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Secretive Wrasse
1 like Wrasse
(Pseudocheilinus evanidus) Moderate Semi-aggressive 3" 24 gallons 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Hawaii, Indonesia Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible Secretive Wrasse (Pseudocheilinus evanidus) are becoming more common within the aquarium trade due to their brilliant scarlet red coloration and ability to thrive in the aquarium environment. Like many Wrasse species, the Secretive Wrasse is sold under a variety of common names including Secretive Wrasse, Scarlet Pin Stripe Wrasse, Striated Wrasse and Evanidus Wrasse. Their natural Indo-Pacific habitat ranges from Indonesia to Hawaii, where they are found mostly in and around coral reefs. Secretive Wrasse are incredibly adept at maneuvering in and out of even the smallest caves and crevices in the rock work, where they hunt for a wide variety of small organisms ranging from copepods to small worms. In fact many hobbyists keep Secretive Wrasse just for their ability to rid the aquarium of a variety of common pests that can take over a reef aquarium if not kept in check. Secretive Wrasse are a good fit for a variety of aquarium setups ranging from FOWLR to reef tanks. They are also a very hardy species that will readily adapt to aquarium life and typical aquarium foods. The Secretive Wrasse is well suited for any community FOWLR or reef aquarium setup containing other peaceful to semi-aggressive reef fish species. They are also peaceful towards most all ornamental invertebrates including shrimp, snails and crabs. However, they will prey on many of the nuisance snails and smaller bristle worms. Overall the Secretive Wrasse is very comparable to the Six & Eight Line Wrasse in terms of aquarium personality and ability to rid the aquarium of common pest species. It is their propensity for eating bristle worms that has made them a sought after species for may aquarists who are trying to keep bristle worm populations in check. While generally a peaceful species, Secretive Wrasse will show aggression towards others of their own kind (unless a mated pair) and other similarly sized and shaped fish species. They are much more likely to show aggression towards others if the aquarium does not have enough live rock to provide them a suitable territory and hunting ground. It is best to keep this species with plenty of live rock and horizontal swimming room, so that they can patrol a suitable territory. Larger aquariums (125 gallons or more) with plenty of live rock will generally be able to support multiple smaller Wrasse species without issue. Secretive Wrasse also benefits from the presence of a refugium, as a strong population of copepods, amphipods and other micro faunae will provide them an excellent food source and curb aggression. Like most Wrasse, the Secretive Wrasse is quite capable of defending itself against larger more boisterous species as its speed and maneuverability make it a difficult species to pick on or bully. Secretive Wrasse are very active feeders that will generally spend the majority of the day cruising up and down the reef looking for food items on which to feed. In an aquarium with a sufficient population of micro faunae, the Secretive Wrasse will need only supplemental feedings of various meaty foods. Their overall diet should consist of a variety of meaty items including: vitamin enriched meaty frozen preparations, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp or flake or pellet foods formulated for carnivores. Hobbyists will find that the Secretive Wrasse will readily consume the same foodstuffs that most all Indo-Pacific reef fish species will accept.
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Bluehead Fairy Wrasse
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(Cirrhilabrus cyanopleura) Moderate Peaceful 5" 75 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible The Bluehead Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus cyanopleura) varies in coloration and color pattern depending on their area of origin. Due to these color variations, they are sold under a variety of common names including: Bluehead Fairy Wrasse, Yellowflanked Fairy Wrasse, Purplehead Parrotfish and Blue Sided Fairy Wrasse. Despite only reaching about 5 inches in length within the aquarium environment, the Bluehead Fairy Wrasse needs plenty of swimming room coupled with plenty of live rock caves and crevices to explore. Their active swimming style means that they require a slightly larger aquarium than their overall length would suggest. A 75 gallon aquarium or larger is recommended to provide adequate territory and swimming space. While the Bluehead Fairy Wrasse is a peaceful Wrasse species, they will show aggression towards other Wrasse species. This is a reef safe Wrasse species that will not harm corals or sessile invertebrates. Bluehead Fairy Wrasse do best in reef aquariums and FOWLR aquariums containing plenty of live rock. They are generally prized for their unique coloration and active swimming style; as well as, their peaceful disposition. As with many Wrasse species the Bluehead Fairy Wrasse is known to be a jumper, thus the aquarium should be fully covered. Despite being peaceful in nature, the Bluehead Fairy Wrasse is often aggressive towards others of its own kind or smaller more peaceful Wrasse species. Bluehead Fairy Wrasse require a moderate to deep sand bed as they burrow in the sand at night when they sleep and on occasion when frightened and seeking shelter. In the wild the Bluehead Fairy Wrasse is a schooling species, thus hobbyists with larger aquariums can keep them in groups of 4 or more individuals. They will also school with other peaceful species like Chromis and Anthias as well. Bluehead Fairy Wrasse should not be kept with larger aggressive fish species or with larger predatory invertebrate species. The Bluehead Fairy Wrasse is a carnivore that should be fed a varied diet of high quality marine based meaty foods and preparations designed for marine carnivores. They will readily consume meaty flake, small pellet, frozen and freeze-dried foods. It is important to provide them a variety of foods in order to provide a balanced diet which will help maintain a strong immune system. Ideally it is best to feed 2 to 3 smaller meals throughout the day, an amount that the fish will consume within a few minutes.
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Bird Wrasse
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(Gomphosus varius) Easy Semi-Aggressive 12" 125 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean Labridae Wrasse Fish Only The Bird Wrasse is a remarkable and unique species that is named for its long, bird-like "beak" as well as its flitting swimming behavior. Endemic to the Indo-Pacific and Indian Ocean, the Bird Wrasse is commonly found snacking upon benthic invertebrates, mollusks, and echinoderms among various lagoons and seaward reefs. The Bird Wrasse males are generally a light to dark green hue while the females have a white anterior that blends into a dark to black posterior and have a yellow-orange, upper snout. The Bird Wrasse is an extremely popular species and is commonly available throughout the hobby; they can be acquired through local and online retailers within a fair price range (considering all specimens are wild-caught). The Bird Wrasse requires an aquarium of no less than 125 gallons and should be provided with plenty of open swimming space as well as a sand substrate (3"-4" deep) and an adequate amount of live rock for shelter and territory. As known jumpers capable of extreme bursts of speed, they should be housed in an aquarium with a sealed hood or tight-fitting lid in order to prevent escape and injury. They should be added to established aquariums with plenty of water movement, stable conditions, and proper oxygenation. They are a large wrasse species known to be messy eaters (they tend to grab their food and smash it around to break it into smaller pieces) and require efficient biological and mechanical filtration in addition to a quality protein skimmer. Bird Wrasses are aggressive feeders and can show territorial aggression towards other tank mates; they should be housed with other large, semi-aggressive species that can fend for themselves. They can live singly, as a pair, or one male to multiple females, although a group would need a much larger aquarium. They will not harm corals or sessile invertebrates, but they will consume small shrimp, mollusks, echinoderms, and small fish; they are not recommended for a reef environment and should only be kept in large FOWLR systems. Bird Wrasses are carnivores that consume crustaceans, mollusks, small fish, and echinoderms in the wild. Their aquarium diet should consist of a variety of meaty food items such as vitamin-enriched or "gut loaded" live, frozen, and prepared brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, ghost shrimp, chopped krill, chopped crab meat, bloodworms, chopped clams, chopped fish, and other meaty marine foods in addition to quality flakes and pellets intended for carnivores and omnivores. Feed 3 times per day and only what will be consumed within a few minutes. Bird Wrasses are aggressive feeders and care should be taken to make sure other tank mates get their share of food.
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Vermiculite Wrasse
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(Macropharyngodon bipartitus) Expert Peaceful 5" 55 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible The Vermiculite Wrasse is peaceful species with an intricate pattern (especially on the male of the species) that is also commonly referred to as the Blue Star Leopard Wrasse and the Divided Wrasse. The Vermiculite Wrasse gets its name directly from the English word "Vermiculite", but it's based of the prominent markings of a male specimen as described by the Latin "vermiculatus" (of vermis, a worm). Vermiculite Wrasse can be found throughout the coral reefs of the tropical Indo-Pacific, but they are not found within the Rea Sea (the subspecies Macropharyngodon bipartitus marisrubri inhabits the Red Sea). Vermiculite Wrasse are a peaceful that can do well in groups (1 male and 4-6 females) in larger aquariums and they will get along well with other peaceful, community oriented fish species. Vermiculite Wrasse are an extremely sensitive species that are highly specialized and are only recommended for expert hobbyists that can meet all of their needs. Vermiculite Wrasse are usually readily available from local and online retailers alike. Vermiculite Wrasse require a well established aquarium of at least 55 gallons and must be provided with a sand substrate of at least 3" in depth as they burrow at night while they sleep. They also require plenty of live rock for grazing and shelter in addition to adequate water movement. Vermiculite Wrasse are extremely sensitive to water chemistry (a stable sg of 1.021-1.023 is highly recommended) and require high quality biological and mechanical filtration in conjunction with an efficient protein skimmer. As known jumpers, their aquarium should be provided with a sealed hood to prevent escape and injury. They are a peaceful species and will get along well with other community oriented, peaceful marine species; male conspecifics will not get along and if multiple conspecifics are desired, one male can be kept in a larger aquarium (110+ gallons) with 4-6 females (they would ideally be introduced at the same time). They will not harm corals or other sessile invertebrates, but may prey on tiny snails, tiny shrimp, flatworms, and parasitic snails. Vermiculite Wrasse are carnivores that thrive on live zooplankton in the wild. To meet their special needs in the aquarium, they should be provided with a well colonized refugium that can disperse a constant supply of amphipods, copepods, and/or tiny mollusks as well as other live planktonic life. They may accept "gut loaded" live brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and ghost shrimp and should be introduced to chopped krill, bloodworms, chopped crab meat, and chopped clams if regularly accepting the former; Selcon may be added to prepared meaty foods to increase nutrition. Feed 2 to 3 times per day if non-planktonic foods are accepted; otherwise they will graze on live zooplankton at their leisure.
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Mystery Wrasse
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(Pseudocheilinus ocellatus) Moderate Semi-aggressive 4" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible The Mystery Wrasse is one of the most popular, small wrasse species in the aquarium hobby; they make wonderful additions to "nano" systems as well as larger reef aquariums and are often in high demand. Endemic to the deep waters of the Indo-Pacific, Mystery Wrasse are generally found in close proximity to their hiding places among the coral reefs. Due to some of their unique physical characteristics, the Mystery Wrasse has also earned the nicknames of the Tail Spot Wrasse and the Five Bar Wrasse. Mystery Wrasse have a varying pink, purple, to red base coloration with five vertical, white lines on the flanks as well as yellow to orange heads and caudal areas that bleed into their base coloration; They also have a black ocellus spot at the base of the caudal fin that is bordered in white as well as a white band that connects the top of the ocelli from each flank. Mystery Wrasse also have faint, iridescent blue speckling and edging among their translucent fins in addition to various purple to white markings on the face and head. They are generally peaceful with other fish species, but they will quarrel with conspecifics as well as heterospecific tank mates that intrude on their well established territory; for this reason, they are often added to the aquarium last. Mystery Wrasse are an active and playful species that have become extremely popular within the hobby, often making them hard to acquire; although, they can sometimes be special ordered from a local retailer or found online through various vendors. Mystery Wrasse are an exuberant species (once established) that require an aquarium of at least 30 gallons (55+ gallons would be considered ideal) and prefer plenty of unobstructed swimming space as well as plenty of live rock for grazing, hiding, and territory. Although they are considered to be a hardy species, quality biological and mechanical filtration in conjunction with a protein skimmer should be used to help ensure optimal water chemistry. As known jumpers (like most wrasse), their aquarium should be provided with a sealed top or hood system in order to prevent injury or escape. They are an overall peaceful species that will get along well with heterospecific tank mates, although, they should not be housed with conspecifics and should be the last addition to their aquarium environment (once established, they can become territorial with newcomers). Mystery Wrasse make excellent candidates for reef aquariums as they will not harm sessile invertebrates, or larger ornamental shrimp, snails and crabs; however, they may eat small ornamental shrimp and will actively prey on bristleworms, flatworms, and parasitic snails. Mystery Wrasse are carnivores that thrive on tiny crustaceans, zooplankton and other small meaty items in the wild. Their aquarium diet should consist of a well balanced variety of meaty food items such as vitamin-enriched or "gut loaded" live, frozen, and prepared brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, ghost shrimp, chopped krill, chopped crab meat, blood worms, chopped clams, chopped fish, and other meaty marine foods in addition to quality flakes and pellets intended for carnivores and omnivores. Feed 2 to 3 times per day and only what will be consumed within a few minutes.
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Moon Wrasse
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(Thalassoma lunare) Moderate Aggressive 10" 110 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Labridae Wrasse Fish Only The Moon Wrasse is a vividly colorful species that is endemic to the many tropical reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific region. Moon Wrasse, also commonly referred to as Lyretail Wrasse, get their name from the mature form appearance of their crescent moon shaped caudal fins. Moon Wrasse are very popular with experienced hobbyists do to their streamlined, cigar shape as well as the vigorous activity and the bright violet, blue, green to chartreuse, and red coloration they bring to an aquarium. Moon Wrasse are an aggressive species that will actively prey upon invertebrates, crustaceans, mollusks and small fish; therefore they are not considered to be reef compatible and should only be housed with other aggressive and large fish species within a FOWLR environment. The Moon Wrasse should be the last addition to an aquarium as it infamous for terrorizing new tank mates. As a popular species, the Moon Wrasse is readily available in the hobby and can be purchased locally or through an online retailer. Moon Wrasse are extremely active and prefer to constantly zip around the water column; they require an aquarium of no less than 110 gallons (150+ gallons would be ideal) and need to be provided with plenty of open, unobstructed swimming space in addition to moderate to strong water movement. They should also be provided with plenty of live rock to utilize as shelter and territory. Because they are a larger, predatory fish species and have a fast metabolism, they can have a large biological impact in an aquarium environment and require strong, efficient biological and mechanical filtration used in conjunction with a quality protein skimmer to ensure healthy and stable water conditions. Like most wrasse species, Moon Wrasse are well known to be jumpers and should be housed in a sealed enclosure with a tight fitting lid to prevent escape and injury. Tank mates should be considered carefully with this species as they will become territorial (once established) and will not show any mercy to newcomers that infringe upon their space. They should be added to an aquarium as the last fish specimen and should be housed with other aggressive species that are too large to become food and will not put up with bullying of any kind. Ideal for FOWLR system, this species is not considered to be reef compatible as they will eat smaller fish along with invertebrates, crustaceans, and mollusks (the entire cleaning crew). Moon Wrasse are carnivores that generally feed upon benthic invertebrates, crustaceans, zooplankton, small fish, fish eggs, mollusks, and other meaty treats within their natural environment. Their aquarium diet should consist of a well balanced variety of meaty food items such as live, frozen, and prepared (preferably vitamin-enriched or "gut loaded") brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, ghost shrimp, krill, crab meat, blood worms, silver sides, squid, chopped clams, small fish, chopped fish, and other meaty marine food items. They will also accept a variety of high quality flake or pellet foods for carnivores and omnivores. Feed 2 to 3 times per day and only what will be consumed within a few minutes.
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Harlequin Tuskfish
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(Choerodon fasciatus) Moderate Semi-aggressive 10" 110 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Northern Australia Labridae Wrasse Fish Only Harlequin Tuskfish, also commonly referred to as the Harlequin Tusk and Harlequin Tusk Wrasse, are a brilliantly colored, large wrasse species endemic to the reefs throughout Northern Australia and the tropical Indo-Pacific. Harlequin Tuskfish get their name from a combination of their harlequinesque coloration and their protruding blue teeth (tusks). The Harlequin Tuskfish is a curious species that is well equipped to defend itself as well as punch its "tusks" into invertebrates and crustaceans when hungry. Despite its name, the Harlequin Tuskfish is a gentle species and will generally get along well with similar sized, heterospecific tank mates, but they are known to show territorial aggression towards other Tuskfish in their aquarium. Harlequin Tuskfish are an extremely beautiful, head-turning species that is ideal for large FOWLR aquariums; they can sometimes be pricey, but are usually readily available within the hobby via local and online retailers alike. Harlequin Tuskfish should be housed in an aquarium of at least 110 gallons and provided with plenty of live rock utilized to form a large cave for them. In addition, they also appreciate a sandy substrate as well as moderate water movement. Their aquarium should be equipped with efficient biological and mechanical filtration as well as a quality protein skimmer. Like other wrasse species, Harlequin Tuskfish can be jumpers and require a system with a sealed top or tight fitting lid to prevent escape and injury. Finding tank mates for them is relatively easy, they can pretty much be housed with any species that is not another Tuskfish or so small that it looks appetizing (e.g.; small Gobies and Damsels). Large triggers or angelfish may initially harass them if they are the newcomer to an established system, but they will be fine and settle in as long as they are getting enough food. Because of their voracious appetite for invertebrates and crustaceans, they are usually avoided by most reef hobbyists, being more ideal for a large FOWLR environment. Harlequin Tuskfish are carnivores that feed upon a wide array of invertebrates, crustaceans, and small fish in the wild. In the aquarium, they are not picky eaters and their diet should consist of a wide variety of meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched, live, frozen, and prepared brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, ghost shrimp, krill, blood worms, chopped crab meat, chopped fish, and other meaty marine foods. They will also readily accept quality flakes and pellets for carnivores and omnivores. Feed 2 to 3 times per day and only what will be consumed within a few minutes.
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Cleaner Wrasse
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(Labroides dimidiatus) Moderate Peaceful 5" 55 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible Cleaner Wrasse are a very popular, streamlined species with a simple, but attractive coloration on a cigar shaped body. Cleaner Wrasse are endemic to the warm, tropical reefs of the Indo-Pacific and are appreciated by most fish species that they encounter. Cleaner Wrasse get their name from their eating habits; they mainly feed on parasitic organisms which they continuously groom from other fish. Their color form varies by location, but they are generally a combination of varying shades of blue, silver, black, and sometimes tan to yellow. Cleaner Wrasse are naturally peaceful and may coexist well with a wide variety of other marine species. Cleaner Wrasse are quite popular within the hobby and are usually readily available through local and online retailers. Cleaner Wrasse require an established aquarium of at least 55 gallons and they prefer open swimming space in addition to plenty of live rock for grazing and shelter. They should also be provided with a live sand substrate where they can sift for benthic zooplankton. They are generally a hardy species (once established), but should be provided with quality biological and mechanical filtration in conjunction with a protein skimmer. Wrasse are known jumpers and their aquarium should be equipped with a sealed hood system in order to prevent injury or escape. They are a peaceful species that will get along well with other peaceful tank mates; many more aggressive fish tolerate them due to the cleaning services they provide. Cleaner Wrasse will do well in a reef or FOWLR environment as they will not harm coral species, sponges, or larger ornamental shrimp species. Cleaner Wrasse are carnivores that mainly feed on parasites and zooplankton in the wild. In the aquarium, they will try to groom other fish for food, but can be supplemented with live planktonic life via grazing on live rock, live sand, and the addition to a colonized refugium. They may also accept live brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, black worms, and ghost shrimp as well as finely chopped or prepared meaty marine foods such as blood worms, krill, clams, and crab meat. Selcon may be used to further enhance the nutritional value and vitamin content of prepared foods. Feed 3 times per day and only what will be consumed within a few minutes.
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Six Line Wrasse
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(Pseudocheilinus hexataenia) Easy Semi-Aggressive 4" 30 gallons 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.0-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible The Six Line Wrasse is a popular is a popular Wrasse species among marine aquarists keeping either reef aquariums or FOWLR community aquariums. Six Line Wrasse have very vibrant coloration with 6 distinct blue horizontal blue lines over top of a base orange body with a green tail fin. Six Line Wrasse are more than just a colorful fish species, but a very active species as well. They will spend much of their time swimming about the aquarium darting in and out of rocky caves and crevices looking for small food items on which to prey. Their active swimming style makes them almost as popular with marine aquarium hobbyists as their vibrant coloration. In the wild Six Line Wrasse live in and around reefs and rocky outcrops throughout the Indo-Pacific all the way to Fiji. Six Line Wrasse are considered a "reef safe" Wrasse species, that is unlikely to bother most corals. They will generally spend their time hunting for small micro faunae, small crustaceans, flatworms or bristle worms. It is their propensity for eating bristle worms that has made them a sought after species for may aquarists who are trying to keep bristle worm populations in check. While generally a peaceful species, Six Line Wrasse will show aggression towards other of their own kind (unless a mated pair) and other similarly sized and shaped fish species. They are much more likely to show aggression towards others if the aquarium does not have enough live rock to provide them a suitable territory and hunting ground. It is best to keep this species with plenty of live rock and horizontal swimming room, so that they can patrol a suitable territory and limit aggression towards others. The Six Line Wrasse also benefits from the presence of a refugium, as a strong population of copepods, amphipods and other micro faunae will provide them an excellent food source and curb aggression. Like most Wrasse, the Six Line Wrasse is quite capable of defending itself against larger more boisterous species as its speed and maneuverability make it a difficult species to pick on or bully. Six Line Wrasse are very active feeders that will generally spend the majority of the day cruising up and down the reef looking for food items on which to feed. In an aquarium with a sufficient population of micro faunae, the Six Line Wrasse will need only supplemental feedings of various meaty foods. Their overall diet should consist of a variety of meaty items including: vitamin enriched meaty frozen preparations, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp or flake or pellet foods formulated for carnivores.
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