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Amano Shrimp
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(Caridina multidentata) Easy 2" 12 Peaceful Omnivore 65-82° F, pH 6.0-8.0, KH 3-10 Tan, Transparent, Brown Japan Shrimp Palaemonidae Shrimp Amano Shrimp as they are known these days were once known as Japonica Shrimp, as they were named after their previous scientific name or (Caridina japonica). However, these days their scientific name has been changed to (Caridina multidentata) and there common name changed to the Amano Shrimp to pay homage to the legendary aquarist and photographer Takashi Amano. Mr. Amano was responsible for introducing this very beneficial and interesting shrimp species to the aquarium hobby as he kept them in many of his tanks and people gradually began to take notice at how useful they were and the added dimension of interest that they brought to every aquarium in which they lived. While the Amano Shrimp was initially added to aquariums to consume unwanted algae, aquarists quickly learned that they also brought a lot of interest and diversity to the freshwater community aquarium and were simply just fun to watch. Amano Shrimp are ideal additions for any peaceful tropical freshwater community aquarium. They will co-exist with a wide variety of fish and plant species without causing any harm and providing beneficial algae eating services. Amano Shrimp are very tolerant of a wide range of water conditions and will make themselves at home in most any aquarium. They should be provided places to seek refuge when needed; such as, driftwood, rock caves or crevices or live or ornamental plants. Like all shrimp species, the Amano Shrimp will molt approximately once a month and will need to have places like rock caves or underneath driftwood to hide while their new shells hardens, otherwise they may be injured while their shell is soft and exposing their internal body. Amano Shrimp are fantastic consumers of all types of freshwater algae, thus algae growing in the aquarium should make up a portion of their diet. If enough algae is not present in the aquarium, Amano Shrimp will readily feed on a variety of commonly available aquarium foodstuffs including: algae pellets & wafers, blanched vegetables (spinach, squash, zucchini, etc.), shrimp pellets, fish flakes or just about any other foodstuff fed to fish that they can scavenge from the aquarium substrate. Be sure to remove any excess vegetable matter that is not consumed within a few hours from the aquarium so that it does not decompose and degrade the aquariums water quality. Like many freshwater invertebrate species, the Amano Shrimp requires a brackish environment for their larvae to develop, thus they cannot be bred within the freshwater community aquarium. However, if introduced into a suitable brackish environment, Amano Shrimp can be successfully bred in an aquarium setup. The female Amano Shrimp carry the eggs under the rear portion of their body until the eggs hatch into larvae. Unlike many other shrimp species, the Amano Shrimp young hatch into larvae instead of miniature versions of the adult. It is at this larvae stage that they are most delicate and require a lot of care. During their larval stage, the young Amano Shrimp should be kept in a brackish tank with low filtration, gently aeration and a constant temperature in the low to mid 70’s for about 20 days. At this time they should have morphed into their post larval stage, at which point they will be ready to be transitioned back into a freshwater environment. It is best to raise the larvae in aquariums that are well established with plenty of naturally occurring algae present in the aquarium.
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Red Cherry Shrimp
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(Neocaridina denticulata sinensis) Moderate 1" 5 Peaceful Omnivore 60-82° F, KH 3-10, pH 6.5-7.5 Red, White Taiwan, Singapore Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp Red Cherry Shrimp have become popular within the freshwater aquarium hobby due to their bright red coloration and their appetite for all types of freshwater algae. Males of the species are more clear or pink in color, with females having a much more "cherry" red appearance. When first introduced to the aquarium or when frightened, both males and females will exhibit more pale coloration. However, once established in an aquarium with plenty of vegetation or other suitable hiding places, the Red Cherry Shrimp will maintain a brilliant red coloration with delicate white markings and their body and legs. Overall the Red Cherry Shrimp is an easy to keep and active shrimp species that once settled in the aquarium will actively move about the aquarium in search of algae to consume. Red Cherry Shrimp should be kept with peaceful freshwater fish species in either a planted aquarium or a community aquarium with plenty of plants, rocks or driftwood to provide them with cover when threatened and a place to forage for algae. Like most freshwater invertebrate species, the Red Cherry Shrimp needs clean water with very good filtration in order to thrive within an aquarium environment. It is also important to not expose this or other invertebrate species to copper based medications as this can kill them. Red Cherry Shrimp should not be housed with aggressive fish species or with community species such as Loaches and puffers as they eat small shrimps in the wild. Red Cherry Shrimp feed primarily on freshwater algae, and are coveted for this as they make excellent tank cleaners. However, they will also consume detritus and uneaten foodstuffs that they come across in the aquarium substrate. If no algae is present within the aquarium, it is recommended to supplement the Red cherry Shrimps diet with algae tablets as algae makes up a very large portion of their diet in the wild and will help them maintain a healthy immune system. Red Cherry Shrimp are one of the easier freshwater shrimp species to breed within the home aquarium environment. At approximately 2 to 3 months of age, Red Cherry Shrimp will become sexually mature, and the females will begin to carry a clutch of yellowish eggs under their tail. If there are males present within the aquarium, the female will become impregnated and the clutch of eggs will hatch in about 1 month. The eggs will be carried by the female until they hatch into miniature replicas of their parents, as the Red Cherry Shrimp does not go through an intermediate plankton stage. At birth, the baby Red Cherry Shrimp are very small and are easily eaten by fish or sucked up into filters. Therefore, they should be provided their own breeding tank with a sponge covered filter intake and no fish present that could eat the young. The babies should be fed a diet consisting of algae, algae tablets, baby brine shrimp or crushed flake foods. It is important to maintain the water quality of the breeding tank to high levels and make sure that ammonia and nitrite levels remain very low.
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Singapore Flower Shrimp
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(Atyopsis moluccensis) Easy 3" 20 Peaceful Omnivore 68-85° F, KH 3-10, pH 6.5-8.0 Red, Brown, Tan, Green, Yellow Asia Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp The Singapore Flower Shrimp or as it is also commonly know as the Asian Fan Shrimp or Bamboo Shrimp, originates from fast moving rivers and streams within Southeast Asia. They can vary greatly in coloration, ranging from a brown body with tan stripe all the way to red, green or yellow body colors with a tan to white stripe. They can change their coloration rapidly based on their surroundings and whether or not they feel stressed or scared. Their front six legs have fan-like appendages in which they use to filter the water for foodstuffs present within the water column. They add a very interesting element to any freshwater community aquarium, both with their diverse coloration and their unique feeding process. Their coloration, movement and feeding and their usefulness as aquarium cleaners has made the Singapore Flower Shrimp very popular among freshwater aquarium hobbyists over the past few years. Singapore Flower Shrimp should be housed in established freshwater aquariums of at least 20 gallons, that provide plenty of hiding places including plants and driftwood along with a mature substrate that will provide plenty of detritus and decaying plant matter for the shrimp to feed on. It should be housed with peaceful community fish that will not pose a threat of eating or damaging the shrimp. The Singapore Shrimp is easy to sex when it becomes mature as the males will have much larger and thicker forelegs than the females, also the females forelegs are about the same size as the second pair of legs. While this shrimp is easy to sex, it is extremely difficult to breed, as it requires brackish water for breeding and to raise the newly hatched larvae. The young exist in a drifting, planktonic state before changing into a miniature adult-like form after several molts. The Singapore Shrimp is an omnivore that primarily consumes detritus and plant matter suspended in the water column, but will also eat algae and leftover meaty foods that are either in the water column or resting on the aquarium substrate. They use fan-like appendages located near their head to filter small food particles from the water. Ideally this specimen should be kept in a well established planted aquarium, so that they will have plenty of decaying plant matter and algae available to them from the water column. Otherwise they can be fed sinking pellet foods that they can feed off of as they breakdown in the water near the substrate.
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Tracy Lee
Ghost Shrimp
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(Palaemonetes sp.) Easy 2" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 68-86° F, pH 6.5-8.0, KH 3-10 Clear, Yellow, White Americas Shrimp Palaeomonidae Shrimp Ghost Shrimp are a species of tropical freshwater shrimp that have become popular in the aquarium hobby due to their interesting appearance and beneficial aquarium substrate cleaning. They are also commonly referred to as Glass Shrimp, with both names emanating from their transparent appearance. They generally spend their time moving about the aquarium substrate looking for food particles that are lodged in the substrate or on plant leaves or roots. Typically Ghost Shrimp are added to community aquariums, where they can be kept with a large variety of peaceful community fish species that are small enough not to see the Ghost Shrimp as food. Hobbyists who keep larger Cichlid species also keep Ghost Shrimp as a food source for larger more aggressive fish species. Ornamental shrmip like the Ghost Shrimp are a great addition to any community aquarium with smaller fish species that the shrimp will be safe from being eaten by, as they are great helpers in keeping your aquarium clean and your water quality high. Depending on the amount of bottom feeders Ghost Shrimp can very safely be kept in numbers of approximately 1 shrimp per 3 gallons of water, with higher concentrations possible depending on food sources and competition. It is best to keep Ghost Shrimp in 10 gallon or larger aquariums with plenty of hiding places including plants and rock caves. Ghost Shrimp moult as they grow and during this period their shells are soft and they become vulnerable to fish and other aquarium inhabitants, thus it is important to provide them plenty of shelter consisting of hiding places too small for fish to get into. This is especially important after moulting and before their exoskeletons have had a chance to harden. Ghost Shrimp prefer temperate waters and should be kept in water temperatures ranging from 68 to 82 degrees. Ghost Shrimp are pure scavengers and will readily accept a vast variety of meaty foods and decaying plant matter. They will scavenge the substrate and plants for any food particles that make it past the aquariums other inhabitants. It is also not uncommon for them to even swim up to the surface and take flake food directly, especially after they become established with their surroundings. Ghost Shrimp can easily be bred in a smaller breeder tank setup or species only aquarium. While breeding the shrimp is not difficult, feeding the fry can be as they require very small food particles. It is best to raise them in an established tank with some algae growth and plenty of small foodstuffs; such as, infusoria or baby brine shrimps.
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