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Sunset Anthias
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(Pseudanthias parvirostris) Expert Semi-aggressive 3" 55 gallons 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-West Pacific Serranidae Anthias Reef Compatible Sunset Anthias are a beautiful, social species that can be found among deep water (usually below 100') areas throughout the Indo-West Pacific. Due to the social nature of Sunset Anthias, they should be housed in groups of one single male to approximately 4 to 7 females, all schooling together in a 150+ gallon aquarium. Sunset Anthias are also hermaphroditic and the dominant female of a group will morph into a male without the presence of a dominant male. Sunset Anthias are generally peaceful, but have been known to show territorial aggression towards conspecifics as well as other anthias species. Heterospecific tank mates aren't usually an issue and Sunset Anthias can coexist peacefully with many different species. Due to their vivid color form and their very active nature, Sunset Anthias are in high demand for large reef and FOWLR systems alike. Sunset Anthias are readily available through online vendors and local retailers. A solitary Sunset Anthias should be provided with an aquarium of no less than 55 gallons, while a small school (5 to 8 total specimens) would require an aquarium of at least 150 gallons. The aquarium should be provided with plenty of live rock with structure forming many different caves and crevices for territory and refuge. Because they a such an active species, they require a large amount of open, unobstructed swimming space in addition to adequate water movement and oxygenation. As a deep water species, Sunset Anthias require subdued to moderate lighting (at most) and should always be introduced and acclimated to a new system under subdued lighting, gradually changing to moderate over some time. High light intensity is not recommended as they may never fully acclimate to an aquarium environment if subjected to it. They are quite active and require pristine water chemistry; they should be provided with efficient, quality biological and mechanical filtration in addition to a quality protein skimmer. They are relatively peaceful, reef-safe species that should be kept with other peaceful, community oriented tank mates. Although Anthias are found in very large numbers in the wild, due to their hermaphroditic hierarchical nature and territorial tendencies regarding their own species, only one male and a group of females should be housed together within an aquarium environment. Sunset Anthias are carnivorous and mainly feed upon zooplankton in the wild. In the aquarium, they can sometimes be reluctant to feed, but can be enticed with amphipods, copepods, rotifers, and brine shrimp as well as foods such as prepared zooplankton, vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, finely chopped mysis shrimp, and other tiny or finely chopped seafood items. With the presence of others of their species, they will be less reluctant to feed; due to their constant activity and high metabolisms, they should be fed at least two, preferably three times a day.
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Lyretail Anthias
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(Pseudanthias squamipinnis) Moderate Semi-aggressive 6" 150 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Serranidae Anthias Reef Compatible Lyretail Anthias are an extremely attractive and social species endemic to the tropical reefs of the Indo-Pacific. Lyretail Anthias males have a vivid purple-red coloration while the females have a beautiful yellow-orange color with a violet hue that rims the upper portion of their eyes; both sexes have a thin orange line outlined in violet that runs from their eye to their pectoral fin. Lyretail Anthias are a schooling species where one male should be housed with multiple (4 to 7) females for best results; they are also hermaphroditic and in the absence of a dominant male, the dominant female of the group will morph into a male to take its place. Lyretail Anthias are active and relatively peaceful fish, but they have been known to get territorial with other conspecifics and anthias species; although they usually get along peacefully with heterospecifics as long as they do not resemble other anthias. Lyretail Anthias are a popular choice for larger reef and FOWLR systems due to their lively nature as well as their striking coloration; they are usually readily available within the hobby and can be acquired from local and online retailers alike. A small school (5 to 8 individuals, including one male) of Lyretail Anthias would require an aquarium of at least 150 gallons that is aquascaped with plenty of live rock as well as an adequate amount of open swimming space for their constant activity as they are an open water, schooling species. Although many anthias species enjoy subdued lighting, Lyretail Anthias can thrive under medium to high "reef intensity" lighting, but they should also be provided with multiple hiding places for shelter. They are an active species that demands high water quality and should be provided with strong and efficient biological and chemical filtration in addition to the utilization of a protein skimmer. They are relatively peaceful, reef-safe species that should be kept with other peaceful, community oriented tank mates. Although anthias are found in very large numbers in the wild, due to their hermaphroditic hierarchical nature and territorial tendencies regarding their own species, only one male and a group of females should be housed together within an aquarium environment. Lyretail Anthias are carnivorous and mainly feed upon zooplankton in the wild. In the aquarium, they can sometimes be reluctant to feed, but can be enticed with amphipods, copepods, rotifers, and brine shrimp as well as foods such as prepared zooplankton, vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, chopped mysis shrimp, and other frozen, meaty marine foods. With the presence of others of their species, they will be less reluctant to feed; due to their constant activity and high metabolisms, they should be fed at least two, preferably three times a day.
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Dispar Anthias
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(Pseudanthias dispar) Moderate Peaceful 4" 75 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Serranidae Anthias Reef Compatible As an attractive and peaceful, open water, schooling species from the coral reefs of the Indo-Pacific, Dispar Anthias are a very popular choice for adding color and liveliness to large reef aquariums; as a result, they are readily available in the hobby and are competitively priced. Dispar Anthias are a hermaphroditic species and in the absence of a dominant male, the dominant female of the group will morph into a male to take its place. Dispar Anthias have somewhat elongated bodies with vivid peach hues and a slightly darker operculum line that is often outlined in light-indigo along with their caudal and anal fins. Males are relatively larger than the females, tend to be flashier in coloration, and have an extended red dorsal fin. Dispar Anthias should be housed in an aquarium of at least 75 gallons (125+ gallons is recommended for one male and eight or more females) and should be provided with a sufficient amount of live rock as well as substantial room in the water column for their constant movement. Although they rely on the reef for shelter, they are an open water, schooling species and prefer to constantly swim around their environment, whether searching for food or just enjoying themselves. Most Anthias species prefer low intensity lighting, but Dispar Anthias reside in relatively shallow water and are much more tolerant of the higher intensity lighting requirements needed for a healthy reef aquarium. They are an extremely active species with a high metabolism and in addition to regular aquarium maintenance, quality filtration (mechanical and biological), they demand high water quality with scheduled water changes to keep nitrate levels in check. They are a very peaceful, reef-safe species and should only be housed with other peaceful, community oriented tank mates. Because of their hermaphroditic hierarchical nature, there should only be one male of the species housed at a time (two males will commonly fight until only one is left). Dispar Anthias require the presence of their own kind and it's recommended that they be kept in groups of five or more. Dispar Anthias are carnivorous fish and mainly feed upon zooplankton in their natural habitat. In captivity, they can sometimes be reluctant to feed, but can be enticed with amphipods, copepods, rotifers, and brine shrimp as well as foods such as prepared zooplankton, vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, chopped mysis shrimp, and other frozen meaty foods for marine fish. With the presence of others of their species, they will be less reluctant to feed; due to their constant activity and high metabolisms, they should be fed at least two, preferably three times a day.
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Bicolor Anthias
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(Pseudanthias bicolor) Easy Peaceful 5" 75 gallons 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Hawaii, Pacific Ocean Pseudanthias Anthias Reef Compatible Bicolor Anthias are carnivorous and mainly feed upon zooplankton in the wild. In the aquarium, they can sometimes be reluctant to feed, but can be enticed with amphipods, copepods, rotifers, and brine shrimp as well as foods such as prepared zooplankton, vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, chopped mysis shrimp, and other frozen, meaty marine foods. With the presence of others of their species, they will be less reluctant to feed; due to their constant activity and high metabolisms, they should be fed at least two, preferably three times a day. Bicolor Anthias are an extremely attractive and social species endemic to the tropical reefs of the Hawaiian Islands and Eastern Pacific. Bicolor Anthias males have a more intense coloration with a violet body and yellow running along the back through the upper caudal lobe. The females tend to be lavender in color with a yellow back and caudal fin. The dorsal fin of the male is edged in purple, and the first ray is elongated. These are one of the hardier of the Anthias and make a wonderful addition to the saltwater reef or fish only aquarium. Anthias are a schooling species where one male should be housed with multiple (4 to 7) females for best results; they are also hermaphroditic and in the absence of a dominant male, the dominant female of the group will morph into a male to take its place. Bicolor Anthias are active and relatively peaceful fish, but they have been known to get territorial with other conspecifics and anthias species; although they usually get along peacefully with heterospecifics as long as they do not resemble other anthias. Bicolor Anthias are a popular choice for larger reef and FOWLR systems due to their lively nature as well as their striking coloration; they are usually readily available within the hobby and can be acquired from local and online retailers alike. A small school (5 to 8 individuals, including one male) of Bicolor Anthias would require an aquarium of at least 150 gallons that is aquascaped with plenty of live rock as well as an adequate amount of open swimming space for their constant activity as they are an open water, schooling species. Although many anthias species enjoy subdued lighting, Bicolor Anthias can thrive under medium to high reef intensity lighting, but they should also be provided with multiple hiding places for shelter. They are an active species that demands high water quality and should be provided with strong and efficient biological and chemical filtration in addition to the utilization of a protein skimmer. They are relatively peaceful, reef-safe species that should be kept with other peaceful, community oriented tank mates. Although anthias are found in very large numbers in the wild, due to their hermaphroditic hierarchical nature and territorial tendencies regarding their own species, only one male and a group of females should be housed together within an aquarium environment. Bicolor Anthias are carnivorous and mainly feed upon zooplankton in the wild. In the aquarium, they can sometimes be reluctant to feed, but can be enticed with amphipods, copepods, rotifers, and brine shrimp as well as foods such as prepared zooplankton, vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, chopped mysis shrimp, and other frozen, meaty marine foods. With the presence of others of their species, they will be less reluctant to feed; due to their constant activity and high metabolisms, they should be fed at least two, preferably three times a day.
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