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Tailspot Blenny
1 like Blennies
(Ecsenius stigmatura) Easy Peaceful 3" 20 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Tailspot Blenny is a colorful species that has a comical personality and a unique appearance. Tailspot Blennies are among the smallest blennies within the hobby and they are generally found hiding and perching among coral when not grazing on marine algae along the reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific. The Tailspot Blenny has bushy cirri (whisker-like appendages) protruding from between the eyes and are also equipped with specialized, combed teeth to assist with their marine algae consumption. Tailspot Blennies are easily identifiable by the white blotch with a black spot at the base of their caudal fin in addition to the thin, dark blue, white to yellow, and orange, horizontal stripes that run from just below the eye to the rear operculum (on each side); they also tend to have blue hues on the face, head, and neck, while their base color is a tan to orange that generally intensifies towards their caudal section. Tailspot Blennies are an inquisitive species that will get along well with other tank mates that do not have a similar appearance, but they will not get along well with conspecifics unless they are a mated pair. Tailspot Blennies are an adorable species and have become quite popular within the hobby; they are easy to care for, but they should be housed in an established system that contains marine algae for them to graze upon. They are readily available and can be purchased through online vendors as well as local retailers. The Tailspot Blenny requires an established aquarium of at least 20 gallons and prefers a sand substrate in addition to an adequate amount of live rock for grazing, hiding, and perching. Many blenny species are known to be jumpers and as a precaution the aquarium should be equipped with a hood or sealed top to prevent escape or injury. As a small species, they have a minimal biological load on the system and do not have any special filtration requirements above standard biological and mechanical needs, although they do prefer stable water conditions and a protein skimmer is always a welcome addition to a system. They are a peaceful species that will generally keep to themselves, although they love to find a nice spot to perch and watch what's going on in the aquarium. They will coexist with many different heterospecific tank mates as long as they do not have a similar appearance or are an overly aggressive species they may harass them. They should not be housed conspecifically unless as a mated pair. Tailspot Blennies are great for "nano" aquariums and reef systems, although some individuals have been reported to occasionally nip at coral polyps and clam mantles. Tailspot Blennies are herbivores that prefer to graze upon various types of marine algae in the wild. In the aquarium they will naturally graze on existing marine algae, but should also be provided with a wide variety of live and prepared marine algae, vegetable matter, and Spirulina-based flake and pellets foods (treated with Selcon for additional benefits) as well as other prepared foods for omnivores and herbivores. Feed twice per day, but only what they will consume in a few minutes.
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Starry Blenny
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(Salarias ramosus) Easy Peaceful 4" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Western Central Pacific, Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Starry Blenny (Salarias ramosus), also commonly called the Starry Lawnmower Blenny due to its close relation, is a comical and interesting species native to the Western Central Pacific reefs. The Starry Blenny gets its name from its dark brown base color with multiple white to light blue dots over its entire body; they also have bushy cirri (whisker-like appendages) protruding from between their eyes, are equipped with combed teeth for algae grazing. The Starry Blenny prefers a well established aquarium containing various strains of marine algae along with stable water parameters. The Starry Blenny likes to perch on live rock and corals between grazing to make sure it doesn't miss anything going on in the aquarium. They are a hardy and intelligent species that will add personality to any system along with the added benefit of controlling nuisance algae growth. Starry Blennies are a popular choice for "nano" systems as well as larger community reef setups and will get along peacefully with their tank mates as long as they do not have a similar appearance; they are readily available within the hobby at very reasonable prices. The Starry Blenny requires an aquarium of at least 30 gallons and should be provided with plenty of live rock for grazing, perching and hiding; the live rock should be stable as Starry Blennies will sometimes dig and move rubble and other objects around which can dislodge structures and can lead to injury. Blennies are also known to be excellent jumpers, so a sealed or secure top is recommended for their environment. They are peaceful bottom dwellers, but they been known to be territorial with other Blennies, small Gobies, Dartfish and species that have a similar appearance. They are considered to be reef-safe, but have been known to pick at the mantles of clams and LPS corals when underfed (this is much less common in larger systems). The Starry Blenny is a herbivore and grazes on various marine algae within its natural environment. In the aquarium it should be fed a variety of vitamin-enriched marine algae, vegetable matter, and quality, Spirulina-based prepared foods. It will also gaze upon ornamental and nuisance micro/macro algae that may already be present in the aquarium. Feed twice per day.
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Segmented Sailfin Blenny
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(Salarias segmentatus) Easy Peaceful 4" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Segmented Sailfin Blenny, also commonly referred to as the Segmented Blenny, has a wonderful and inquisitive personality and will often be seen perched on rock or coral, just watching what's going on, which is often the same scenario when found within its natural habitat throughout the Indo-Pacific reefs. Segmented Sailfin Blennies have bushy cirri (whisker-like appendages) protruding from between the eyes and are equipped with combed teeth that are well suited for munching on marine algae. Segmented Sailfin Blennies are named for their unique coloration and markings, which give them the appearance of having a body that is divided into multiple segments. Segmented Sailfin Blennies are an attractive species that display several different colors, from tan to yellow as well as dark brown to red hues, splotches, and markings. Segmented Sailfin Blennies are relatively peaceful, but they may conflict with their own kind as well as heterospecific species of a similar appearance. Segmented Sailfin Blennies are growing in popularity and are usually readily available within the hobby. The Segmented Sailfin Blenny should be provided with an established aquarium of at least 30 gallons with a sandy substrate as well as plenty of live rock for grazing, perching, and refuge. Many blenny species are known to be jumpers when startled and their aquarium environment should be equipped with a sealed top or a tight fitting hood in order to help prevent escape. They prefer stable water conditions and their aquarium should be equipped with efficient, biological and mechanical filtration in addition to the use of a protein skimmer to help keep chemistry levels in check. Segmented Sailfin Blennies are a peaceful and overall reef-safe species, but they should not be kept with conspecifics, overly aggressive species, or fish of a similar appearance. They can sometimes nip at Acropora and SPS coral species. Segmented Sailfin Blennies are herbivores that naturally prefer to graze on marine algae in the wild. In the aquarium they will graze on existing marine algae, but they should also be supplied with a variety of live or prepared marine algae, vegetable matter, and high-quality, Spirulina-based, prepared foods for herbivores (including flakes and pellets). Feed twice per day, but only what they consume within a few minutes.
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Striped Blenny
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(Meiacanthus grammistes) Moderate Semi-aggressive 5" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Omnivore Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Striped Blenny (also called the Striped Fang Blenny) can be found swimming among the tropical reefs within its native range of the Indo-Pacific. Striped Blennies are popular choices for "nano" systems as well as larger reef tanks; they are very active swimmers and are constantly on the move in the water column when not searching for food on the live rock. The Striped Blenny is one of the few species that possess enlarged fangs with associated venom sacs which are primarily used as a retaliatory defense and serve as a deterrent to predators; their bite is not lethal to humans but it is painful (hand-feeding is not recommended). Striped Blennies have beautiful colors and distinct markings. They have contrasting, alternating black and white horizontal stripes running the length of their entire mass (including the caudal fins) with a brilliant yellow wash that starts at the head and usually fades off at and angle halfway down their dorsal half, just past their operculum on their lateral sides, and right after their neck on their ventral side. Striped Blennies are an active species and will spend most of their time in the water column looking for food and enjoying life. They require an aquarium of at least 30 gallons and should be provided with plenty of live rock for hiding places and invertebrate hunting. Blennies can be jumpers, so a hood or other secure top is recommended for their aquarium. The Striped Blenny is usually a peaceful fish, normally ignoring other inhabitants unless threatened or it notices a tank mate that is the same species, closely related, or appears to be one of the two; then it may exhibit aggression and/or show territorial tendencies. They are much better off in a reef environment as opposed to other saltwater aquarium setups. The Striped Blenny is omnivorous and in its natural environment, it can normally be found cruising for small invertebrates (mainly amphipods, copepods, isopods, and brine) in the water column; they will also hunt within the reef and substrate. In an aquarium, they should be fed a variety of live, frozen, freeze-dried, and vitamin enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and finely chopped krill as well as various quality omnivore oriented pellets and flake foods. An aquarium with a live amphipod, copepod, and isopod population would be a real treat for this species. Feed once or twice per day.
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Sailfin Blenny
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(Salarias fasciatus) Moderate Peaceful 5" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Sailfin Blenny is a cute and easily identifiable species with an entertaining and inquisitive personality. Sailfin Blennies are common among the coral reefs throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific, where they have earned their other common nicknames of Algae Blenny and Sailfin Lawnmower Blenny due to their efficiency at consuming various marine algae. Sailfin Blennies have bushy cirri (whisker-like appendages) protruding from the top of the head (between the eyes) and are equipped with combed teeth for algae grazing. Sailfin Blennies should only be added to well established systems that already contain sufficient marine algae growth along with stable water conditions. Sailfin Blennies are quite peaceful, but will quarrel with conspecifics and similar looking species, although they can get along well with heterospecific tank mates that are not overly aggressive. Sailfin Blennies are an ideal choice for nano aquariums as they have a great personality and the added benefit of helping to control nuisance marine algae within their environment. They are readily available within the hobby and can be purchased from local and online retailers. Sailfin Blennies should be housed in an established aquarium of at least 30 gallons and they require a sufficient amount of live rock for grazing, perching and hiding. Blennies can be excellent jumpers and it's recommended that they be housed in an aquarium with a tightly sealed and secure hood. They also prefer stable water conditions and levels should be regularly checked and maintained with quality biological and mechanical filtration along with routine maintenance and scheduled water changes; the use of a protein skimmer is also recommended. They are generally a peaceful species, but shouldn't be housed with conspecifics or other species with a similar appearance; although they can coexist with many heterospecific tank mates, they should not be kept with overly aggressive fish that will cause them harm or constant stress. They are usually a reef-friendly fish, but they have been reported to pick at coral polyps and clam mantles if under fed. Sailfin Blennies are herbivores and that consume various species of marine algae within their natural habitat. In the home aquarium they should be provided with a wide variety of live or prepared marine algae, vegetable matter, and high-quality, Spirulina-based, prepared foods for omnivores and herbivores; in addition to these food items, they will also graze on ornamental and nuisance algae already present in their aquarium. Feed twice per day, but only what they will consume in a few minutes.
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Bicolor Blenny
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(Ecsenius bicolor) Easy Peaceful 4" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible Native to the many rocks and crevices within the tropical reefs of the Indo-Pacific, the Bicolor Blenny (Ecsenius bicolor) is a readily available aquarium favorite and an excellent "nano" or "reef-safe" species for beginners as well as the more experienced hobbyists. Bicolor Blennies are intelligent, have outstanding personalities, comical mannerisms, and love to find a place to perch and watch what's going on around them; they will definitely add fun and personality to any reef aquarium. The Bicolor Blenny has an elongated body with a dark purple-gray to blue anterior shifting to a bright yellow to orange posterior. They have long cirri protruding from between their blue-rimmed eyes, are equipped with combed teeth for algae grazing and will prosper in an established aquarium with mature algae growth. Males can be identified as being larger than females and will have an extension of their first dorsal fin. The Bicolor Blenny requires an aquarium of at least 30 gallons and should be provided with plenty of live rock for perching and hiding places; rock-work should be supported as Bicolor Blennies are active diggers and will frequently move rubble, sand, shells, and other small debris, to suit their needs. Blennies are known to be excellent jumpers, so a secure top is recommended for their aquarium. They are normally peaceful bottom dwellers, but they can be territorial and have been known to quarrel with other Blennies, small Gobies, Dartfish and species that have similar color patterns (e.g. Royal Gramma, Bicolor Pseudochromis). They are considered to be reef-safe, but have been observed -in smaller systems- picking at the mantles of clams and LPS corals when underfed (well fed specimens in larger systems rarely exhibit this behavior). The Bicolor Blenny is a herbivore and should be fed a variety of seaweed and marine algae-based, prepared foods in addition to algae that is present in the aquarium. Although requiring vegetable matter in their diets, Bicolor Blennies have also been known to eat other foods such as live, frozen, freeze-dried, and vitamin enriched brine shrimp, finely chopped mysis shrimp, and finely chopped krill as well as various pellets and flake foods. Feed twice per day.
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Linear Blenny
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(Ecsenius lineatus) Easy Peaceful 3.5" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Indo-Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Linear Blenny is an interesting and inquisitive species endemic to the coral reefs throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific. Linear Blennies have bushy cirri (whisker-like appendages) protruding from between the eyes and are equipped with specialized, combed teeth for eating marine algae. Linear Blennies have a body with the lower half colored white to cream while the dorsal half can vary from tan, to yellowish-green, to brown. The dorsal half also has several horizontal, white to yellow lines running from head to caudal fin and a pale tan to orange stripe on the top and bottom of their dorsal and caudal fins; they also generally have around 10 black, rectangular blotches (usually separated by a light hue) on each side, running the length of their bodies (down their lateral line). Linear Blennies are quite peaceful and are compatible with many heterospecific tank mates, although they will not get along with others of their kind (unless as a mated pair), nor should they be housed with similar species or overly aggressive tank mates they may harass or stress them. Linear Blennies are readily available within the hobby and make wonderful choices for beginners as well as more experienced hobbyists. The Linear Blenny requires an aquarium of at least 30 gallons and should be provided with a sand substrate as well as plenty of live rock for grazing, perching, and refuge. Some Blennies can be jumpers and their aquarium should be equipped with a secure hood or sealed top to prevent escape. They prefer a system with stable water conditions as well as adequate water circulation; quality biological and mechanical filtration in conjunction with protein skimming is recommend. They are a peaceful species that will generally mind their own business even though they enjoy watching "current events" from a perch among coral or live rock. They will coexist with many different heterospecific tank mates as long as they are not of a similar appearance or are an overly aggressive species they may harass them. They should not be housed conspecifically unless as a mated pair. Linear Blennies are among the smaller Blennies and are excellent choices for "nano" aquariums and reef systems, although some individuals have been reported to occasionally nip at coral polyps and clam mantles. Linear Blennies are grazing herbivores that prefer to eat marine algae in the wild. In the aquarium they will graze on existing marine algae, but should be offered a variety of live and prepared marine algae, vegetable matter, and Spirulina-based flake and pellets foods (treated with Selcon for additional benefits) as well as other prepared foods. Feed twice per day, but only what they will consume within a few minutes.
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Midas Blenny
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(Ecsenius midas) Easy Peaceful 4" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Omnivore Indo-Pacific, Maldives Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible Midas Blenny's are found throughout the Indo-Pacific where they inhabit reefs and rocky out crops, which can afford them with plenty of caves and crevices in which to investigate and hide in when they feel it necessary. They have been a popular aquarium species for many years as they bring attractive color, strong personalities, unique swimming style and a peaceful demeanor to any aquarium they inhabit. They are able to vary their body coloration greatly depending on their mood, surroundings and activity. Midas Blenny’s spend their days swimming or bumping about the reef, moving from one rock crevice to another in search of small meaty prey like zooplankton or similar foodstuffs. Part of their unique personality comes from their unique bobbing swimming style and the way that they "climb over" the reef with a combination of swimming and crawling motions. Overall a great community species that is equally at home in a peaceful community aquarium with plenty of live rock or in a complete reef setting with live rock and coral species. Midas Blenny's do best in aquariums that are at least 30 gallons in size, so that they will have enough live rock and territory within the aquarium to provide them a reasonable amount of space to be comfortable. They tend to become more aggressive towards tank mates when kept in very small aquariums or overcrowded aquarium, as do many fish species. However, given ample space Midas Blenny's are a very peaceful species towards other fish, invertebrate and coral tank mates. They should be provided with an aquarium that contains plenty of live rock and medium to strong water currents to simulate their natural habitat, where they inhabit the upper regions of the reef which contain plenty of water current. Midas Blenny’s are well known for their color and pattern changing abilities as they often take on different appearances depending on their mood and activity within the aquarium. It is not unusual for a Midas Blenny to exhibit different coloration depending on whether feeding, hiding within a cave or swimming about the currents within the aquarium. In fact, it is not uncommon for Midas Blenny’s to modify their appearance to that of other tank mates when they are found schooling with similarly sized and shaped fish species. Equally at home within a community FOWLR or a reef setting, the Midas Blenny can make a solid addition to a larger nano aquarium all the way to larger reef aquarium setup. Unlike most Blenny species that are herbivores, the Midas Blenny is Omnivore whose diet is made up mostly of meaty foodstuffs that it feeds on from the water column along with some algae and seaweeds. While in the wild the Midas Blenny will eat zooplankton, copepods, amphipods and other small organisms floating about the water column, they will eat a variety of prepared meaty foods within the aquarium environment. They will readily accept a variety of prepared foods including meaty frozen, flake and small pellet foods, along with brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, cyclopeeze, krill or other meaty marine foodstuffs. Their diet should be varied with some flake, frozen & pellet foods with vegetable matter included along with access to marine algae and seaweed.
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Ember Blenny
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(Cirripectes stigmaticus) Easy Peaceful 5" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Omnivore Indo-West Pacific Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible Ember Blennies are an intelligent and inquisitive species with a base coloration that ranges from light tan to dark blue-green and generally have dark red to bright orange blotches and markings that cover their bodies; which is how they also earned their common nickname of the Red-streaked Blenny. Ember Blennies can be found among the tropical reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific, from the eastern coast of Africa, all the way out to Fiji and Hawaii. Males of the species are generally larger than females. Ember Blennies have a pair of bushy cirri (whisker-like appendages) protruding from between the eyes and are equipped with adapted, combed teeth to help with their algae grazing tendencies. Ember Blennies have a wonderful personality and are quite peaceful when kept with similar mannered tank mates. Although they are not aggressive, Ember Blennies should be housed individually as they do not prefer the company of conspecifics (unless paired or introduced at the same time as juveniles) or having to share their aquarium with fish of a similar appearance. The Ember Blenny is an entertaining species to observe within their aquarium as they always like to find and settle on a comfortable perch while watching their environment to see what's going on; they can also be observed grazing among the live rock and substrate for algae and planktonic snacks. Ember Blennies are becoming increasingly more popular within the hobby; they are generally available through online vendors and can usually be special ordered from local retailers if not already on hand in the store. The Ember Blenny requires a well established aquarium of at least 30 gallons and should be provided with a sand substrate as well as plenty of live rock for grazing, hiding, and perching. Many Blenny species are known to be jumpers and as a precaution their aquarium should be equipped with a hood or sealed top to prevent escape or injury. As a larger species of Blenny, if they are housed in an aquarium of the minimum recommended volume, the Ember Blenny should be provided with a protein skimmer in addition to quality biological and mechanical filtration (they prefer stable water conditions as well as adequate water movement). They are an inquisitive and peaceful species that will coexist well with a number of different tank mates, but they should not be kept with overly aggressive or territorial fish that will harass them into constant hiding. The Ember Blenny is an ideal species for a reef aquarium and they will assist with removing unwanted nuisance algae growth. Some individuals have been reported to occasionally nip at coral polyps and clam mantles, but it's generally not an issue if they are well fed and have plenty of room for grazing. Ember Blennies are omnivores that graze on various species of marine algae and seek out planktonic life within their natural habitat. In the aquarium they prefer to graze on existing marine algae and will search for amphipods and copepods. They should be provided a variety of live and prepared marine algae, vegetable matter, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, ghost shrimp, chopped krill, bloodworms, and Spirulina-based flake and pellets foods (treated with Selcon for additional nutrition) as well as other prepared foods for carnivores, omnivores, and herbivores. Feed twice per day, but only what they will consume in a few minutes.
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Large-banded Blenny
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(Ophioblennius steindachneri) Moderate Semi-aggressive 5" 50 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Herbivore Eastern Pacific, Gulf of California, Peru Blenniidae Blennies Reef Compatible The Large-banded Blenny (Ophioblennius steindachneri) is found inhabiting rocky shallows from the Gulf of California to northern Peru. Large-banded Blennies live in small holes or crevices near rocky shallow slopes just off the beach, where they spend much of their time darting out of their rocky home to feed on algae and plant matter and then darting back into their protected rocky crevice. They will aggressively defend their home from other small fish, invertebrates or crustaceans that attempt to enter their rocky home or the immediate territory. Aquarium hobbyists should consider their natural lifestyle and provide them with plenty of small rocky caves and crevices to allow them to select a home and territory that suits them. Large-banded Blennies are well suited for both reef aquariums and FOWLR setups. They should be provided an aquarium setup that has both a sandy or mixed sand/crushed coral substrate and plenty of live rock. Live rock is important as it will enable the Large-banded Blenny to establish a home cave or crevice and a surrounding territory. They will protect their territory against other Blennies or similarly sized and shaped fish species like Dartfish, Basslets, Chromis, etc. Thus it is important to house them in an aquarium that allows for multiple territories if they are to be kept with other Blennies or similar species. While they can kept successfully in nano style aquariums, they are better suited for mid sized or larger aquariums ranging from 50 to 90 gallons or larger. Large-banded Blennies do well with most other community fish species, corals and invertebrate species if given ample room to establish their own home territory. Large-banded Blennies are reef safe and are considered a beneficial species to keep in a reef aquarium as they will actively consume a variety of marine algae, which helps to keep the reef clean and clear of excess or nuisance algae growth. In the wild the Large-banded Blenny grazes on marine algae, using its comb-like incisor teeth to scrape algae off of rocks and sessile invertebrates. In the aquarium they will graze on existing marine algae, but should be offered a variety of fresh and prepared marine algae, vegetable matter, and Spirulina-based flake and pellets foods (treated with Selcon for additional benefits) as well as other prepared foods. Feed two to three times per day an amount of food that they will consume within a few minutes.
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