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Freckled Angler
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(Antennarius coccineus) Easy Peaceful 5" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Western Pacific, Eastern Pacific Antennariidae Anglers Reef Compatible The Freckled Angler (Antennarius coccineus) is one of the smaller species of Anglerfish, who typically grow to about 5 inches in length. They are found widely distributed across the eastern Pacific, western Pacific and Indo Pacific oceans, where they are found living in a variety of environments ranging from seaward facing reefs to shallow lagoons and tidal pools. They do vary greatly in color, which includes white, yellow, tan, orange, red, brown and black coloration. There ability to change colors combined with varied and scattered spots allows the Freckled Angler to blend in with a wide variety of rocky and coral reef areas. Blending into their environment is crucial both for ambushing unsuspecting prey, but also in order to avoid detection by other larger predatory fish species. Freckled Anglers are peaceful with tank mates that will not fit into their large mouths and can coexist peacefully with select heterospecifics. They can be kept with all types of corals and sessile invertebrates, but will consume small reef fishes and ornamental shrimp. Freckled Anglers can be kept in a variety of aquarium environments ranging from nano cubes to reef aquarium setups. They should be provided with plenty of live rock, coral or fake coral decorations in order to provide them with areas to perch and blend into their environment. They prefer a sand substrate and require plenty of live rock for hunting and shelter (they also appreciate coral rubble that they can blend into and setup an ambush). Anglers can have quite a biological impact for their size and their home should be provided with efficient biological and mechanical filtration along with the use of a protein skimmer. Freckled Anglers are a reef safe species that will not harm corals, but they may sometimes eat small shrimp and will definitely dine on small fish; for this reason, most hobbyists tend to keep them in a FOWLR environment. They normally coexist well with other species, but should not be housed with puffers or triggers as they will soon be missing their fishing gear (esca and illicium). Any tank mates that will fit into their large mouths can potentially become dinner and should be avoided. Freckled Anglers are predatory, ambush hunting, carnivores that mainly eat small fish and shrimp in the wild. In the aquarium they should be fed live (possibly gut-loaded), small fish, brine shrimp, and ghost shrimp. They can also be conditioned to accept frozen and other prepared or vitamin-enriched meaty foods from a feeding stick (wiggled around near them) such as krill, silver sides, chopped crustacean flesh, chopped fresh fish, chopped mussels, chopped scallops, and chopped clams.
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Striated Anglerfish
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(Antennarius striatus) Moderate Semi-aggressive 9" 55 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, West Atlantic Antennariidae Anglers Reef Compatible The Striated Anglerfish is an amazing, predatory species that is commonly referred to as the Striped or Zebra Anglerfish/Frogfish. Striated Anglerfish are generally found lounging among sand and rubble around the coral reefs of the Indo-Pacific and West Atlantic Oceans. Striated Anglerfish have an excellent natural camouflage which allows them to effectively blend into their surroundings while they lay in wait while "fishing" for benthic fish or crustaceans by wiggling their modified spine (illicium) with the lure-like appendage (esca) at its tip. Striated Anglerfish are quite popular and can be found in a wide variety of color forms; from shades of tan, to white, brown, green, yellow, orange, red, and black. Striated Anglerfish can coexist peacefully with larger tank mates, but they will eat fish smaller than themselves and have been known to eat fish that are almost their size. It is said that Striated Anglerfish possess a toxic or venomous third dorsal spine that can inflict intense pain (similar to a wasp sting) in humans that can last from several hours to a few days; the spine serves as a deterrent to "would-be" predators. Striated Anglerfish are usually readily available within the hobby and can be acquired through online vendors as well as local retailers. Striated Anglerfish should be provided with an aquarium of at least 55 gallons with a sandy substrate and an adequate amount of live rock in addition to some scattered coral or rock rubble to help simulate their natural environment. They can have a large biological impact on their aquarium and require strong biological and mechanical filtration in addition to protein skimming to ensure favorable water quality. They are reef safe in regards to coral species, but they will eat smaller fish as well as shrimp and other crustaceans. Striated Anglerfish are ideally suited to a FOWLR environment where the hobbyist will not have to keep a close eye on them as would be necessary if the species is housed within a reef system. Although they can coexist peacefully with larger tank mates, they should not be housed with puffers or triggers as their "fishing gear" (esca and illicium) will be shredded and eaten fairly quickly. They should not be housed with smaller or similar sized tank mates that could become potential prey. Striated Anglerfish are carnivores that mainly eat smaller fish and crustaceans in their natural habitat. In the aquarium they should be fed live (possibly "gut-loaded") fish, brine shrimp, and ghost shrimp. They can also be conditioned to accept frozen and other prepared or vitamin-enriched meaty foods from a feeding stick (wiggled around near them) such as krill, mysis shrimp, silver sides, chopped crustacean flesh, blood worms, chopped fresh fish, chopped mussels, chopped scallops, and chopped clams. Striated Anglerfish are a sedentary species and should only be fed every 4-6 days.
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Sargassum Anglerfish
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(Histrio histrio) Moderate Semi-aggressive 6" 55 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Sargasso Sea, Atlantic Ocean Antennariidae Anglers Reef Compatible Sargassum Anglerfish, also commonly referred to as Sargassum Frogfish, are a popular predatory species that come in an assortment of colors from different shades of brown, to tan, yellow, red, orange, and black. Sargassum Anglerfish can be found living around the reefs and drifting among the floating masses of Sargassum algae (rafts) in the Sargasso Sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. Sargassum Anglerfish are an amazing species with the perfect combination of color, markings, and chameleonlike morphing abilities which allow them to blend into their surroundings "as" the Sargassum algae clumps they mainly hide among; they are also sometimes mistaken for live rock or a part of the reef as they are quite sedentary and can blend in so well. If provoked, Sargassum Anglerfish also have the ability to inflate themselves with air like a puffer for defense, escape, and intimidation purposes alike. In addition to their endemic distribution, Sargassum Anglerfish are also named for their fishing skills as they wiggle their modified spine (illicium) and "fish" with their lure-like appendage (esca) at its tip; which in conjunction are used to attract small fish and other unsuspecting prey. Sargassum Anglerfish are generally peaceful towards larger tank mates that will not fit into their large mouths, but they have been known to eat fish of a similar size on occasion. Sargassum Anglerfish are reasonably priced, but are not always available within the hobby; special ordering locally may be an option if one is not readily available through an online retailer. Sargassum Anglerfish require an aquarium of at least 55 gallons with a fine to standard sand substrate and plenty of live rock for hunting and shelter (they also appreciate coral rubble that they can blend with to setup an "ambush"). Do to the large biological impact they can have on their environment, efficient biological and mechanical filtration in conjunction with a protein skimmer is recommended for favorable water quality. They are reef safe in regards to coral species, but they will eat smaller fish and snack on shrimp and other crustaceans; for this reason, they are generally kept in a FOWLR environment. Sargassum Anglerfish can coexist peacefully with other, larger tank mates, but should not be housed with puffers or triggers as they will soon be missing their "fishing gear" (esca and illicium). Any tank mates that will fit into their large mouths should be avoided, even similar sized heterospecifics. Sargassum Anglerfish are carnivores that mainly eat smaller fish and crustaceans in their natural habitat. In the aquarium they should be fed live (possibly "gut-loaded") fish, brine shrimp, and ghost shrimp. They can also be conditioned to accept frozen and other prepared or vitamin-enriched meaty foods from a feeding stick (wiggled around near them) such as krill, mysis shrimp, silver sides, chopped crustacean flesh, blood worms, chopped fresh fish, chopped mussels, chopped scallops, and chopped clams. Sargassum Anglerfish are fairly sedentary and only need to be fed once every 4-6 days.
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Wartskin Angler
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(Antennarius maculatus) Moderate Semi-aggressive 6" 55 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific Antennariidae Anglers Reef Compatible The Wartskin Angler, a native to the various reefs in the West Indo-Pacific, is also referred to as the Wartskin Frogfish as well as the Clown Frogfish. Wartskin Anglers are truly amazing species as they can easily blend into their environment due to the wart-like protuberances that cover their bodies and their ability to shift their colors to match their background. Wartskin Anglers are very interesting to observe as they get into position, morph their colors, and proceed to wiggle their modified spine (illicium) and "fish" with their lure-like appendage (esca) at its tip; they eventually entice small fish and other live prey to get close enough for them to spring the ambush and devour their prize. Wartskin Anglers are relatively peaceful with tank mates that will not fit into their large mouths and can coexist peacefully with select heterospecifics. Wartskin Anglers grow to a length of 6" and should be housed in an aquarium of at least 55 gallons. They prefer a sand substrate and require plenty of live rock for hunting and shelter (they also appreciate coral rubble that they can blend into and setup an "ambush"). Anglers can have quite a biological impact for their size and their home should be provided with efficient biological and mechanical filtration along with the use of a protein skimmer. They are a reef safe species that will not harm corals, but they may sometimes eat small shrimp and will definitely dine on small fish; for this reason, most hobbyists tend to keep them in a FOWLR environment. They normally coexist well with other species, but should not be housed with puffers or triggers as they will soon be missing their "fishing gear" (esca and illicium). Any tank mates that will fit into their large mouths can potentially become dinner and should be avoided. Wartskin Anglers are predatory, ambush hunting, carnivores that mainly eat small fish and shrimp in the wild. In the aquarium they should be fed live (possibly "gut-loaded"), small fish, brine shrimp, and ghost shrimp. They can also be conditioned to accept frozen and other prepared or vitamin-enriched meaty foods from a feeding stick (wiggled around near them) such as krill, silver sides, chopped crustacean flesh, bloodworms, chopped fresh fish, chopped mussels, chopped scallops, and chopped clams.
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Red-Orange Angler
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(Antennarius sp.) Moderate Semi-Aggressive 6" 24 gallons 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, South Pacific Antennariidae Anglers Reef Compatible Red-Orange Anglers also, often referred to as Frogfish spend their time positioned amongst rocks or corals waiting for prey to wander close enough to strike. While waiting the Angler will wiggle a small fish-shaped lure which is a modified fin located on its forehead, which it uses to attract curious fish and invertebrate species within striking distance. The Red-Orange Angler varies in coloration from a brighter red color all the way to a deep orange coloration. Their varying colors allow them to blend in with their natural coral reef environment, where they wait to ambush unsuspecting prey. The appearance of the Red-Orange Angler also varies with various spots, stripes or tassels that also work to conceal the Angler from prey. Their body shapes and colors vary to match corals and sponges within their surroundings over periods ranging from a few minutes to a few days. Overall Anglers or Frogfish are a very interesting species that are well suited for aquarium life and have a unique style that makes them very popular with many aquarists. Anglers are a sedentary species that spend their time camouflaged within the reef using their modified dorsal fin lure to attempt to attract small fish and crustaceans to consume. They do not tend to swim too much, but instead use jointed elbow-like pectoral fin to move themselves around the reef with what actually looks like feet and toes. In nature they live in coastal tide pools, shallow lagoons and coral reefs where they hide amongst brightly colored corals, sponges and algae encrusted live rock. A proper aquarium setup for the Red-Orange Angler should include plenty of live rock or live rock with corals in which the Angler can move about. Anglers can be kept in reef aquariums without harming corals or sessile invertebrates, and are also suitable for smaller aquariums and larger nano cubes. In its natural environment, the Red-Orange Angler feeds primarily on small fish and crustaceans that wonder close to it or lured over by the Anglers fish-shaped lure. When first introduced into the aquarium, the Red-Orange Angler can be offered live marine feeder shrimp or marine feeder fish. They will attempt to consume any fish or invertebrate that will fit in their mouths, which can expand to nearly 12 times the size of the angler, so care should be exercised with which tank mates to keep them with. The Red-Orange Angler will accept most meaty foods including feeder fish.
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