Categories
Acan Coral
(Acanthastrea echinata) Easy Aggressive Medium Bottom to Middle Moderate Orange, Red, Purple, Blue, Pink Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-80° F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12 Indo-Pacific Mussidae LPS Hard Corals Acan Corals (Acanthastrea echinata) have become extremely popular within the reef aquarium hobby due to their bright striped color combinations and ease of care. They are generally widely available and are sold under multiple common names including: Acan Coral, Acan Brain Coral, Acanthastrea Coral or simply Acans. Acan Corals are available in an extensive variety of vivid color combinations and patterns, which allows reef hobbyists to inject any desired colors into their reef tank. Beyond simply boasting amazing colors, Acan Corals are also very hardy and adapt quickly to the reef aquarium environment. They will tolerate a fairly wide range of water conditions and once acclimated are known for their rapid growth rates. Acan Corals have only moderate lighting and water flow requirements that consist of moderate lighting intensity and medium amounts of indirect water flow. While Acan Corals are perfect for beginning reef hobbyists, they are also highly sought after by advanced reef hobbyists for the splash of color they bring to even the most established reef aquarium system. Whether a beginning or advanced reef hobbyist with anything from a nano reef to large reef system, the Acan Coral is right at home. Their modest care requirements and brilliant coloration make the Acan Coral the perfect addition to almost any reef aquarium. While they are easy to care for and have modest care requirements, there are some specific requirements for keeping Acan Corals. First off is placement, Acan Corals need to be kept at least a couple of inches from any neighboring corals. This is because the Acan Coral is an aggressive species that will fight for its position on the reef. They can extend their stomachs out onto neighboring corals in order to attack them, which they will do in order to acquire more room to grow. Secondly, Acan Corals need medium, indirect water flow in order to both provide filter feeding opportunities and to remove waste products from the coral. This is best achieved through the use of a wave maker or through alternating powerheads that create laminar water flow within the aquarium. Lastly, Acan Corals need proper lighting in order to provide feeding opportunities via the zooxanthellae algae hosted within their body. The catch here is that unlike other corals that receive most of their nutrition this way, the Acan Coral only utilizes photosynthesis for a portion of their nutrition. This effectively means that they only need moderate lighting intensity and will bleach out or die if over exposed to intense lighting. It is for this reason that Acan Corals are best placed in the lower to middle areas of the average reef aquarium, where lighting levels are substantial but not as intense as the upper portions of the reef. Acan Corals receive a portion of their nutrition through photosynthesis from the zooxanthellae algae that they host within their body. However for long term health and faster growth they will need filter feeding opportunities. Well established larger reef aquariums will often have zooplankton present in the water column that the Acan Coral can filter and consume, or hobbyists can target feed them with foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates. Ideal target feeding foods include Cyclopeeze and MicroVert or ZooPlex from Kent Marine. Acans can be fed every other day for rapid growth, but typically only need to be fed twice a week for normal sustained growth. Target feeding is best performed by mixing the coral food in tank water in a separate container, then using a turkey baster or target feeding device to shoot the solution directly onto the coral. The Acan Coral will sense the food in the water around them and catch it with tentacles that they extend into the water column. Once the food is attached to the tentacle, it will be retracted back to the mouth of the coral and consumed. It is often suggested that Acan Corals be fed during nighttime hours; however, this is not necessary since acclimated Acan Corals will readily feed at any time of the day. Keep in mind that specimens that are newly added to the aquarium will often not eat for a few weeks, which is completely normal. Once they are fully acclimated and settled into their new environment they will begin feeding.
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Flowerpot Coral
(Goniopora sp.) Difficult Aggressive Medium Bottom to Middle Moderate Red, Purple, Pink, Tan, Green Calcium, Strontium, Magnesium, Trace Elements 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.023-1.025 Indo-Pacific Poritidae LPS Hard Corals The Flowerpot Coral (Goniopora sp.) is a common name applied to a variety of Goniopora and Alveopora corals found throughout the Indo-Pacific. While there are many distinct species of Goniopora and Alveopora, this profile is intended to cover the basics that are common to all varieties. Goniopora is a species of large polyp stony (LPS) coral that forms branching colonies with polyps that always have 24 tentacles, with both the disc and tentacle tips having colors that range from purple, pink and red to tan and green. The Polyps are long and fleshy and the tentacles are normally extended both day and night. Alveopora are also a species of large polyp stony (LPS) coral that forms branching colonies with polyps that always have 12 tentacles instead of 24. Beyond simply a difference in appearance, Alveopora sp. species have been found to do better in the aquarium environment than Goniopora sp. species; however, both types should be considered advanced or expert level corals to keep. In addition to Alveopora sp. species being more hardy in the aquarium environment, hobbyists have also found that red and purple Flowerpot Corals do better than tan or green specimens. The exact reason for this is not currently known; however, the anecdotal evidence has been consistent amongst many reef hobbyists. It was thought for many years that Goniopora and Alveopora corals did poorly in the aquarium environment because of a lack of lighting intensity. However, modern high intensity lighting systems have had little to no effect on successfully keeping Flowerpot Corals. Hobbyists have since learned that the difficulty in keeping these corals is more in the unique combination of aquarium conditions that are required for long term growth and prosperity. More specifically the combination of water chemistry, water flow, lighting, filter feeding opportunities and direct targeted feedings. Flowerpot Corals need moderately intense lighting in order for the zooxanthellae they host to thrive; however, they do not need the high intensity of light provided in many modern reef aquariums. It is for this reason that most hobbyists with highly intense lighting place their Flowerpot Coral in a lower middle to bottom location on the reef. Water flow should be moderate in strength with varied, turbid or laminar flow, which is typically created by a wave box, alternating powerheads or by placing the coral in an area of the tank that receives varied water flow. Ideally the water flow should be sufficient to remove waste products generated by the coral, while still allowing the coral filter feeding opportunities from zooplankton and other foods present in the water column. Water chemistry is also crucial for the the Flowerpot Coral in order to ensure proper skeletal growth and development. Hobbyists should utilize quality reef salt and reef supplements in order to provide proper calcium levels, magnesium and trace elements, which are all crucial to calcium based hard coral skeletal structures. Lastly, Gonioporas will require regular targeted feedings of meaty foods like cyclopeeze or baby brine shrimp. Some very established reef aquariums with large refugiums may be able to provide enough water column filter feeding opportunities for Goniopora and Alveopora corals to thrive; however, most hobbyists will find that regular targeted feedings are necessary for the coral to survive and thrive within the aquarium environment. Reef building hard corals like the Flowerpot Coral require proper calcium carbonate levels in the aquarium in order to build their skeletal structures. They are made up of tiny animals with a tubular body and an oral gap fringed with tentacles. These tentacle polyps are equipped with nematocysts (poisonous cells used to sting prey), which they use to feed on small marine organisms ranging in size from zooplankton to very small fish. Much of the energy requirements of the coral are provided by photosynthetic organisms that live in its tissue, called zooxanthellae. Zooxanthellae supply the coral polyps with oxygen and food, and are responsible for the color of the corals In return, the corals provide a protected living area for the zooxanthellae. However, Flowerpot Corals also require additional feedings of larger meaty foods like cyclopeeze or baby brine shrimp. In most cases, target feeding of the Flowerpot Coral will be required to insure that they receive adequate nutrition. Since the Flowerpot Coral is slow to feed and often out competed by tank mates like shrimp and fish, many hobbyists use the cut top of a soda bottle to allow them to squirt the food onto the coral and keep it from floating away or being eaten by competitors.
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Galaxea Coral
(Galaxea sp.) Moderate Aggressive Medium Any Moderate to High Green, Gray, Pink, Brown Calcium, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.0-8.4, sg 1.021-1.025 South Pacific Oculinidae LPS Hard Corals The Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) is a beautifully colored South Pacific LPS coral that is highly priced within the marine reef aquarium hobby for both its appearance and relative hardiness within the aquarium environment. Galaxea Corals can be found in a variety of colors including: Tan, Brown, Green, Pink, Gray and Purple. They also have an equally varied collection of common names that they go by within the hobby, including: Galaxy, Star, Crystal, Starburst, Brittle or Tooth Coral. While Galaxea sp. can be found in a variety of colors with an equal variety of names, the most common version found within the hobby is the green colored Green Galaxea Coral. They have been widely imported and aqua-cultured because they do well within the reef aquarium with only an intermediate level of reef experience and can tolerate a variety of aquarium conditions and placements and still thrive. Hobbyists new to reef keeping look to the Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) for its ease of care, while reef experts keep it just for its brilliant appearance. Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) are best characterized as hardy aggressive coral that can be right at home in a variety of reef setups. The Galaxea Coral is considered a hardy coral species because it requires only moderate lighting, medium water flow and twice a week supplemental feedings in order to thrive. When housed in an aquarium with moderate lighting, the Galaxea Coral should be placed in a middle to high position on the reef, while in high lighting situations it should be place in a middle to lower position on the reef. For aquariums with extremely strong lighting, the Galaxea Coral can be placed on the aquarium substrate. They are considered an aggressive species due to their sweeper tentacles, which will extend out upwards of 4 inches during the night and will sting anything they touch. This can be addressed by proper placement of the coral that keeps it approximately 6 inches or so away from its closest neighbor. Varied medium water flow is also important to the health of the Galaxea Coral as it brings feeding opportunities from planktonic foods that are drifting in the current and removes waste products generated by the coral. The Galaxea Coral (Galaxea sp.) requires feedings of meaty foods 2 to 3 times per week. They will readily accept a variety of planktonic coral foods, micro-invertebrate foods along with brine shrimp, mysis shrimp or similar meaty foods. They will use their tentacles to remove these foodstuffs from the current and can also be target fed using a feeding pipette that are readily available within the hobby. Like most invertebrates, Galaxea Coral require additional supplements in the form of calcium, strontium and trace elements in order to allow them to build their exoskeleton for proper growth.
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Open Brain Coral
(Trachyphyllia radiata) Moderate Semi-aggressive Medium Bottom Medium to High Green, Red, Pink, Brown Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Trachyphylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Open Brain Coral is a Large Polyp Stony (LPS) coral, sometimes referred to as the Pacific Rose Coral, or Wellsophyllia/Trachyphyllia Brain Coral. They are not connected to the substrate and can be easily collected from the reef when mature. They are often found in varying shades of metallic green and are characterized by their irregular round shape, deep impressions and fused walls with numerous folds. Originally these species were identified as Wellsophyllia corals being separate from Trachyphyllia corals. This distinction is less commonly used now, and the Wellsophyllia Brain Coral is often referred to now as a Trachyphyllia radiata coral, thus making the two interchangeable. All of their characteristics including feeding, lighting and water movement requirements are identical. Wellsophyllia/Trachyphyllia Brain Corals do does best in a well established reef aquarium that incorporates moderate to strong lighting and a moderate water current within the aquarium, along with the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. These corals prefer to be placed on a sandy substrate, with plenty of space between it and other corals, as it is sensitive to stings from its neighbors. It is advisable to locate these corals someplace on the reef that will keep them well separated from all neighbors and even provide some extra space to roam. Wellsophyllia/Trachyphyllia Brain Corals utilize the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae from which it receives the majority of its nutrition through photosynthesis. They also benefit from occasional feedings of meaty items, like shrimp, clam and squid. They should only be offered food when the tentacles are fully expanded, which is typically during the night time hours.
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Long Tentacle Plate Coral
(Heliofungia actiniformis) Moderate Aggressive Medium Bottom Medium White, Beige, Brown, Gray, Green Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Fungiidae LPS Hard Corals The Long Tentacle Plate Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral,which is often commonly referred to as a Heliofungia Plate, Mushroom, or Disk Coral. Its genus name, Heliofungia, was derived from the Latin words helios (sun) and fungus (mushroom), which describes its calcareous skeleton shape. When the long tentacles are extended, the Long Tentacle Plate Coral takes on the appearance of an anemone. The Long Tentacle Plate Coral is a solitary and aggressive coral, which uses its long tentacles to search for food, but they can also damage other corals that it comes in contact with. When placement within the aquarium, it is important to keep in mind that it will often inflate itself with water and expand to twice its size, with sweeper tentacles extending well beyond its base. It will do best on the bottom of a reef aquarium, preferably lying on a fine sandy substrate. The Long Tentacle Plate Coral is easy to maintain in the reef aquarium and makes an excellent candidate for the beginner reef aquarist. It does require moderate lighting combined with moderate water movement within the aquarium. The Long Tentacle Plate Coral should be fed micro-plankton or brine shrimp 2 to 3 times a week. For continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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Lobophyllia Brain Coral
(Lobophyllia sp.) Easy Semi-aggressive Medium All Medium to High Grey, Green, Tan, Brown, Red, Orange Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific, South Pacific Mussidae LPS Hard Corals The Lobophyllia Brain Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral often referred to as a Lobed, Colored, Carpet, Flat, or Open Brain Coral, Meat Coral, Modern Coral, or Large Flower Coral. It has fleshy polyps that hide its calcareous skeleton. It is found in a variety of textures and color forms. Some are smooth, while others are pimply, and look like carpet. Colors vary from bright red, green, orange, gray, tan, or brown. Its behavior is semi-aggressive and it will sting other corals with its extended sweeper tentacles during the night. Provide plenty of space between it and other neighboring corals, at least 6 inches. It is easy to maintain in the reef aquarium, making it an excellent candidate for the beginning reef aquarist, but is brilliant colors and textures also make it a favorite of more advanced reef hobbyists. It requires moderate to strong lighting combined with a moderate water movement within the aquarium, for continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. The symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within its body provide the majority of its nutritional requirements through photosynthesis. It will however benefit from additional food in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp fed in the evening when its tentacles are visible.
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Hammer Coral
(Euphyllia parancora) Moderate Aggressive Medium Bottom Medium Green, Brown, Tan Calcium, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Hammer Coral, Branched is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral and often referred to as Hammer Coral, Euphyllia Coral or Anchor Coral. Its common names are derived from the appearance of its hammer or anchor-shaped tentacles. Its polyps are visible throughout the day and night and hide this species skeletal base. Hammer Corals may be green, tan, or brown in color, with lime green or yellow tips on the ends of its tentacles that glow under actinic lighting. Some varieties may be branched which makes them look similar to a Torch Coral (E. glabrescens). This species can be moderately difficult to maintain as it requires very good water conditions to thrive, and is recommended for experienced or advanced hobbyists. In the aquarium environment the Hammer Coral will require moderate lighting combined with medium water movement and excellent overall water quality. Care should be exercised in placing this species as its sweeper tentacles can extend around six inches at night. The sweeper tentacles of the Hammer Coral will sting any other corals or animals that it comes in contact with. Therefore, allow plenty of room between the Hammer Coral and its closest neighbors, keeping in mind the total amount of space required due to its sweeper tentacles. For on going good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. The Hammer Coral will benefit from additional food fed weekly in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp and for continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water.
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Frogspawn Coral
(Euphyllia paradivisa) Moderate Aggressive Medium Low Medium to High Tan, Beige, Green, Red Calcium, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Frogspawn Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral, that goes by many names within the hobby including Wall, Octopus, Grape, or Torch Coral. This coral get its common name from the polyps that resemble frog eggs, thus the name Frogspawn Coral. Frogspawn coral look essentially the same either day or night, as their polyps remain visible despite the lighting conditions. During the night hours, the Frogspawns sweeper tentacles will extend approximately 6 to 8 inches beyond the base of the coral in search of food. It is important not to place other corals within this range so that they are not stung by the Frogspawns tentacles. This species is moderately difficult to maintain, but despite this fact, it is a popular coral within the marine aquarium hobby. Under the care of an intermediate to advanced reef aquarist, this species will thrive under the proper conditions. It requires medium to high lighting levels combined with a medium water movement within the aquarium. For continued good health, it will also require the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water. The symbiotic algae zooxanthellae hosted within its body provides the majority of its nutritional requirements from photosynthesis. It will also benefit from additional food in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp.
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Fox Coral
(Nemenzophyllia turbida) Easy Peaceful Low Bottom Low to Moderate Beige, Green, Tan, White Calcium, Strontium, Trace elements 72-78º F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Fox Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral that has a fragile calcareous skeleton, which requires extra care when handling or placing this specimen. Be careful that when placing this specimen in your reef aquarium, that it placed gently between the rocks so that it is not damaged. The Fox Coral is a very peaceful coral that does not have stinging tentacles, instead it uses its polyps to feed. The polyps on the Fox Coral will extend approximately 3 times the width of the skeleton during the day. Keep this in mind when placing this specimen within your reef aquarium. The Fox Coral is very easy to maintain, making it an excellent choice for the beginning reef aquarist. By only requiring moderate lighting intensity and low water movement within the aquarium, the Fox Coral has very modest requirements in comparison with many similarly attractive corals. If you are placing the Fox Coral in a reef aquarium with specimens that do require higher lighting & moderate water flow, be sure to situate the Fox Coral in a bottom location within the aquarium that has low water flow. The Fox Coral will benefit from weekly feedings of micro-plankton, brine shrimp or similar other foods. In addition the Fox Coral will also require calcium, strontium, and other trace elements be added to the water.
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Elegance Coral
(Cataphyllia sp.) Moderate Aggressive Low to Medium Bottom Moderate Gold, Green, Pink , Yellow Calcium, Strontium, Trace Elements 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Indo-Pacific Caryophylliidae LPS Hard Corals The Catalaphyllia Elegance Coral is a large polyp stony (LPS), which is often referred to within the aquarium hobby as Elegant Coral, Wonder Coral, or Ridge Coral. The Elegance Coral has polyps that are extended during the day showing off its vast array of color-tipped tentacles, which give it a very distinctive and attractive appearance. Under actinic lighting, the fluorescent qualities are both very distinct and beautiful, with lime green, blue, orange, or purple-tipped tentacles, which vary between branched or round and bulbous shapes. The most common color variety available to aquarists is gold with pink or purple-tipped polyps; however, other color variations are available from time to time. The Catalaphyllia Elegance Coral has a moderate care level for keeping in the reef aquarium and makes an excellent choice for beginners all the way up to expert hobbyist. Be sure to provide ample space in the aquarium between it and other neighboring corals as it will expand to twice its usual size during the day and is aggressive in that it will sting other corals in close proximity to it. It is best to place the skeleton of the coral into a soft substrate, which is less likely to irritate the fleshy underside of the coral when compared to the rock-work or coral. While moderate lighting intensity is required, the Elegance Coral prefers only low to medium water flow and this should be taken into consideration when placing within the aquarium It is possible that Clownfish may accept this coral as its host if no anemone is present. Use caution when handling this species, as it is very fragile and can also sting its handler. Ideal reef aquarium conditions for the Elegance Coral should include moderate lighting with moderate water movement, with the addition of calcium, strontium, and other trace elements to the water to add to this species long-term health. The Elegance Coral will also benefit from additional food fed daily in the form of micro-plankton or brine shrimp.
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