They are not connected to the substrate and can be easily collected from the reef when mature. They are often found in varying shades of metallic green and are characterized by their irregular round shape, deep impressions and fused walls with numerous folds. Originally these species were identified as Wellsophyllia corals being separate from Trachyphyllia corals. This distinction is less commonly used now, and the Wellsophyllia Brain Coral is often referred to now as a Trachyphyllia radiata coral, thus making the two interchangeable. All of their characteristics including feeding, lighting and water movement requirements are identical. Wellsophyllia/Trachyphyllia Brain Corals do does best in a well established reef aquarium that incorporates moderate to strong lighting and a moderate water current within the aquarium, along with the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. These corals prefer to be placed on a sandy substrate, with plenty of space between it and other corals, as it is sensitive to stings from its neighbors. It is advisable to locate these corals someplace on the reef that will keep them well separated from all neighbors and even provide some extra space to roam. Wellsophyllia/Trachyphyllia Brain Corals utilize the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae from which it receives the majority of its nutrition through photosynthesis. They also benefit from occasional feedings of meaty items, like shrimp, clam and squid. They should only be offered food when the tentacles are fully expanded, which is typically during the night time hours.
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Doughnut Coral
(Cynarina lacrymalis) Easy Peaceful Low Bottom to Middle Moderate Brown, Green, Red, Pastels Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Mussidae LPS Hard Corals The Cynarina Button Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral that is also commonly referred to as Cat's Eye, Tooth, Doughnut, Teary Eye, or Meat Coral. The Cynarina Button Coral resembles an artichoke in appearance, it is one of the largest single-polyped coral found in the wild. It's coloration can vary from different forms of bright vibrant pastels to more drab variations. The Cynarina Button Coral is non-aggressive in nature, but like most corals, requires adequate space in which to expand sweeper tentacles and such in order to feed. In the case of the Cynarina Button Coral a space large enough to allow the coral to expand to twice it's size is required. Compared to many corals available on the market this space consideration is very modest, which allows for a variety of placements for the Cynarina Button Coral within a reef aquarium. The combination of both its hardiness and its ease of placement make this coral an excellent choice for beginning reef aquarists, while its brilliant coloration and unique shape make it an interesting specimen for advanced reef aquarists as well. The Cynarina Button Coral only expands to about twice its normal size for feeding, which allows for diverse placement within any reef aquarium. The Cynarina Button Coral is a relatively easy specimen to maintain, which makes it an excellent choice for the beginning reef aquarist. It requires only medium lighting and low water movement, which allows for very diverse placement. Like most corals the Cynarina Button Coral will benefit from the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. Supplemental feedings of brine shrimp or mico-plankton with the aquarium lights turned off will greatly benefit this species. Along with medium lighting and low water movement the Cynarina Button Coral requires supplemental feedings of micro-plankton, brine shrimp or similar meaty foods. Like most corals the Cynarina Button Coral will also benefit from the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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Long Tentacle Plate Coral
(Heliofungia actiniformis) Moderate Aggressive Medium Bottom Medium White, Beige, Brown, Gray, Green Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Fungiidae LPS Hard Corals The Long Tentacle Plate Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral,which is often commonly referred to as a Heliofungia Plate, Mushroom, or Disk Coral. Its genus name, Heliofungia, was derived from the Latin words helios (sun) and fungus (mushroom), which describes its calcareous skeleton shape. When the long tentacles are extended, the Long Tentacle Plate Coral takes on the appearance of an anemone. The Long Tentacle Plate Coral is a solitary and aggressive coral, which uses its long tentacles to search for food, but they can also damage other corals that it comes in contact with. When placement within the aquarium, it is important to keep in mind that it will often inflate itself with water and expand to twice its size, with sweeper tentacles extending well beyond its base. It will do best on the bottom of a reef aquarium, preferably lying on a fine sandy substrate. The Long Tentacle Plate Coral is easy to maintain in the reef aquarium and makes an excellent candidate for the beginner reef aquarist. It does require moderate lighting combined with moderate water movement within the aquarium. The Long Tentacle Plate Coral should be fed micro-plankton or brine shrimp 2 to 3 times a week. For continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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Candy Cane Coral
(Caulastrea furcata) Easy Peaceful Medium All Moderate Blue-Green, Brown-Green, Yellow-Green Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Faviidae LPS Hard Corals The Candy Cane Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral often referred to as either Trumpet, Torch, Candy, or Bullseye Coral. Its genus name, Caulastrea, comes from the Latin kaulos (stalk), and aster (star) describing its skeletal structure consisting of tubular stalks with stars on each tip. The large circular polyps are vibrant green, yellow, blue and brown. The Candy Cane Coral from Fiji are generally a brilliant greenish/teal and brown, and the tips are white. With quality lighting such as metal halides or combination 10,000k & actinic blue power compacts, the Candy Cane Coral will stand out amongst the crowd with it's brilliant coloration. As corals go the Candy Cane coral is a hardy species when kept in an environment with moderate water movemoment and medium to strong lighting. The Candy Cane Coral requires moderate water movement and moderate to strong lighting in the aquarium environment. It makes a great addition to the reef aquarium with its' brilliant coloration and passive nature. Unlike many corals, the Candy Cane coral has very short sweeper tentacles, which allows it to be kept in close quarters with other corals without harming them. Due to its need for only moderate lighting combined with very short sweeper tentacles, the Candy Cane coral can live in many areas within a reef aquarium and do very well. The Candy Cane coral has short sweeper tentacles, which will necesitate the need to provide some supplemental nutrients through weekly feedings of either brine shrimp or micro-plankton. As with most other corals the Candy Cane coral will also benefit from the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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Lobophyllia Brain Coral
(Lobophyllia sp.) Easy Semi-aggressive Medium All Medium to High Grey, Green, Tan, Brown, Red, Orange Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific, South Pacific Mussidae LPS Hard Corals The Lobophyllia Brain Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral often referred to as a Lobed, Colored, Carpet, Flat, or Open Brain Coral, Meat Coral, Modern Coral, or Large Flower Coral. It has fleshy polyps that hide its calcareous skeleton. It is found in a variety of textures and color forms. Some are smooth, while others are pimply, and look like carpet. Colors vary from bright red, green, orange, gray, tan, or brown. Its behavior is semi-aggressive and it will sting other corals with its extended sweeper tentacles during the night. Provide plenty of space between it and other neighboring corals, at least 6 inches. It is easy to maintain in the reef aquarium, making it an excellent candidate for the beginning reef aquarist, but is brilliant colors and textures also make it a favorite of more advanced reef hobbyists. It requires moderate to strong lighting combined with a moderate water movement within the aquarium, for continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. The symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within its body provide the majority of its nutritional requirements through photosynthesis. It will however benefit from additional food in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp fed in the evening when its tentacles are visible.
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Bubble Coral
(Plerogyra sp.) Easy Aggressive Low to Medium Bottom Moderate White, Yellow, Pink, Red Calcium, Strontium,Trace Elements 72-78° F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals Bubble Corals are both unique and attractive in their appearance. With both attractive colors and a unique bubble like appearance they provide a stark contrast to many other Indo-Pacific LPS corals. They have a white-ridged hard skeleton that can be seen only when the polyps are deflated. When inflated, the large skin like polyps will cover the entire coral skeleton, giving this species a white, yellowish or pink coloration. Like many other LPS corals, this species posses sweeper tentacles that can harm other near by corals, making it important to think about the position and placement in the aquarium. Bubble Corals require moderate lighting levels combined with low to moderate water flow to flourish in the home aquarium. Too much water flow will prevent the coral from fully expanding its fleshly polyps. These polyps are very fragile and will puncture easily, thus it is very important to handle these corals with the utmost care and only by the hard skeletal base. Because Bubble Corals have long sweeper tentacles, be sure to place them in a location that will provide plenty of room between themselves and other species to prevent damage being done to its neighbors. As with most corals the Bubble Coral will benefit from the addition of calcium, strontium and other trace elements added periodically to the water. Bubble Corals utilize the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae from which it receives the majority of its nutrition through photosynthesis. They also benefit from occasional feedings of meaty items; such as, brine shrimp or micro-plankton. They should be offered food when the tentacles are fully expanded, which is typically during the night time hours. As with most corals the Bubble Coral will benefit from the addition of calcium, strontium and other trace elements added periodically to the water.
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Hammer Coral
(Euphyllia parancora) Moderate Aggressive Medium Bottom Medium Green, Brown, Tan Calcium, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Hammer Coral, Branched is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral and often referred to as Hammer Coral, Euphyllia Coral or Anchor Coral. Its common names are derived from the appearance of its hammer or anchor-shaped tentacles. Its polyps are visible throughout the day and night and hide this species skeletal base. Hammer Corals may be green, tan, or brown in color, with lime green or yellow tips on the ends of its tentacles that glow under actinic lighting. Some varieties may be branched which makes them look similar to a Torch Coral (E. glabrescens). This species can be moderately difficult to maintain as it requires very good water conditions to thrive, and is recommended for experienced or advanced hobbyists. In the aquarium environment the Hammer Coral will require moderate lighting combined with medium water movement and excellent overall water quality. Care should be exercised in placing this species as its sweeper tentacles can extend around six inches at night. The sweeper tentacles of the Hammer Coral will sting any other corals or animals that it comes in contact with. Therefore, allow plenty of room between the Hammer Coral and its closest neighbors, keeping in mind the total amount of space required due to its sweeper tentacles. For on going good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. The Hammer Coral will benefit from additional food fed weekly in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp and for continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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