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Powder Blue Tang
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(Acanthurus leucosternon) Moderate Semi-aggressive 10" 90 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Powder Blue Tang is a prized fish species within the aquarium hobby because of its unique and striking coloration. However, this species is best suited for reef aquariums and moderate to advanced aquarists with an established aquarium. Powder Blue Tangs require excellent water conditions and plenty of live rock for algae grazing opportunities. While this is a peaceful community species it is very aggressive towards other similar shaped tang species, unless kept in a very large aquarium with lots of live rock. At first it is best to provide plenty of marine algae, seaweed, romaine or green leaf lettuce or similar items to help get the Powder Blue Tang feeding comfortably, and over time they will accept mysid shrimp, brine shrimp and even meaty flaked foods. Powder Blue Tangs are most coveted for their light powder blue color that dominates most of their body. Their face is a darker blue to black color with a vibrate yellow dorsal fin that extends from just behind the eye all the way to the tail fin. The underside of their body is accented with white markings below their mouth, anal fin and tail fin. Powder Blue Tangs reach a fairly large size of 10 inches and require a good sized aquarium (90 gallons or larger) to provide them adequate swimming room. Powder Blue Tangs are excellent algae eaters and will spend much of their time grazing the live rock in the aquarium for algae. This species is aggressive towards other Tang species in the aquarium environment, much more so than most other tang species. To keep this species with other Tang species it is best to have a large aquarium with plenty of live rock, and introduce them together as juveniles if possible. Powder Blue Tangs make excellent additions to most reef aquariums, as they are peaceful with other tank mates, with the exception of other tangs, and keep excess algae to a minimum. This species is somewhat susceptible to parasitic outbreaks, thus the use of a UV sterilizer and a quality diet of marine algae and seaweed are recommended to keep the Powder Blue Tang healthy and disease free. Powder Blue Tangs require a lot of marine algae and seaweed in their diet for them to be healthy and maintain a proper immune system. While they will also consume meaty flake and frozen foods, the majority of their diet should come from algae and herbivore preparations. Vegetable matter, dried seaweed and other herbivore preparations will strengthen their immune system and also help reduce their overall aggression towards other tank mates.
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Sailfin Tang
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(Zebrasoma veliferum) Moderate Peaceful 15" 125 gallons 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Indo-Pacific, Coral Sea, Fiji Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible Sailfin Tang's originate from the warm waters of the Indo-Pacific ocean and Coral Sea where they are found living near coral reefs and rocky outcrops. Sailfin Tang's are part of the popular Zebrasoma family of Surgeon fish that over the years have been very popular within the aquarium hobby. Sailfin Tangs change in both color and shape between their juvenile and adult forms, in the juvenile stage their body is a medium brown color with stripes that are a bright yellow color, with some of the bright yellow color distributed through its fins, tail, and nose. When in the adult stage the body is a brownish-olive color, and the yellow stripes turn a pale yellow, with a golden yellow tail. As with other Zebrasoma Tangs, the Sailfin Tang should not be kept with others of its own kind or other Zebrasoma Tangs unless kept in groups of 4 or more specimens in a large aquarium of 200 gallons or more. While it is possible from time to time to keep this species with other Zebrasoma Tangs in smaller numbers or smaller quarters, more often than not this will lead to a lot of fighting and the likely loss of one or more specimens. Sailfin Tangs are suitable for both reef aquariums and FOWLR aquariums with similarly sized species and species of similar temperament. Sailfin Tangs can grow to upwards of 15 inches in length, thus require a large aquarium that provides them plenty of swimming room along with large caves or rocky overhangs to retreat to when they feel threatened. It is best to keep this species in a 125 gallon or larger 6 foot plus long aquarium in order to provide them plenty of room to move about. They do well with a large variety of fish species ranging from small Gobies and Clownfish all the way to larger more aggressive species like full size Angelfish or Triggerfish. Sailfin Tangs can also be safely kept with most corals and invertebrates without problems. They will most often exhibit a lot of aggression towards others of the Zebrasoma family, thus should be kept as the only Zebrasoma Tang or in a medium to large group of Zebrasoma Tangs ( 4 or more). They should be provided with plenty of live rock to provide territory, provide supplemental feeding opportunities and provide shelter for sleeping and retreating to safety. As Sailfin Tangs reach a relatively large size of 15 inches, they should be kept in aquariums with strong biological and chemical filtration to handle the relatively large bio-load and provide excellent water conditions. In the wild the Sailfin Tang's diet will consist mainly of marine algae and seaweed, with meaty foods making up the remainder of their diet. Sailfin Tangs adjust well to aquarium life, where they will easily accept staple aquarium foods like flake food, shrimp, Nori (sheets of dried kelp), dried seaweed, frozen preparations and much more. Once they are fully established within the aquarium environment they will eat just about anything. However, as Tangs are herbivores it is very important that a large portion of their diet is from greens, seaweed or other vegetable matter in order to help them maintain a healthy immune system and limit aggression with tank mates.
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Naso Tang
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(Naso lituratus) Moderate Peaceful 18" 125 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Hawaii Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible Naso Tangs are a popular Tang species that can be found from Hawaii westward through the Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean to the the western coast of Africa and the Red Sea. The Red Sea Naso Tang is also commonly referred to as the Blonde Naso even though it has the same scientific name of . The Blonde Naso Tang has the same temperament and aquarium requirements, but varies in appearance with a lighter gray colored body and some color variations on its fins and accent markings. Naso Tangs are a very popular because of their vibrant personalities, and their inquisitive nature towards their owners. Over time, they will become very friendly towards their owners, coming to the front glass to meet them and becoming tame enough to hand feed. Naso Tangs do grow to a large size (18 inches) and require lots of grazing opportunities, thus do best in large FOWLR or reef aquariums with plenty of live rock. Naso Tangs have a gray body that can vary from light to dark gray in color, sometimes almost black in color. The forehead has a patch of bright yellow, with a yellow accented line that extends from below the eye to the area behind its mouth. The lips are a bright orange color and the forehead has a dark gray to black area outlined in yellowish accents. The dorsal fin is a bright blue at the base, then a black band followed by a yellow band, that then ends with a white band along the outer margin. The anal fin is brownish orange at the base, turning to a brighter orange, with the outer margin trimmed in white. The tail has a crescent shaped border that is white inside, changing to a pale yellow color on the outside edge, with the male having long, streamer-like pennants that extend off the top and bottom tips of the tail. The Naso has two very sharp, razor-like caudal spines on each side of the tail that are surrounded by a bright orange area. Extreme caution should be used when handling this particular species, as these spines can cut a persons hand very deeply causing a very painful wound. Naso Tangs are one of the larger Tang species found in the aquarium trade, growing approximately 18 inches in length. They are primarily herbivores, but will eat a variety of foods over time. They do well when kept in large aquariums (125 gallons or larger) and are suitable tank mates for most any peaceful or semi-aggressive fish or invertebrate species, with the exception of other similarly shaped tang species. They should be provided with plenty of live rock for grazing and protection, along with open swimming areas suitable for a fish of their size. Initially they will need plenty of brown/red algae, seaweed select or equivalent foodstuffs; however, over time they will accept a variety of herbivore and meaty preparations. Naso Tangs make excellent addition to reef, fish-only, fish only with live rock and even aggressive species aquariums (when they are adult sized) and will not harm other fish species, crustaceans or corals. Naso Tangs are also known for being becoming very tame with time and enjoying attention from their owners including being hand fed. Naso Tangs in the wild will generally eat marine algae and seaweed exclusively; however, in the aquarium environment they will generally accept a variety of foods. The bulk of their diet should consist of marine algae, seaweed and other forms of vegetable matter in order to properly maintain their immune system and overall health. Proper nutrition will also reduce aggression in Tang species towards their tank mates. Suitable vegetable matter for this species include: marine algae (brown and green), seaweed, frozen or flake vegetable preparations, spirulina, sea veggies, seaweed salad or equivalent products along with fresh romaine or green leaf lettuce. After they are acclimated to aquarium life, Naso Tangs will also accept other meaty foods as well, but the bulk of their nutrition should come from herbivore preparations.
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Yellow Tang
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(Zebrasoma flavescens) Easy Semi-aggressive 8" 55 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible Yellow Tangs are an extremely popular fish within the marine aquarium hobby, due to their brilliant coloration and hardiness. Yellow Tangs are also sometimes referred to as the Yellow Hawaiian Tang, Yellow Sailfin Tang, or Yellow Surgeonfish. Yellow Tangs make an excellent addition to either fish only or reef aquariums, and can be kept with very gentle or aggressive species. A 55 gallon or larger aquarium is recommended for keeping the Yellow Tang, as they can become quite large with age, reaching sizes of around 8 inches in the aquarium environment. Although Yellow Tangs are not an aggressive species, they are aggressive towards others of its own species or other Zebrasoma species of Tangs. However, Yellow Tangs can be kept in groups of 4 or more specimens or a mix of Yellow Tangs and other Zebrasoma species if kept in groups of 4 or more. When this species is kept in groups or schools (4 or more) it will not display the same territorial behavior (which will most likely lead to the death of one of the fish) that it will exhibit if kept in a pair or small group. Yellow Tangs are not surprisingly a brilliant bright yellow color, with a small white area at the base of their tail fin being the only other color exhibited. Yellow Tangs get much of their beauty from their unique shape as well as their bright coloration. Yellow Tangs have a unique snout shaped face that they use for grazing on marine algae and plants. Their bodies are nearly as tall as they are long, with a tall sail-fin on top the when fully extended gives them a very impressive look. Yellow Tangs will do very well in any aquarium 55 gallons or larger and can be kept with a large variety of species and aquarium setups. Yellow Tangs can only be kept with other similarly shaped tangs and other Yellow Tangs if they are kept in groups of 4 or more. Keeping less than 4 of this species in the same tank will cause territorial fighting that will often lead to the death of one of the fish. Therefore, Yellow Tangs are either kept as a single Zebrasoma Tang species per tank or in groups of 4 or larger. Yellow Tangs can be kept with smaller species or even with larger more aggressive species such as groupers and triggers. Yellow Tangs also make a great addition to any reef aquarium, as they will not harm corals or invertebrates. They should be provided with a good amount of rock work or live rock in order for them to be able to graze on algae and provide them with hiding places when they feel threatened. Although Yellow Tangs will eat a variety of meaty foods ranging from flake and brine shrimp to meaty frozen preparations, it is important that they are offered plenty of marine based seaweed and algae. This will strengthen their immune system, reduce aggression and improve their overall health. In the wild green stuffs and algae make up a large part of the Yellow Tangs diet and is necessary for their immune system to function properly. Yellow Tangs should be offered dried seaweed, romaine lettuce, green leaf lettuce or other items such as Sea Veggies tied to a rock or with a lettuce clip, 2 to 3 times a week.
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Atlantic Blue Tang
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(Acanthurus coeruleus) Easy Peaceful 10" 150 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Caribbean Sea, Western Atlantic Ocean Acanthuridae Tangs / Surgeonfish Reef Compatible Atlantic Blue Tangs are found in coastal waters and shallow reefs throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea from Florida down to Bonaire and Aruba. They live amongst the coral reefs and inshore reef slopes found near the coasts of southern Florida, Mexico, Central American and the ABC Islands (Aruba, Bonaire & Curacoa). Juveniles have a bright yellow colored body with a brilliant blue coloration on the tips of the caudal and anal fins. During their transition phase from their juvenile coloration to their adult coloration, they very from a mixed yellow and light blue to a more uniform light blue coloration with darker blue striping. As an adult, the Atlantic Blue Tang takes on a deep blue color with light blue striping on their body and finnage. They are prolific algae grazers who graze on algae almost continuously throughout the day. They will feed on algae growing on the reefs in which they inhabit and algae growing on large fish and sea turtles. In eating the algae off the bodies and shells of larger fish and turtles, the Atlantic Blue Tangs serves as a cleaner species for larger predators. The Atlantic Blue Tang is a very active swimmer, as they spend most of their time cruising long stretches of the reef in search of algae on which to graze. They will form sizable groups of individuals who school together as they search for algae and macro-algae marine plants on which to feed. In the wild Atlantic Blue Tangs live in large groups or schools of fish who move about the reef and reef slopes foraging on algae, macro-algae plants and cleaning algae from larger open water fish and sea turtles. Despite being a schooling fish, their eventual size combined with the average marine aquarium size, means that the average hobbyist will not be able to keep a school of these fish. Atlantic Blue Tangs will settle in nicely with other Tang species commonly found within the aquarium hobby if given plenty of open swimming room and plenty of algae to graze on. Unlike many of the Tang species reef hobbyists often keep, the Atlantic Blue Tang will not be happy in smaller reef aquariums or cube aquariums. They need significant room to swim with a 6 foot long aquarium being a good starting point. Ideally this species should be kept in something closer to a 180 gallon aquarium or larger. However, if given adequate swimming space and plenty of marine based algae and plant matter, they will happily share their aquarium both with other Tang species and other reef fish ranging from Chromis to Large Angelfish. As with most Tangs it is better to either keep a single Tang of each body shape or to keep 6 more Tangs so that no single fish tries to claim the entire aquarium as their territory. The Atlantic Blue Tang will also appreciate plenty of variable or laminar water flow, which will help simulate the shallow reefs and reefs slopes that they commonly inhabit in the wild. Wavemakers or modern powerheads with flow controllers are excellent methods to provide laminar water flow within the aquarium. As a herbivore, the Atlantic Blue Tangs diet should consist mostly of marine based algae and plant matter. While they will also consume some meaty foods, the majority of their diet should consist of algae, seaweed and commercial foods designed for marine herbivores. A diet consisting of too little marine algae and plant matter will weaken their immune system due to a lack of essential vitamins and minerals in their diet. Improper diets will also lead to increased aggression, poor coloration and increased risk of disease. Atlantic Blue Tangs should be provided plenty of grazing opportunities, which can be achieved by having plenty of live rock being present in the aquarium or via the addition of algae or plant matter introduced into the aquarium via a veggie clip or similar fashion. In addition to grazing on marine algae, they should be offered prepared herbivore foods 2 to 3 times per day. Atlantic Blue Tangs are more prolific grazers than the average Tang; therefore, they are only recommended for larger well established aquariums where there are plenty of algae grazing opportunities.
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Achilles Tang
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(Acanthurus achilles) Expert Peaceful 8" 90 gallons 72-78° F; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 dKH 8-12 Herbivore Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Achilles Tang (Achilles Surgeonfish) is very popular within the hobby for both its unique coloration and pattern; as well as, its ability to consume large amounts of marine algae. This species is best suited for larger FOWLR and reef aquariums that have plenty of live rock and ample open swimming areas. Although Achilles Tangs are commonly found in Hawaiian waters, all the way southward to central Polynesia and westward through Micronesia and Melanesia, there appearance is consistent throughout their entire range. This species is generally for expert aquarists, as they require excellent water quality, a large aquarium and plenty of marine algae and vegetable matter in their diet. The Achilles Tang has a black body and fins, that are accented by white and orange. The gill flaps, dorsal, tail and anal fins are accented in white along the edges with orange accents along the fins where they connect to the body. The body has the trademark orange mark just before the tail fin and a larger orange area located on the tail fin. Achilles Tangs do best in large aquariums (100 gallons or larger) with plenty of live rock and open swimming areas. In the wild, this species spends much of its time grazing on marine algae, and will do best in an aquarium with plenty of live rock to graze on throughout the day. While this species is peaceful towards most other fish species, it is aggressive towards other similar shaped tang species. When collecting this fish, the larger specimens have a nasty habit of "crashing" the net, which means that it swims full force into it, then flails around, up and down the net, stripping the skin off the area of their mouth. When purchasing this fish look closely at the nose area for any damage as any raw or open sore areas on the face or body can be a site for potential infection. Achilles Tangs make excellent additions to reef aquariums as they have peaceful dispositions, are good around corals and will keep algae under control. The Achilles Tang is a herbivore and will require a diet consisting of marine algae and frozen or freeze-dried herbivore preparations. In nature the Achilles Tang grazes on marine algae constantly during the day, thus it does best in aquariums with plenty of live rock to provide grazing opportunities. Although they will eat meaty items in the aquarium environment, they will require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet to maintain their immune system and reduce aggression. Their diet can also be supplemented with romaine lettuce, green leaf, dried seaweed or similar marine vegetable products such as Sea Veggies or Seaweed Salad.
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Whitecheek Tang
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(Acanthurus nigricans) Moderate Peaceful 8" 70 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Western Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Whitecheek Tang or as it is also commonly referred to as within the aquarium hobby as the Gold-rimmed Surgeonfish or Whitecheek Surgeonfish is brilliantly colored fish with a blue-purple body and light blue and yellow highlights. While this species is very attractive, it requires highly oxygenated, clean, stable water conditions to do well in the home aquarium. This species should be kept by medium to advanced marine aquarists with large established aquariums. When properly housed and fed, this species is certainly a showpiece fish with its attractive size, shape and brilliant coloration. The Whitecheek Tang has a purplish-blue body with a small white mark on the cheek between the mouth and eyes. The pectoral, anal, and dorsal fins are dark blue with bright blue highlights at the tip. The tail is a light blue color with a yellow stripe and a darker blue color at the end. A yellow striping runs along the body, against the anal and dorsal fins, forming a distinctive wishbone-shaped marking. Whitecheek Tangs are the domain of the moderate to advanced marine aquarist with a large established aquarium. Even though the minimum tank size for this species is 70 gallons, they do best in larger aquariums that have very stable water conditions. Whitecheek Tangs are more prone to diseases than many other tang species, thus do best in large aquariums with clean, highly oxygenated water and very stable water conditions. It is best to keep this species in an aquarium with plenty of swimming room and lots of live rock to provide plenty of grazing opportunities; as well as, to provide them large caves or crevices to retreat to when they feel threatened. It is recommended to add Whitecheek Tangs to established aquariums only, those that are 1 year or older with an established biological and chemical filtration system. A proper marine herbivore diet will keep the immune system of this species strong and help prevent diseases, and will help curb some of its aggressive nature. The Whitecheek Tang is a peaceful community species, but is territorial towards similar shaped tang species. Therefore, it is best to keep this species as the only tang in the aquarium or with 4 or more tangs, assuming you have a large enough aquarium, which will generally prevent them from becoming overly aggressive of territory. Whitecheek Tang are primarily herbivores, thus require a diet of marine algae, Spirulina, dried seaweed and other vegetable items like green leaf lettuce or romaine lettuce. While they are herbivores, they will some meaty items in the aquarium environment; however, meaty items should make up a very small percentage of their diet. Ideally it is best to provide lots of live rock to allow the Whitecheek Tang plenty of opportunities to graze on marine algae.
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Lieutenant Tang
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(Acanthurus tennenti) Moderate Peaceful 12" 150 gallons 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Sri Lanka, Indo-Pacific, Red Sea Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Lieutenant Tang (Acanthurus tennenti) is a popular Surgeonfish species among large reef aquarium hobbyists, as they are renown for their ability to consume large quantities of marine algae including hair algae. They reach a fairly large size of 10 to 12 inches in length, which combined with their active swimming style makes them only suitable for larger marine aquariums of 150 gallons or more. Lieutenant Tangs are commonly sold within the aquarium hobby under a variety of common names including: Doublebanded Surgeonfish, Vampire Surgeonfish, Tennenti Tang and Spinecircle Tang. Lieutenant Tangs coloration changes drastically as they mature from a juvenile to an adult. Juveniles are primarily a yellowish gold color, while adults exhibit a more complex blue, white, orange and black color pattern that is most commonly seen in Lieutenant Tang (Acanthurus tennenti) photos. Lieutenant Tangs do well with other Tang / Surgeonfish species and should not show aggression toward other species unless poorly fed or if housed in an aquarium that is much too small for them. While the Lieutenant Tang reaches only 12 inches in length, it is an active swimming species that needs plenty of swimming room in addition to live rock caves and formations. They do well in both reef and FOWLR aquariums 150 gallons in size or larger. Juvenile specimens can certainly be kept in smaller aquariums;however, as an adult the Lieutenant Tang will require plenty of room within the aquarium. Lieutenant Tangs are especially sought after for large reef aquariums where they work to keep excess algae growth in check, while not bothering delicate corals or smaller peaceful reef fish. They can be kept with other Tang species, but they should only be kept with similarly shaped Surgeonfish in large aquariums that can provide adequate territory for each. Like all Surgeonfish and Tangs, the Lieutenant Tang prefers plenty of varied water current and turbulence. In addition to good water current, the Lieutenant Tang needs high levels of dissolved oxygen and clean water with low nitrates. In the wild, Lieutenant Tangs spend their day swimming around on the reef in search of marine algae and meaty bits of food they can find. Their diet should consist primarily of marine based algae and plant matter, with only a small portion of their diet being made up of meaty foods. If underfed, it is not uncommon for Tangs to pick at large polyp stony corals. It is recommended to feed dried marine algae (Nori), Spirulina Flakes, frozen mysis shrimp, high quality herbivore flakes and other similar foods. Tangs quite easily adjust to captive diets and will eventually eat a wide variety of foods including flake and pellet foods. It is recommended to soak flake food in some type of vitamin supplement like Selcon or a garlic supplement in order to help the fish fight off any possible parasite infestation and offer balanced nutrition. Feed 2 to 3 times a day an amount of food that the fish will consume within a few minutes. Seaweed, sheets of marine algae or vegetables like romaine lettuce or green leaf lettuce should be provided for grazing on 3 to 4 times per week.
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Kole Tang
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(Ctenochaetus strigosus) Moderate Peaceful 7" 65 Gallons Yes 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Hawaii, Western Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible Kole Tangs are one of the more popular species of Tang among marine fish and reef hobbyists due to their peaceful nature and algae consumption. Kole Tangs are found under a variety of names within the hobby including: Yelloweye Kole Tang, Yelloweye Bristletooth, Goldring Bristletooth, Goldring Surgeonfish and Yelloweye Surgeonfish. Their voracious appetite for algae makes the Kole Tang a highly sought after species for reef aquariums where excess algae growth needs to be kept at a minimum. The peaceful disposition of the Kole Tang makes them a solid addition to both community FOWLR and reef aquariums, as there is very little chance that they will squabble with other tank mates. However, Kole Tangs will be territorial towards others of its own kind or very close relatives unless kept in a very large aquarium. They will do fine in large aquariums where there is enough room to house a group of Tangs. Kole Tangs are at risk of being bullied by more aggressive Tang species unless housed in larger aquariums (200 gallons or more) where there is either adequate territory or a group of Tangs to spread out aggression. The moderate size, active swimming, attractive coloration, peaceful nature and algae consumption make the Kole Tang an excellent species for both the reef and FOWLR aquarium setup. Kole Tangs do well in a variety of marine aquarium environments, with nano reefs and aggressive predator setups being the only exceptions. Ideally aquariums housing Kole Tangs should contain plenty of live rock and an ample amount of swimming room. Live rock allows the Kole Tang to graze on algae growth between feedings, which they do throughout the day in their natural habitat. Their algae consumption is an added benefit to reef keepers, as the Kole Tang can consume algae in tight spaces without damaging corals or sessile invertebrates. Kole Tangs adapt very well to the aquarium environment, quickly adjusting to prepared foods and getting along well with most all tank mates. They should only be kept with other Kole Tangs or similar species of Tangs if the aquarium is large enough to support a group of Tangs consisting of 4 or more individuals. Kole Tangs should be added before more aggressive Tang species in order to give them time to establish themselves in the aquarium. They should be offered additional feedings of dried marine algae or plant matter like green leaf lettuce or romaine lettuce via a veggie clip feeder multiple times per week. As a herbivore, the Kole Tangs diet should be mostly made up of marine based algae and plant matter. While they will also consume some meaty foods, the majority of their diet should consist of algae, seaweed and commercial foods designed for marine herbivores. A diet consisting of too little marine algae and plant matter will weaken the Kole Tangs immune system due to a lack of essential vitamins and minerals in their diet. Improper diets will lead to increased aggression, poor coloration and increased risk of disease. Kole Tangs should be provided plenty of grazing opportunities, which can be achieved with plenty of live rock being present in the aquarium or via the addition of algae or plant matter introduced into the aquarium via a veggie clip or similar fashion. In addition to grazing on marine algae, the Kole Tang should be offered prepared herbivore foods 2 to 3 times per day.
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Scopas Tang
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(Zebrasoma scopas) Moderate Peaceful 12" 75 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Central and South Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Scopas Tang is a member of the genus Zebramosa, which is a part of the Tang/Surgeonfish family most notable known for their tail sail like body/fins and elongated snout. They are very popular within the aqaurium hobby because of their unique shape/color and their propensity for consuming nuisance algae from within the aquarium. Their elongated snout enables this species to reach filamentous and other nuisance algae from crevices in the live rock. Scopas Tangs are widespread throughout the Indo-Pacific from Africa to Japan, where they live either solitary or as a mated pair never far from the safety of the reef. In some situations Scopas Tangs can also be found living in large groups of mixed Zebramosa Tangs. They are generally found in lagoons and corals reefs in depths ranging from 3 to 60 feet. This species does well in the aquarium environment, especially when kept in a large well-lit reef-like aquarium with plenty of live rock. Juvenile Scopas Tangs have dorsal and anal fins that are tall in comparison to their young body, with thin white vertical lines that traverse the body. They have many characteristics that resemble juvenile Sailfin Tangs (X. Desjadinii). Adult Scopas Tangs can reach around 12" in length with highly variable adult coloration. They can vary from specimens that are light gray, yellow or white fading to brown, to specimens that are almost completely black in color. Scopas Tangs often change color within the aquarium environment, where they can fluctuate from a mostly yellow color with small areas of black, to body that is half brown and half yellow. These color fluctuations occur over periods of time and are more likely to to occur as younger specimens age. Scopas Tangs are often sought after by reef aquarists as they are excellent algae grazers and can keep excess algae in the aquarium to a minimum. Their long snout enables Scopas Tangs (Zebrasoma tangs in general) to reach filamentous algae in reef interstices and crevices that are out of the reach of other algae eating fish species. While not as flashy as many of the other Tang species commonly found within the marine aquarium hobby, the Scopas Tangs unique appearance and aquarium utility has made it a staple in the hobby. Scopas Tangs are more territorial than most Tang/Surgeonfish species; therefore, they should be kept singularly or in a very large aquarium with many other Zebramosa Tangs to moderate their territorial aggression. While they are very territorial towards other Zebramosa Tangs (species with a similar shape), they get along well with other shaped tang species (ex. Regal Tang, Naso Tang) and other community fish species. It is important that their diet consist of plenty of plant and algae material to provide them a proper diet that will help maintain their immune system and limit their territorial aggression. Scopas Tangs should be kept in aquariums with plenty of live rock to provide them with algae grazing opportunities and places to hide when they feel threatened. Scopas Tangs should be fed a varied diet consisting of mostly marine vegetable matter and some vitamin enriched meaty foods. Vegetable preparations should contain marine algae, spirulina, or other green and brown marine algae. Scopas Tangs will also readily consume greens such as romaine lettuce, zucchini, broccoli or green leaf lettuce. Flake or frozen herbivore preparations that are fortified with vitamins and minerals also make great additions to this species staple diet. Scopas Tangs should be fed 3 times a day and provided with fresh vegetables a couple times a week.
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