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Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish
1 like Lionfish
(Dendrochirus brachypterus) Easy Semi-Aggressive 7" 55 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Scorpaenidae Lionfish Predatory Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish are attractive fish that are somewhat more cryptic looking than their other lionfish cousins; like all lionfish they have venomous dorsal spines that can deliver a painful sting capable of causing a severe reaction in humans. Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish are also commonly called Shortfin Lionfish and they are generally found searching for food among the rocks and crevices throughout the tropical reefs of the Indo-Pacific. Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish have multiple fleshy and spiny protuberances along the face, head, and sides, which help with their natural camouflage and ability to blend in to their surroundings while hunting or avoiding danger (although most predators know that they can deliver severe pain and even death with their venomous spines). Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish are usually peaceful and commonly remain indifferent towards their tank mates unless they are able to fit them into their large mouths, which they will try to do unless the tank mate(s) in question are at least over 50% of the size of the Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish. Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish are becoming increasingly more popular among hobbyists and venomous fish keepers and are readily available via local and online retailers alike. Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish, like their relatives, are generally a sedentary species, but they do require adequate, open space in their aquarium (which will greatly benefit their tank mates as well); they require an aquarium of at least 55 gallons and should be provided with a sand substrate and plenty of live rock structure that will offer them various positions for hunting and refuge. They should also be provided with quality biological and mechanical filtration and would benefit from the addition of a protein skimmer as they can be big eaters. They are not considered to be reef safe as they will prey upon crustaceans (including ornamental shrimp) and some of the cleaning crew. Tank mates are generally easy to choose as long as they are not aggressive species that will pick at their fleshy protuberances and they must be large enough so that the Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish will not turn them into a meal at some point. This species is ideal for a FOWLR system with similar sized tank mates that aren't overly aggressive (like triggers and some puffers). Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish are carnivores that mainly feed on crustaceans and fish in the wild. In the aquarium they should be fed a variety of meaty food items (relative in size) such as live, frozen, and vitamin enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, ghost shrimp, krill, chopped fish, silver sides, crab meat, squid, and other meaty marine foods. They should be fed twice a day and only what they will consume within a few minutes.
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Volitan Lionfish
1 like Lionfish
(Pterois volitans) Easy Semi-aggressive 15" 15 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Scorpaenidae Lionfish Predatory Volitan Lionfish are an impressive species that are the hardiest and currently the most popular lionfish in the hobby; like all lionfish they have venomous spines (anal, dorsal, and pectoral fins) that can deliver a painful sting capable of causing a severe reaction in humans. Volitan Lionfish, also commonly referred to as "Turkeyfish", are endemic to the Indo-Pacific and can be found searching for crustaceans and small fish among the tropical, coral reefs. In addition to their venomous spines, Volitan Lionfish have multiple fleshy tabs and spiny protuberances along the face and head; these appendages serve to assist with camouflage among various marine algae and other similar structures along the reef (similar to the natural camouflage of their scorpionfish cousins). Volitan Lionfish are generally peaceful towards other tank mates, but as adults they will frequently eat tank mates that are shorter by 50% or less. As a highly popular species, the Volitan Lionfish is usually readily available within the hobby. As juveniles, Volitan Lionfish are a very active species, but they will become increasingly more sedentary as they mature; however, they require adequate swimming space as well as enough room for their long fins and should be kept in an aquarium that measures at least 18" wide which is no less than 90 gallons. They should also be provided with plenty of live rock, forming multiple caves and crevices where they can hide and relax at various angles. Although they are a hardy species that can tolerate less than perfect water quality, the use of a protein skimmer is highly recommended as well as high quality biological and mechanical filtration due to the large biological load this species can have on a system. Although Volitan Lionfish are "reef safe" as they will not harm corals, the cleaning crew (crabs) and ornamental shrimp aren't safe within the same aquarium and may quickly turn out to be food items. Tank mate options are flexible as long as species housed are at least over half the length of the Lionfish as an adult. Volitan Lionfish are carnivores that mainly feed on crustaceans and fish in the wild. In the aquarium they should be fed a variety of meaty food items (relative in size) such as live, frozen, and vitamin enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, krill, chopped fish, silver sides, chopped crab meat, chopped squid, and other meaty marine foods. They should be fed twice a day and only what they will consume within a few minutes.
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Russell's Lionfish
2 likes Lionfish
(Pterois lunulata) Easy Semi-Aggressive 12" 55 gallons 74-82° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025, pH 8.1-8.4 Carnivore Asia, Africa Scropaenidae Lionfish Fish Only The Russell's Lionfish has quite a few common names including: the Red Volitans, Spotless Lionfish, Soldier Lionfish; Largetail or Military Turkeyfish; and Plaintail Firefish. It is recognizable by its tan with light brown coloration and vertical stripes. The spines on the dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins are fleshy, and not banded like those of other Lionfish. The Russell's Lionfish is one of the larger species, which commonly reaches around a foot in length. This species is also one of the more hardy species and relatively easy to keep in the home aquarium. The spines on the fins are poisonous, and if you are stung, the reaction will be similar to a bee sting only a little stronger, which will cause both pain and swelling. As with all Lionfish care should be exercised when working around them in the aquarium to avoid being stung. The body of the Russell's Lionfish is mostly tan and brown stripes, with some black and white detailing. The pectoral fins are elongated with dark brown markings starting at the body and fading as they progress towards the end of the fins. The rear and anal fins are clear with small dark brown dots and small white stripes. The Russell's Lionfish requires a 55 gallon or larger aquarium with large caves or crevices to provide hiding places. It is a very hardy fish and generally peaceful, except towards other Lionfish or smaller fish that can be swallowed; such as, ornamental shrimp and small fish. The Russell's Lionfish has a semi-aggressive temperament and can be kept with other large fish species ranging from groupers to tangs without problem. It is possible to keep this species in a reef aquarium; however, it will may eat many types of small crustaceans and shrimp. Russell's Lionfish are often shy feeders when first introduced to aquarium life until they become acclimated to the tank. Generally feeding live foods such as feeder shrimp or feeder fish will help stimulate the Russell's Lionfish to begin eating. Once acclimated, the Russell's Lionfish will readily eat meaty foods; such as, chucks of fish, mussels and crustaceans. The spines on the ends of the fins are poisonous and cause pain and swelling to humans if stung.
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Ashley Gilbert