Categories
Purple Tang
1 like Tangs
(Zebrasoma xanthurum) Moderate Semi-aggressive 10" 75 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Omnivore Red Sea Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Purple Tang is a very attractive Zebrasoma Tang species with a deep rich purple/blue body with bright yellow accents on its pectoral and anal fins. Purple Tangs are most commonly seen in reef and FOWLR aquariums, but can also do well as adults in a variety of aquarium environments including some aggressive species tanks. While the Puple Tang is more aggressive than many of the other Zebrasoma Tang species, it is not overly aggressive and with proper diet and a large aquarium can be kept successfully with the vast majority of marine fish species commonly available within the hobby. This is a rather expensive species that is best suited for moderate to advanced marine aquarium hobbyists. Purple Tangs have a circular shaped body with large dorsal and anal fins, like all Zebrasoma tangs. When the fins are fully extended, the height of these fish is roughly equal to their length. Like all of the Sailfin Tangs, the Purple Tangs have a slightly extended snout and eyes that are set high on their head. As their name would indicate,the body is a beautiful purple to dark blue color, while the caudal fin is a bright yellow, there are also very small black spots on the head and the front portion of the body extending onto the adjacent fins, and black scribbled horizontal lines on the rest of the body and fins with the exception of the caudal fin. There is also a yellow accent on the edge of the pectoral fins. On each side of the caudal peduncle is a single spine or “scalpel” used for defense or dominating other fish. When not in use these spines are folded down into a groove along the side of the body (Caution should be exercised when handling this species,as a cut from its scalpel can cause discoloration and swelling of the skin with a high risk of infection). Adults can reach up to about 10 inches (25 cm), but captive specimens are generally smaller up to about 8 or 9 inches (22 cm). Purple Tangs do very well in a variety of aquarium setups including reef aquariums, fish-only w/ live rock and predator tanks (if the purple tang is of mature size). This species is generally only aggressive towards other species of Zebrasoma tangs (those with a similar shape), but can be kept with others of their own kind if kept in groups of 4 or more. While the Purple Tang may too boisterous for very timid species, it can basically be kept successfully with the vast majority of species available within the marine aquarium hobby. Purple Tangs need an aquarium of at least 70 gallons to accommodate their adult size of around 10 inches. They will also need live rock or similar aquascaping to provide them with shelter in the form of caves and crevices, along with an additional food source of algae which they can graze on. Purple Tangs can be kept with most invertebrates including most forms of corals commonly available within the trade. They require good water conditions and a balanced diet of both meaty and vegetable material to insure their immune system is strong. Poor water and/or diet can cause lateral line disease as well as an increased level of aggression towards their tank mates. Moderate to advanced hobbyists should have few if any problems keeping this species in a properly sized aquarium. It is also important to note that this species should not be netted if possible, as they have sharp spines on either side of their body near their gill flap which can become stuck in an aquarium net. Purple Tangs will eat a variety of foods in the aquarium environment, ranging from flake and frozen meaty foods to herbivore preparations like seaweed and fresh greens. While this species will readily consume meaty foods including: mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, marine flake and krill, they should also be fed plenty of vegetable matter in their everyday diet. Marine seaweed and fresh greens like romaine lettuce and green leaf lettuce along with frozen herbivore preparations like formula 1 & formula 2 along with grazing on algae within the aquarium, will provide much needed plant material in the Purple Tangs diet. Purple Tangs need a mix of vegetable and meaty foods in their diet to keep their immune system strong, which will keep the fish healthy and reduce their aggression towards other tank mates.
AD Admin
Powder Blue Tang
1 like Tangs
(Acanthurus leucosternon) Moderate Semi-aggressive 10" 90 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Powder Blue Tang is a prized fish species within the aquarium hobby because of its unique and striking coloration. However, this species is best suited for reef aquariums and moderate to advanced aquarists with an established aquarium. Powder Blue Tangs require excellent water conditions and plenty of live rock for algae grazing opportunities. While this is a peaceful community species it is very aggressive towards other similar shaped tang species, unless kept in a very large aquarium with lots of live rock. At first it is best to provide plenty of marine algae, seaweed, romaine or green leaf lettuce or similar items to help get the Powder Blue Tang feeding comfortably, and over time they will accept mysid shrimp, brine shrimp and even meaty flaked foods. Powder Blue Tangs are most coveted for their light powder blue color that dominates most of their body. Their face is a darker blue to black color with a vibrate yellow dorsal fin that extends from just behind the eye all the way to the tail fin. The underside of their body is accented with white markings below their mouth, anal fin and tail fin. Powder Blue Tangs reach a fairly large size of 10 inches and require a good sized aquarium (90 gallons or larger) to provide them adequate swimming room. Powder Blue Tangs are excellent algae eaters and will spend much of their time grazing the live rock in the aquarium for algae. This species is aggressive towards other Tang species in the aquarium environment, much more so than most other tang species. To keep this species with other Tang species it is best to have a large aquarium with plenty of live rock, and introduce them together as juveniles if possible. Powder Blue Tangs make excellent additions to most reef aquariums, as they are peaceful with other tank mates, with the exception of other tangs, and keep excess algae to a minimum. This species is somewhat susceptible to parasitic outbreaks, thus the use of a UV sterilizer and a quality diet of marine algae and seaweed are recommended to keep the Powder Blue Tang healthy and disease free. Powder Blue Tangs require a lot of marine algae and seaweed in their diet for them to be healthy and maintain a proper immune system. While they will also consume meaty flake and frozen foods, the majority of their diet should come from algae and herbivore preparations. Vegetable matter, dried seaweed and other herbivore preparations will strengthen their immune system and also help reduce their overall aggression towards other tank mates.
AD Admin
Naso Tang
1 like Tangs
(Naso lituratus) Moderate Peaceful 18" 125 gallons 72-78° F; dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Herbivore Hawaii Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible Naso Tangs are a popular Tang species that can be found from Hawaii westward through the Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean to the the western coast of Africa and the Red Sea. The Red Sea Naso Tang is also commonly referred to as the Blonde Naso even though it has the same scientific name of . The Blonde Naso Tang has the same temperament and aquarium requirements, but varies in appearance with a lighter gray colored body and some color variations on its fins and accent markings. Naso Tangs are a very popular because of their vibrant personalities, and their inquisitive nature towards their owners. Over time, they will become very friendly towards their owners, coming to the front glass to meet them and becoming tame enough to hand feed. Naso Tangs do grow to a large size (18 inches) and require lots of grazing opportunities, thus do best in large FOWLR or reef aquariums with plenty of live rock. Naso Tangs have a gray body that can vary from light to dark gray in color, sometimes almost black in color. The forehead has a patch of bright yellow, with a yellow accented line that extends from below the eye to the area behind its mouth. The lips are a bright orange color and the forehead has a dark gray to black area outlined in yellowish accents. The dorsal fin is a bright blue at the base, then a black band followed by a yellow band, that then ends with a white band along the outer margin. The anal fin is brownish orange at the base, turning to a brighter orange, with the outer margin trimmed in white. The tail has a crescent shaped border that is white inside, changing to a pale yellow color on the outside edge, with the male having long, streamer-like pennants that extend off the top and bottom tips of the tail. The Naso has two very sharp, razor-like caudal spines on each side of the tail that are surrounded by a bright orange area. Extreme caution should be used when handling this particular species, as these spines can cut a persons hand very deeply causing a very painful wound. Naso Tangs are one of the larger Tang species found in the aquarium trade, growing approximately 18 inches in length. They are primarily herbivores, but will eat a variety of foods over time. They do well when kept in large aquariums (125 gallons or larger) and are suitable tank mates for most any peaceful or semi-aggressive fish or invertebrate species, with the exception of other similarly shaped tang species. They should be provided with plenty of live rock for grazing and protection, along with open swimming areas suitable for a fish of their size. Initially they will need plenty of brown/red algae, seaweed select or equivalent foodstuffs; however, over time they will accept a variety of herbivore and meaty preparations. Naso Tangs make excellent addition to reef, fish-only, fish only with live rock and even aggressive species aquariums (when they are adult sized) and will not harm other fish species, crustaceans or corals. Naso Tangs are also known for being becoming very tame with time and enjoying attention from their owners including being hand fed. Naso Tangs in the wild will generally eat marine algae and seaweed exclusively; however, in the aquarium environment they will generally accept a variety of foods. The bulk of their diet should consist of marine algae, seaweed and other forms of vegetable matter in order to properly maintain their immune system and overall health. Proper nutrition will also reduce aggression in Tang species towards their tank mates. Suitable vegetable matter for this species include: marine algae (brown and green), seaweed, frozen or flake vegetable preparations, spirulina, sea veggies, seaweed salad or equivalent products along with fresh romaine or green leaf lettuce. After they are acclimated to aquarium life, Naso Tangs will also accept other meaty foods as well, but the bulk of their nutrition should come from herbivore preparations.
AD Admin
Achilles Tang
1 like Tangs
(Acanthurus achilles) Expert Peaceful 8" 90 gallons 72-78° F; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 dKH 8-12 Herbivore Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible The Achilles Tang (Achilles Surgeonfish) is very popular within the hobby for both its unique coloration and pattern; as well as, its ability to consume large amounts of marine algae. This species is best suited for larger FOWLR and reef aquariums that have plenty of live rock and ample open swimming areas. Although Achilles Tangs are commonly found in Hawaiian waters, all the way southward to central Polynesia and westward through Micronesia and Melanesia, there appearance is consistent throughout their entire range. This species is generally for expert aquarists, as they require excellent water quality, a large aquarium and plenty of marine algae and vegetable matter in their diet. The Achilles Tang has a black body and fins, that are accented by white and orange. The gill flaps, dorsal, tail and anal fins are accented in white along the edges with orange accents along the fins where they connect to the body. The body has the trademark orange mark just before the tail fin and a larger orange area located on the tail fin. Achilles Tangs do best in large aquariums (100 gallons or larger) with plenty of live rock and open swimming areas. In the wild, this species spends much of its time grazing on marine algae, and will do best in an aquarium with plenty of live rock to graze on throughout the day. While this species is peaceful towards most other fish species, it is aggressive towards other similar shaped tang species. When collecting this fish, the larger specimens have a nasty habit of "crashing" the net, which means that it swims full force into it, then flails around, up and down the net, stripping the skin off the area of their mouth. When purchasing this fish look closely at the nose area for any damage as any raw or open sore areas on the face or body can be a site for potential infection. Achilles Tangs make excellent additions to reef aquariums as they have peaceful dispositions, are good around corals and will keep algae under control. The Achilles Tang is a herbivore and will require a diet consisting of marine algae and frozen or freeze-dried herbivore preparations. In nature the Achilles Tang grazes on marine algae constantly during the day, thus it does best in aquariums with plenty of live rock to provide grazing opportunities. Although they will eat meaty items in the aquarium environment, they will require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet to maintain their immune system and reduce aggression. Their diet can also be supplemented with romaine lettuce, green leaf, dried seaweed or similar marine vegetable products such as Sea Veggies or Seaweed Salad.
AD Admin
Kole Tang
1 like Tangs
(Ctenochaetus strigosus) Moderate Peaceful 7" 65 Gallons Yes 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Hawaii, Western Pacific Acanthuridae Tangs Reef Compatible Kole Tangs are one of the more popular species of Tang among marine fish and reef hobbyists due to their peaceful nature and algae consumption. Kole Tangs are found under a variety of names within the hobby including: Yelloweye Kole Tang, Yelloweye Bristletooth, Goldring Bristletooth, Goldring Surgeonfish and Yelloweye Surgeonfish. Their voracious appetite for algae makes the Kole Tang a highly sought after species for reef aquariums where excess algae growth needs to be kept at a minimum. The peaceful disposition of the Kole Tang makes them a solid addition to both community FOWLR and reef aquariums, as there is very little chance that they will squabble with other tank mates. However, Kole Tangs will be territorial towards others of its own kind or very close relatives unless kept in a very large aquarium. They will do fine in large aquariums where there is enough room to house a group of Tangs. Kole Tangs are at risk of being bullied by more aggressive Tang species unless housed in larger aquariums (200 gallons or more) where there is either adequate territory or a group of Tangs to spread out aggression. The moderate size, active swimming, attractive coloration, peaceful nature and algae consumption make the Kole Tang an excellent species for both the reef and FOWLR aquarium setup. Kole Tangs do well in a variety of marine aquarium environments, with nano reefs and aggressive predator setups being the only exceptions. Ideally aquariums housing Kole Tangs should contain plenty of live rock and an ample amount of swimming room. Live rock allows the Kole Tang to graze on algae growth between feedings, which they do throughout the day in their natural habitat. Their algae consumption is an added benefit to reef keepers, as the Kole Tang can consume algae in tight spaces without damaging corals or sessile invertebrates. Kole Tangs adapt very well to the aquarium environment, quickly adjusting to prepared foods and getting along well with most all tank mates. They should only be kept with other Kole Tangs or similar species of Tangs if the aquarium is large enough to support a group of Tangs consisting of 4 or more individuals. Kole Tangs should be added before more aggressive Tang species in order to give them time to establish themselves in the aquarium. They should be offered additional feedings of dried marine algae or plant matter like green leaf lettuce or romaine lettuce via a veggie clip feeder multiple times per week. As a herbivore, the Kole Tangs diet should be mostly made up of marine based algae and plant matter. While they will also consume some meaty foods, the majority of their diet should consist of algae, seaweed and commercial foods designed for marine herbivores. A diet consisting of too little marine algae and plant matter will weaken the Kole Tangs immune system due to a lack of essential vitamins and minerals in their diet. Improper diets will lead to increased aggression, poor coloration and increased risk of disease. Kole Tangs should be provided plenty of grazing opportunities, which can be achieved with plenty of live rock being present in the aquarium or via the addition of algae or plant matter introduced into the aquarium via a veggie clip or similar fashion. In addition to grazing on marine algae, the Kole Tang should be offered prepared herbivore foods 2 to 3 times per day.
AD Admin