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Freckled Angler
1 like Anglers
(Antennarius coccineus) Easy Peaceful 5" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Western Pacific, Eastern Pacific Antennariidae Anglers Reef Compatible The Freckled Angler (Antennarius coccineus) is one of the smaller species of Anglerfish, who typically grow to about 5 inches in length. They are found widely distributed across the eastern Pacific, western Pacific and Indo Pacific oceans, where they are found living in a variety of environments ranging from seaward facing reefs to shallow lagoons and tidal pools. They do vary greatly in color, which includes white, yellow, tan, orange, red, brown and black coloration. There ability to change colors combined with varied and scattered spots allows the Freckled Angler to blend in with a wide variety of rocky and coral reef areas. Blending into their environment is crucial both for ambushing unsuspecting prey, but also in order to avoid detection by other larger predatory fish species. Freckled Anglers are peaceful with tank mates that will not fit into their large mouths and can coexist peacefully with select heterospecifics. They can be kept with all types of corals and sessile invertebrates, but will consume small reef fishes and ornamental shrimp. Freckled Anglers can be kept in a variety of aquarium environments ranging from nano cubes to reef aquarium setups. They should be provided with plenty of live rock, coral or fake coral decorations in order to provide them with areas to perch and blend into their environment. They prefer a sand substrate and require plenty of live rock for hunting and shelter (they also appreciate coral rubble that they can blend into and setup an ambush). Anglers can have quite a biological impact for their size and their home should be provided with efficient biological and mechanical filtration along with the use of a protein skimmer. Freckled Anglers are a reef safe species that will not harm corals, but they may sometimes eat small shrimp and will definitely dine on small fish; for this reason, most hobbyists tend to keep them in a FOWLR environment. They normally coexist well with other species, but should not be housed with puffers or triggers as they will soon be missing their fishing gear (esca and illicium). Any tank mates that will fit into their large mouths can potentially become dinner and should be avoided. Freckled Anglers are predatory, ambush hunting, carnivores that mainly eat small fish and shrimp in the wild. In the aquarium they should be fed live (possibly gut-loaded), small fish, brine shrimp, and ghost shrimp. They can also be conditioned to accept frozen and other prepared or vitamin-enriched meaty foods from a feeding stick (wiggled around near them) such as krill, silver sides, chopped crustacean flesh, chopped fresh fish, chopped mussels, chopped scallops, and chopped clams.
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Barred Hamlet
1 like Hamlets
(Hypoplectrus puella) Moderate Semi-aggressive 5" 55 gallons 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas Serranidae Hamlets Reef Compatible The Barred Hamlet (Hypoplectrus puella) is native to the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, where it is found inhabiting rocky reefs. They are more active in the evening, using their large eyes to spot prey in the dimly lit night waters. During the day they spend much of their time in deep rocky caves and crevices resting and looking for small crustaceans and invertebrates to prey on. They adapt well to aquarium life, and will also become used to the bright aquarium lighting given time. It is important to provide them with plenty of caves and large crevices in which they can retreat from the bright aquarium lights. Hamlets are somewhat unique in that they possess both male and female reproductive organs. They are also known for breeding in larger aquarium systems and in commercial breeding facilities. Their brilliant white and yellow base coloration combined with brown bars and blue highlights, medium size and semi-aggressive temperament make the Barred Hamlet an excellent aquarium species. They can generally be thought of as mini groupers or sea bass, with a somewhat overall less aggressive nature due to their smaller size. at about 5 inches in length as an adult, Barred Hamlet are the smallest species of Hamlet commonly collected for the aquarium hobby. Barred Hamlets are not quite as widely distributed as some of the other Hamlet species found within the aquarium hobby; therefore, they are not as commonly collected for the aquarium hobby. They do show up in fish stores from time to time, and can usually be ordered online from fish wholesalers and distributors. Barred Hamlets do well in the home aquarium if provided some basic aquarium and water parameters. They should be housed in an aquarium that is close to 55 gallons or larger in order to provide them with enough swimming room and with enough water volume to accommodate the bio-load they produce. In the wild Barred Hamlet establish themselves in a particular area of the reef where they will live their entire life assuming conditions permit. They should be provided with both areas of open swimming space and live rock formations that include plenty of caves and crevices. They will establish an area of the aquarium as their territory and will protect this area from similar sized fish species and other Hamlet specimens. Barred Hamlets should be kept one to an aquarium in most situations, with groups being suitable in large aquariums (200 gallons or more) being large enough to create enough territory to house multiple specimens. Well fed Barred Hamlets should not show too much aggression towards small fish species or cleaning crew invertebrates, but it is possible that they may try to eat very small fish and small crabs / shrimp. Barred Hamlet are one of the more peaceful species of Hamlet, and are the best choice for keeping a Hamlet in a traditional community aquarium setup. Their moderate size and carnivorous diet puts a fair amount of bio-load on the aquarium, thus the aquarium should have excellent mechanical and biological filtration. An addition of a well planted refugium will also help with nitrate removal and lessen the amount of water changes required to maintain lower nitrate levels and overall water quality. In the wild Barred Hamlet feed on shrimps, small crabs, small crustaceans and the occasional small fish. They are a carnivorous species that should be fed a variety of meaty foods. Barred Hamlet should be fed 2 to 3 times per day an amount of food that they will consume within a few minutes. Good food choices include: high quality commercial pellets, frozen carnivore formulas, mysis shrimp, clams, squid, frozen marine feeder fish (silver sides), live glass shrimp and other similar marine based meaty items. Overall Hamlets are not picky eaters, but they should be fed a high quality and diverse diet as proper nutrition ensures that the fish maintain a healthy immune system. Lastly, proper nutrition effects the coloration of the fish, with healthy well fed specimens exhibiting brighter and more brilliant coloration.
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Longspine Cardinalfish
(Zoramia leptacantha) Easy Peaceful 3" 20 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.022-1.025 Carnivore Indonesia Apogonidae Cardinalfish Reef Compatible The Longspine Cardinalfish (Zoramia leptacanthus) is a shoaling fish species that is found living in large groups of individuals in the wild. In the wild they stay very close to the coral reefs in their native Indonesian waters, where they rely on the reef for both food and protection from larger fish. It is important that hobbyists keep Longspine Cardinalfish in groups of at least 4 or more individuals (10 plus being ideal) in order for them to feel comfortable and do well long term in the aquarium environment. Shoaling species depend on living in groups of individuals in order to feel comfortable and to maintain a social group that they need in order to live natural lives. Hobbyists keeping a single specimen or pair of Longspine Cardinalfish will find that they will be reclusive, reluctant feeders and will do poorly overall. However, when kept in a social group the Longspine Cardinalfish will spend its time out swimming in the open waters and will readily feed on a variety of meaty food items. Once acclimated to aquarium life, groups of Longspine Cardinalfish are considered to be quite hardy and long lived. Longspine Cardinalfish are ideal fish for both reef aquariums and peaceful community aquariums. While not the most colorful fish individually, a group of Longspine Cardinalfish swimming tightly together with flashes of blue and yellow is an impressive site. Despite needing to be housed in groups, Longspine Cardinalfish do not put out a high bio-load which makes them ideal for many reef aquarium environments. They are peaceful in nature and can get along with a wide variety of other peaceful community fish species. Longspine Cardinalfish will not bother corals, sessile invertebrates or crustaceans, but they may prey on extremely small shrimps. Longspine Cardinalfish do best in aquariums with plenty of live rock or reef aquariums with plenty of rock and corals, both of which will give them a place to retreat to when threatened. Proper aquarium decor will give the Longspine Cardinalfish the confidence to swim out in the open knowing that they can retreat to safety if necessary. Longspine Cardinalfish are carnivorous micro predators that feed on small crustaceans in their native coral reef habitats. However, they will quickly adjust to aquarium life and will readily feed on a variety of meaty based commercial foods including: flake, micro pellet, frozen and freeze-dried marine based meaty foods. Larger specimens may prey on extremely small gobies or very small shrimp.
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Blind Shark
1 like Sharks
(Brachaelurus waddi) Expert Aggressive 38" 360 gallons 65-75° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Australia Brachaeluridae Sharks Predatory Blind Sharks (Brachaelurus waddi) originate from Australia, where they range from Queensland to southern New South Wales. They live in shallow coastal waters ranging from just a few feet in depth down to about 250 feet. They are commonly found during the nighttime hours in shallow high-energy surge zones, where they move about the rocky underwater terrain in search of small invertebrates and bony fish to feed on. Despite their common name, Blind Sharks can actually see equally well as any other shark species. Their common name came from its habit of closing its eyes when taken out of the water. Blind Sharks make their way into the aquarium hobby from time to time since they are fairly well suited for larger home aquariums between 360 and 1000 gallons in size. Most captive raised Blind Shark specimens only reach about 3 feet in length, which along with being a benthic or bottom-dwelling Shark species make them better suited for aquarium life than open water shark species. They do make it into the hobby are often marketed under a wide variety of common names that include: Blind Shark, Aussie Blind Shark, Australian Blind Shark, Brown Carpet Shark, Grey Carpet Shark and other similar variants. There are some general aspects of shark husbandry that all hobbyists looking to keep sharks in their home aquarium should be aware of. All sharks even those available within the aquarium hobby are large in terms of home aquarium sizes. Therefore it is important that all sharks are housed in large aquariums that have a foot print that is wide and long, which will give the shark room to swim and accommodate a larger water volume. A good rule of thumb for a minimum shark aquarium is for the aquarium to be at least 1 to 2 times as wide as the shark is long and 2 to 4 times as long, with larger always being better. Secondly, sharks require plenty of dissolved oxygen in the water and are sensitive to low oxygen environments. Plenty of water volume, moderate water currents and strong mechanical and biological filtration is very important in order to support the bio load that a large bodied fish like a shark places on an aquarium filtration system. A sand or mixed sand rubble substrate is important for benthic shark species that spend a lot of time laying on the substrate so that they do not scratch or agitate their underside which can lead to open wounds and disease. Lastly, the aquarium should be well covered and all equipment like heaters and skimmers should be outside the main aquarium in a sump or other external setup to eliminate any excess electrical currents in the water, which will stress the sharks being housed in the display tank. In addition to the common requirements of smaller reef sharks being housed in the home aquarium, Australian Blind Sharks need very high levels of dissolved oxygen and strong water movement. They will also do best when presented with multiple large rocky caves and rock overhangs in which they can seek refuge and explore. Australian Blind Sharks will also appreciate vegetation like sea grass or other hardy marine plants. Hobbyists should strive to design the aquarium decor to provide both large rocky caves, crevices and other shaded areas, along with plenty of open area where the shark can swim freely and turn around easily. Wild Blind Sharks feed on a wide range of small invertebrates and small bony fishes that they come across in the rocky coastal caves in crevices that they frequent each night while looking for food. Despite being a nocturnal species in the wild, Blind Sharks adapt remarkably well to aquarium life and will generally accept food within a day or so of being added to the aquarium. Most hobbyists do not experience any issues with feeding this species even while the bright aquarium lights are on. Blind Sharks should be fed a variety of marine based meaty foods like clams, squid, shrimp, fish, crabs, mollusks, prawns or other similar raw foods. It is best to feed a varied diet in order to insure that the shark receives a variety of vitamins and minerals in order to maintain a strong immune system.
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Pajama Cardinalfish
(Sphaeramia nematoptera) Easy Peaceful 3" 30 gallons 74-82° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Fiji, Coral Sea Apogonidae Cardinalfish Reef Compatible The Pajama Cardinalfish (Sphaeramia nematoptera) is a schooling species found living near coral reefs throughout the Coral Sea, Fiji and large areas of the western Indo-Pacific. Pajama Cardinalfish or as they are also known as Spotted Cardinalfish, have been a popular fish species with reef and community aquarium hobbyists for a long time. Being a smaller fish species and native schooling species in the wild, it is best to keep this species in social groups of 5 or more individuals. Keeping the Pajama Cardinal in a schooling group will allow them to feel much more secure and comfortable within the aquarium environment; as well as, allowing them to exhibit their natural social hierarchy. A group of will establish a strict hierarchy with a dominant male specimen leading the group. In addition to allowing the Pajama Cardinalfish to live as they would in nature, a group of these fish is an impressive site as they slowing swim about the reef in a tight group, which helps to accentuate their coloration and pattern. Pajama Cardinalfish are best suited for reef aquariums with plenty of live rock and smaller peaceful fish species. However, they will also do well in FOLWR or community aquariums provided that their tank mates have a more peaceful disposition and there is a reasonable amount of live rock or coral decorations to provide them with a suitable habitat. Pajama Cardinalfish should not be housed with larger more aggressive fish species, as they are slow moving and can easily fall prey to or be harassed by larger aggressive species. Tank mates to avoid keeping Pajama Cardinals with include: eels, sharks, groupers, triggers, hamlets, lionfish and other species of similar size and temperament. Despite being nocturnal in the wild, Pajama Cardinalfish adapt well to aquarium life and will be active during daylight or lights on hours. It is highly recommended that hobbyists keep this species in a school of 5 or more individuals in order to allow them their natural social hierarchy, which will greatly increase their chances of thriving in the home aquarium environment. Despite groups of Pajama Cardinalfish following a strict hierarchy, they do not use aggression to establish the dominant member of the group and instead utilize more of an internal election process within the group. This is markedly different from most other schooling species, where the dominant male uses aggression to establish himself within the group. Pajama Cardinalfish are carnivorous micro predators that feed on small crustaceans in their native coral reef habitats. However, they will quickly adjust to aquarium life and will readily feed on a variety of meaty based commercial foods including: flake, micro pellet, frozen and freeze-dried marine based meaty foods. Being a naturally nocturnal species, hobbyists may have to acclimate them to feeding during the day time. This is best achieved by feeding them first thing in the morning before the bright aquarium lights are turned on. Lastly being a slow swimming species, the Pajama Cardinalfish will have a difficult time competing for food with many species of fish that feed aggressively. Hobbyists should keep feeding concerns in mind when choosing suitable tank mates for the Pajama Cardinalfish or when adding this species to an existing aquarium.
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Catalina Goby
1 like Gobies
(Lythrypnus dalli) Moderate Peaceful 2" 10 gallons 60-70° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Eastern Pacific, California, Mexico Gobiidae Gobies Reef Compatible The Catalina Goby (Lythrypnus dalli) is without a doubt a very attractive and exotic looking species. Their bright orange-red body and electric blue vertical stripes makes them truly glow under the bright aquarium lighting. However, unlike most brightly colored tropical reef species, the Catalina Goby is a cold water species that requires aquarium temperatures much lower than that of typical coral reef fish species. While most fish species commonly found in the aquarium hobby require water temperatures in the 76° to 82° range, the Catalina Goby requires much lower temperatures in the 58° to 70° range. Due to their specific water temperature requirements and small adult size of only 2 inches, the Catalina Goby is most often housed in nano aquariums designed to replicate their natural cold water habitat. Catalina Goby are found living in shallow rocky coastal waters ranging from California in the north to the Gulf of California off the Mexican coast. They are most often found in rocky coastal areas, where they utilize the fields of boulders for both protection and for hunting grounds. Catalina Goby work their way through the rocky caves and crevices looking for small crustaceans and other similarly sized marine organisms on which to prey. They also utilize the rocky caves and tight crevices in order to hide from other larger fish species that would see them as a food item. They require an aquarium environment that will provide them with the highly oxygenated and cool water conditions of their native territory, along with plenty of rocky caves and crevices to explore. While territorial towards its own kind, Catalina Gobies will co-exist with most other fish species including other small similarly sized and shaped species. They can even be kept in small groups of their own kind in aquarium large enough to provide ample territory for specimen, generally an aquarium 40 gallons or more. Single specimens can do well in both nano and pico aquariums, ranging from 5 to 30 gallons in size. Tank mates should include other cold water fish species that are not large enough to see the Catalina Goby as food. Catalina Goby coexist well with both temperate water corals and invertebrates, like Anemones, Feather Dusters and shrimp. While the Catalina Goby can tolerate warmer water temperatures upwards of 74° for short periods of time, they will not thrive in these conditions and will be much more susceptible to disease and an overall shorter lifespan. Their ability to change their sex is one of the more interesting aspects of the Catalina Gobys reproductive behavior. While each Catalina Goby has the reproductive tissues of both genders, they can only display one sexual orientation at any given time. If a Catalina Goby finds itself unsuccessful as one gender, it can switch to the other. Behavioral males are generally larger and have a longer dorsal fin with black tips on the longest dorsal fin rays. When they are ready to breed, a behavioral male chooses a cave in which to care for his brood. He then lures the female inside, where she will attach her eggs to the walls of the cave. He will care for the eggs there until they hatch. The Catalina Goby is a typical Goby in regards to feeding, eating all types of small crustaceans, plankton and small invertebrate species like amphipods and copepods. They are very hardy eaters that will quickly adapt to both aquarium life and commercial fish foods. They do best with meaty preparations like brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake and vitamin-enriched frozen foods designed for marine carnivores.
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Webers Chromis
1 like Chromis
(Chromis weberi) Easy Peaceful 6" 30 gallons 72-80° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Omnivore Southern Pacific, Fiji Pomacentridae Chromis Reef Compatible Webers Chromis (Chromis weberi) are widely distributed throughout the southern Pacific ocean, where they are found living in near-shore reefs, shallow channels and seaward facing reefs. Webers Chromis have a deeply forked-tail, uniform olive to gray colored body with dark edged scales, a dark bar behind each eye, dark pectoral joints, and dark tail-tips. Because of their exceptional hardiness, Webers Chromis make a great choice for beginners as well as the more advanced marine hobbyists. Webers Chromis are an active and peaceful species that prefer the mid to top levels of the aquarium; with their constant motion as a school, they will surely add plenty of activity to any reef or FOWLR system. Although not quite as common as many of their Chromis relatives, they are usually available online and can also be found at local retailers from time to time. Webers Chromis should be provided with a home of at least 30 gallons of water volume and a mixture of open swimming space and live rock and coral formations. Plenty of live rock is important for overall health of tank inhabitants and water quality, but the Webers Chromis will spend most of their time interacting with each other while swimming around in the open as a group; they will utilize live rock for emergency shelter and during the night, but mainly rely on each other for security. They are very peaceful with other fish species, but will sometimes argue amongst themselves. Despite occasional quarrels Webers Chromis prefer to live in schools of fish, with the more the merrier being the general rule. They can be housed with a wide variety of tank mates as long as they are not highly aggressive or larger predators that will see them as prey. In their natural habitat Webers Chromis are diurnal omnivores; coming out of their shelters at dawn to feed on planktonic surface life, then heading back to their rock cave and crevice shelters at dusk. In the home aquarium, they are very easy to feed and will readily accept a wide variety of live foods, commercial flake, frozen and freeze-dried foods along with vitamin enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, chopped krill, and blood worms. They will also accept other prepared meaty marine foods in addition to their natural craving for amphipods, copepods, and other planktonic treats. Feed 1 to 3 times per day.
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Golden-spot Hogfish
1 like Hogfish
(Bodianus perditio) Moderate Semi-aggressive 26" 450 gallons 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Western Pacific Labridae Hogfish Fish Only Golden-spot Hogfish (Bodianus perditio) are widely distributed throughout the tropical oceans of the southern hemisphere. They can be found living around coral reefs and rocky outcrops from the eastern coast of Africa to the western coast of North & South America and most areas in between. Despite their large size of close to 30 inches long in the wild and about 26 inches in the aquarium environment, Golden-spot Hogfish stay close to the reef throughout their lives. They generally inhabit shallow reefs and lagoons as juveniles and as they grow move out to deeper reefs and rocky outcrops as adults. Golden-spot Hogfish stay close to the reef as their primary source of food is the benthic clams and mollusks found growing on the rocks throughout the reef. Coral reefs also give Golden-spot Hogfish cover from large open water predator fish who would see the Hogfish as a prey item. Golden-spot Hogfish are only suitable long term for hobbyists with very large aquariums that are supported by a strong filtration system. Large bodied fish like the Golden-spot Hogfish need a significant amount of space to swim about and due to their size put a heavy biological load on aquarium filtration systems. Being that the Golden-spot Hogfish feeds primarily on crustaceans and sessile invertebrates, they are not suitable for reef aquariums or mixed fish aquariums with invertebrate clean up crews and such. Golden-spot Hogfish are mostly found in larger fish only aquarium setups like tanks housing reef sharks or large aquariums found in restaurants, hotels and other larger aquarium installations. Beyond a large aquarium, hobbyists seeking to keep Golden-spot Hogfish will need to employ a powerful filtration system that has excellent mechanical and biological capabilities. Large bead filters or large sump based wet/dry systems combined with a very large protein skimmer will be required to maintain proper water quality. Once hobbyists begin keeping larger reef fish species like Hogfish, Groupers, Sharks, Rays, etc. it is generally recommended that they move away from filtration products designed for smaller ornamental aquariums and look more toward products designed for aquaculture. Filters, skimmers, sumps and tanks designed for the aquaculture industry have the capacity and flow rates needed to handle larger reef fish even when they reach their max size as adults. Suitable tank mates for Golden-spot Hogfish should mainly be limited to larger community reef fish and semi-aggressive reef predator fish like groupers and reef shark species. Golden-spot Hogfish spend most of their time in the wild solo, but do pair up during breeding. Given enough room they will tolerate others of their own kind, but in smaller environments they will become territorial towards others that they see as competition for food. Wild Golden-spot Hogfish feed primarily on crustaceans and benthic invertebrates such as mollusks and clams. Aquarium specimens will consume a wide variety of marine based meaty foods ranging from commercial pellets and frozen foods to homemade preparations. Being such a large fish, hobbyists will most likely find that it is more economical to feed them a homemade diet consisting of clams, mollusks, squid, chopped fish, shrimp, cockles and other similar marine based meaty items. Ideally they should be fed smaller meals multiple times per day, as this more closely resembles how they would feed in the wild. Monitor the overall girth of the fish to make sure that they are receiving enough food and adjust feeding frequency accordingly. It is also recommended to vary their food items to ensure that they are receiving a balanced diet of minerals and vitamins that they require to maintain a healthy immune system.
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Redbarred Hawkfish
2 likes Hawkfish
(Cirrhitops fasciatus) Easy Semi-aggressive 5" 30 gallons 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4 Carnivore Japan, Hawaii, Western Pacific Cirrhitidae Hawkfish Reef Compatible Redbarred Hawkfish are micro-predators that move about the reef hunting for small crustaceans and fish to prey on. Since they only reach a maximum size of about 5 inches they are not able to prey on fish 2 inches in length or larger. This makes them suitable tank mates for most adult specimens of commonly kept aquarium fish species. They should not be housed with small Gobies, Dartfish or young Chromis, Clownfish, Damselfish, etc; however, adult Clownfish, Chromis, etc. will be fine. Redbarred Hawkfish can eat a wide variety of marine invertebrates and crustaceans, which makes them only partially suitable for reef aquariums. The bright red coloration and interesting swimming style have made the Redbarred Hawkfish a popular aquarium species for some time. They are generally available to hobbyists both in local fish stores and online; however, they are sold under a variety of common names including: Redbarred Hawkfish, Banded Hawkfish, Blood Red Hawkfish and Fasciatus Hawkfish. Despite their common name, Redbarred Hawkfish can vary in coloration from bright red and white to a dark blue or almost black body with red fins. They do they to better blend into their environment, which helps them ambush small prey items moving about the reef and helps protect them from becoming dinner to larger reef predators like Groupers or reef Sharks. Hobbyists will want to house their Redbarred Hawkfish with plenty of live rock in order to bring out their best coloration. Plenty of live rock will also give the Redbarred Hawk many places to perch and move about on. One of the more interesting features of Hawkfish in generally is watching them move about the reef in their half swimming and half crawling style, as they look for the best places on the reef to ambush prey. The Redbarred Hawkfish is a very hardy specimen for aquarium life, that will do well in a 30 gallon or larger aquarium. Despite its relative small size, it is a predatory species and will eat small fish and crustaceans, thus should not be kept with species like small Gobies, Firefishes, small Wrasses etc. In smaller aquariums the Redbarred Hawkfish can be very aggressive towards smaller fish species and fish with a very peaceful disposition. However, in a larger aquarium (90 gallons and up) the Redbarred Hawkfish can be kept very easily with a variety of semi-aggressive community fish species and larger invertebrates and crustaceans. It is important to provide plenty of live rock & rock work to allow plenty of rocky ledges for the Redbarred Hawkfish to perch on, and caves and crevices for it to retreat to when threatened or sleeping. Generally the Redbarred Hawkfish should not be kept with other Hawkfish species as they are very territorial, except for large aquariums with plenty of rock work capable of creating enough territory for multiple specimens. Redbarred Hawkfish are carnivores that in the wild will dwell near the bottom of the reef or on a rocky outcrop looking to prey on small invertebrates and zooplankton. In the aquarium environment they should be provided a diet consisting of a variety of marine based meaty foods including: frozen and flaked meaty preparations, mysis shrimp, brine shrimp or home made foods consisting of chopped mussels, prawns, clams or shrimp. They will also forage for small crustaceans and various species of pods that are generally present in well established aquariums containing plenty of live rock.
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Gary Wayne
Secretive Wrasse
1 like Wrasse
(Pseudocheilinus evanidus) Moderate Semi-aggressive 3" 24 gallons 72-79° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025 Carnivore Indo-Pacific, Hawaii, Indonesia Labridae Wrasse Reef Compatible Secretive Wrasse (Pseudocheilinus evanidus) are becoming more common within the aquarium trade due to their brilliant scarlet red coloration and ability to thrive in the aquarium environment. Like many Wrasse species, the Secretive Wrasse is sold under a variety of common names including Secretive Wrasse, Scarlet Pin Stripe Wrasse, Striated Wrasse and Evanidus Wrasse. Their natural Indo-Pacific habitat ranges from Indonesia to Hawaii, where they are found mostly in and around coral reefs. Secretive Wrasse are incredibly adept at maneuvering in and out of even the smallest caves and crevices in the rock work, where they hunt for a wide variety of small organisms ranging from copepods to small worms. In fact many hobbyists keep Secretive Wrasse just for their ability to rid the aquarium of a variety of common pests that can take over a reef aquarium if not kept in check. Secretive Wrasse are a good fit for a variety of aquarium setups ranging from FOWLR to reef tanks. They are also a very hardy species that will readily adapt to aquarium life and typical aquarium foods. The Secretive Wrasse is well suited for any community FOWLR or reef aquarium setup containing other peaceful to semi-aggressive reef fish species. They are also peaceful towards most all ornamental invertebrates including shrimp, snails and crabs. However, they will prey on many of the nuisance snails and smaller bristle worms. Overall the Secretive Wrasse is very comparable to the Six & Eight Line Wrasse in terms of aquarium personality and ability to rid the aquarium of common pest species. It is their propensity for eating bristle worms that has made them a sought after species for may aquarists who are trying to keep bristle worm populations in check. While generally a peaceful species, Secretive Wrasse will show aggression towards others of their own kind (unless a mated pair) and other similarly sized and shaped fish species. They are much more likely to show aggression towards others if the aquarium does not have enough live rock to provide them a suitable territory and hunting ground. It is best to keep this species with plenty of live rock and horizontal swimming room, so that they can patrol a suitable territory. Larger aquariums (125 gallons or more) with plenty of live rock will generally be able to support multiple smaller Wrasse species without issue. Secretive Wrasse also benefits from the presence of a refugium, as a strong population of copepods, amphipods and other micro faunae will provide them an excellent food source and curb aggression. Like most Wrasse, the Secretive Wrasse is quite capable of defending itself against larger more boisterous species as its speed and maneuverability make it a difficult species to pick on or bully. Secretive Wrasse are very active feeders that will generally spend the majority of the day cruising up and down the reef looking for food items on which to feed. In an aquarium with a sufficient population of micro faunae, the Secretive Wrasse will need only supplemental feedings of various meaty foods. Their overall diet should consist of a variety of meaty items including: vitamin enriched meaty frozen preparations, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp or flake or pellet foods formulated for carnivores. Hobbyists will find that the Secretive Wrasse will readily consume the same foodstuffs that most all Indo-Pacific reef fish species will accept.
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