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Singapore Flower Shrimp
2 likes Shrimp
(Atyopsis moluccensis) Easy 3" 20 Peaceful Omnivore 68-85° F, KH 3-10, pH 6.5-8.0 Red, Brown, Tan, Green, Yellow Asia Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp The Singapore Flower Shrimp or as it is also commonly know as the Asian Fan Shrimp or Bamboo Shrimp, originates from fast moving rivers and streams within Southeast Asia. They can vary greatly in coloration, ranging from a brown body with tan stripe all the way to red, green or yellow body colors with a tan to white stripe. They can change their coloration rapidly based on their surroundings and whether or not they feel stressed or scared. Their front six legs have fan-like appendages in which they use to filter the water for foodstuffs present within the water column. They add a very interesting element to any freshwater community aquarium, both with their diverse coloration and their unique feeding process. Their coloration, movement and feeding and their usefulness as aquarium cleaners has made the Singapore Flower Shrimp very popular among freshwater aquarium hobbyists over the past few years. Singapore Flower Shrimp should be housed in established freshwater aquariums of at least 20 gallons, that provide plenty of hiding places including plants and driftwood along with a mature substrate that will provide plenty of detritus and decaying plant matter for the shrimp to feed on. It should be housed with peaceful community fish that will not pose a threat of eating or damaging the shrimp. The Singapore Shrimp is easy to sex when it becomes mature as the males will have much larger and thicker forelegs than the females, also the females forelegs are about the same size as the second pair of legs. While this shrimp is easy to sex, it is extremely difficult to breed, as it requires brackish water for breeding and to raise the newly hatched larvae. The young exist in a drifting, planktonic state before changing into a miniature adult-like form after several molts. The Singapore Shrimp is an omnivore that primarily consumes detritus and plant matter suspended in the water column, but will also eat algae and leftover meaty foods that are either in the water column or resting on the aquarium substrate. They use fan-like appendages located near their head to filter small food particles from the water. Ideally this specimen should be kept in a well established planted aquarium, so that they will have plenty of decaying plant matter and algae available to them from the water column. Otherwise they can be fed sinking pellet foods that they can feed off of as they breakdown in the water near the substrate.
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Tracy Lee
White Specter Crayfish
2 likes Crayfish
(Procambarus Alleni) Easy 6" 30 Semi-aggressive Omnivore 66-86° F, KH 3-8, pH 6.5-8.0 White Australia Crayfish Parastacidae Crayfish The White Specter Crayfish is a variant of the Electric Blue Crayfish, which originates from the rivers and streams of Florida and the Florida Keys where it is found living amongst the dense vegetation of the river banks and bottom. The White Specter version of these crayfish are selectively bred from Electric Blue Crayfish, and so they can successfully interbreed with their blue cousins. These crayfish can live in almost any freshwater aquarium and are among the toughest freshwater invertebrates available within the hobby. They are very active and will actively explore the aquarium and not simply spend all of their time hiding under rocks. They are well known for keeping tanks clean and free of waste, and are especially useful in large aquariums of 30 gallons or more. Due to their maximum potential size, they should not be kept in aquariums any smaller than 30 gallons. These crayfish can live up to 5 or 6 years old with the proper care. Despite reaching an adult size of about 6 inches, they are actually quite peaceful towards both members of their own species and most fish species as well. They should be provided a freshwater aquarium of at least 30 gallons in size with plenty of rocks, and a substrate with a moderate grain size, sand or mixed sand and gravel substrate in which it can burrow in. White Specter Crayfish are not overly territorial towards their own kind, but they should be housed within aquariums of at least 30 gallons for a single adult specimen and will require larger aquariums for more than one specimen. While they are generally peaceful towards fish species and other invertebrates, they will eat fish that are very small and slow enough for the crayfish to catch. Providing the White Specter Crayfish plenty of easy meals consisting of meat based sinking pellets, blanched vegetables or algae wafers will help curb their aggression towards any fish living in the aquarium, as they will go for the easier meal. White Specter Crayfish also tolerate a wide range of aquarium conditions including pH, GH, temperature and water quality and should do well in any reasonable aquarium setup. As an omnivore, they will readily consume a wide variety of meaty and plant based foodstuffs. They will actively scavenge in the aquarium, eating any foodstuffs that they can find on the aquarium substrate including leftover meaty foods and decaying plant matter. Their diet should consist of meaty foods that they scavenge from the substrate along with naturally occurring algae growth, and should be supplemented with a quality sinking pellet, flake food and dried algae. Provide direct feeding twice per week to begin with and then adjust feeding frequency based on the overall growth rate of the crayfish.
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Sara Bruce
Asian Freshwater Clam
2 likes Clams
(Corbicula sp.) Easy 2" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 65-85° F, pH 6.5-8.0, KH 8-10 Brown, Tan, Black Burma, Thailand, Southern Asia Clams Corbiculidae Clams The Asian Freshwater Clam is found in temperate streams, rivers and lakes throughout Southeast Asia. As with other clams, this species is essentially a living filter that filters the water stream within the aquarium sifting small organic particles from the water column and releasing clean water back into the aquarium. Freshwater Clams help keep uneaten food, detritus and decaying plant matter out of the water column, which help maintain water quality and lower nitrate levels. If necessary the Asian Freshwater Clams diet can be supplemented with invertebrate foods or direct feedings via a pipette. It is important to remember that Freshwater Clams will not tolerate any copper-based medications and can be adversely affected by even small levels of copper present in the water. Ideally this species should be housed in an aquarium of at least 10 gallons with medium to very fine substrate, with sand or clay based substrates being ideal. The Freshwater Clam should not be housed with invertebrate-eating fish, such as freshwater puffers.
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Laura
Mystery Snail
2 likes Snails
(Pomacea bridgesii) Easy 6" 55 Peaceful Omnivore 65-82° F, pH 6.0-8.0, KH 3-8 white, tan, yellow, blue, black South America, Central America, Southeastern US Snails Ampullariidae Snails Mystery Snails are commonly found within the aquarium hobby, and due to their availability, bright coloration and ease of care have also become quite popular with many freshwater aquarium hobbyists. Mystery Snails have a very mixed following with one group of hobbyists loving them, while other hobbyists have come to despise them all together. While they are attractive and are incredible consumers of algae, they do come with some negative traits as well. Due to their healthy appetite they can grow very large and reach sizes upwards of 6 inches, which only compounds the negatives against them. While the pros and cons of this species are very real, the key to keeping the Mystery Snail is keeping them in a suitable environment where their positives can be enjoyed and their negatives minimized. Mystery Snails come in a variety of colors and shell patterns including brown, tan, white or yellow and even blue, purple, pink, and jade, with or without banding on their shells. They exhibit different coloration between their bodies and shells with distinct contrasts like purple bodies and yellow and white shells being quite common. Mystery snails are sold within the aquarium hobby under a variety of names including the golden Mystery snail, ivory snail, blue mystery snail, golden Mystery Snail and most likely others as well. Mystery Snails do best in aquarium environments that take into account their strong appetites for algae and other vegetable matter along with their large size. They have an appetite for more than just algae as they will readily consume vegetable matter, invertebrate pellets and some live plants as well if sufficient algae or other more desirable foodstuffs are not available. They will also out compete many other invertebrate species for food, as they use their size to push other invertebrates like shrimp away from food that falls to the substrate. Mystery Snails have very healthy appetites and will quickly turn to other foodstuffs if algae is not available. It is for this reason that they are not recommended for many planted aquariums as they can put a lot of pressure on delicate or slow growing plant species. While Mystery Snails prefer algae, they will readily consume vegetables, plants, fish foods, brine shrimp, insects and even dead fish or other decaying matter that they come across while scavenging the aquarium bottom. If you keep this species with live plants be sure to provide them algae wafers, vegetable based sinking pellets or pieces of vegetable so that they will not turn on the plants living in the aquarium. In the home aquarium, Mystery Snails are more active at night, while during the day they will usually stay in more shaded or darker area of the aquarium. When it is night time, the Mystery snail becomes active and engages in behaviors relating to feeding, as well as mating and laying eggs. They are very easy to breed and if reasonable aquarium conditions of warm water temperatures and clean water are met, they will most likely breed to the point where excess specimens will need to be removed from the aquarium.
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Laura
Blue Tiger Shrimp
2 likes Shrimp
(Caridina cf. cantonensis) Easy 2" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 68-78° F, KH 2-10, pH 6.0-7.3 Blue, White, Transparent Southeast Asia Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp Blue Tiger Shrimp are a color variant of the Southeast Asian Tiger Shrimp, where they have been selectively bred over the years to accentuate the blue color morph found in some naturally occurring Tiger Shrimp. Blue Tiger Shrimp are a tropical shrimp species found commonly within lakes and slow moving rivers and streams. They have become very popular within the aquarium hobby over the years due to their relative ease of care and beautiful coloration and behaviors. Blue Tiger Shrimp can successfully be kept with other dwarf shrimp or in peaceful community aquariums that have a mature filtration system and stable water parameters. Blue Tiger Shrimp are considered a very hardy species of tropical dwarf shrimp that can be at home in a dwarf shrimp species only aquarium or a peaceful community aquarium. They do best in aquariums that have a mature biological filtration system, stable water parameters and water that is slightly acidic. When kept in water that is alkaline, the Blue Tiger Shrimp is more prone to have a shorter life span and is unlikely to breed. When kept within an aquarium with softer and slightly acidic water, the Blue Tiger Shrimp has been known to be a prolific breeder with a lifespan of close to 2 years. They do best in aquariums with plants, rocks and driftwood on which they can graze for naturally growing algae and to seek shelter when they feel threatened. As with most all invertebrates, Blue Tiger Shrimp are very sensitive to copper, thus copper based medicines should not be used in aquariums housing Blue Tiger Shrimp. Blue Tiger Shrimp spend much of their time in the wild grazing on algae and decaying vegetation that settles on the lake bottom. Their diet when housed in an aquarium environment should also contain a large amount of algae and vegetable matter in it with a smaller portion of their diet coming from meaty foods. If there isn't enough algae present within the aquarium to sustain the shrimp colony, they can be fed blanched vegetables, sinking algae wafers or pellets and other sinking commercial foods intended for bottom dwelling fish and invertebrates. The Blue Tiger Shrimp is considered easy to breed as they do not have any special breeding requirements and have a long history of successful breeding within the aquarium environment. The main requirement to breed Blue Tiger Shrimp is to provide them an aquarium with stable water parameters that are very close to the following: Ph 6 - 7.25, Temperature 68 - 75 and Hardness 2 - 10 dkh. Lastly, the breeding aquarium must have a least one male and one female and given the correct water parameters they should have no trouble breeding. Females can be differentiated from male Blue Tiger Shrimps as they will have a longer and wider tail section and be slightly larger overall.
Cardinal Shrimp
2 likes Shrimp
(Caridina sp.) Moderate 1" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 74-85° F, KH 3-10, pH 7.4-8.4 Red Sulawesi Indonesia Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp Cardinal Shrimp are a smaller tropical species of dwarf shrimp that originate from the lakes of the Sulawesi region of Indonesia. While a little smaller than many of their contemporaries, they are a long lived species that tend to live on average about 6 months to 1 year longer than the average dwarf shrimp. Their bright red coloration made them an instant hit in the aquarium hobby, and their relative ease of care and active lifestyle have helped to retain their very high popularity. While somewhat shy at first, an established group of Cardinal Shrimp will become quite active and exhibit a variety of interesting social behaviors that are very enjoyable to watch. Housing for the Cardinal Shrimp should consist of a well cycled mature aquarium with stable water parameters and high quality filtration. Cardinal Shrimp are less tolerant of water fluctuations and poor water conditions than some species. However, once they are acclimated to their environment they are not difficult to care for. They are a tropical species that prefer warmer water temperatures than most dwarf shrimp species, with an ideal temperature or around 78° being preferred. Along with the elevated temperatures, Cardinal Shrimp also prefer a slightly higher Ph of around 7.8 to 8.0. They should be kept in an aquarium with plenty of moss or algae covered rocks or driftwood and will also benefit from the presence of plants or grasses on which to graze and seek shelter when they feel threatened. Cardinal Shrimp spend most of their time grazing for algae or decaying plant matter, thus a large portion of their diet should be algae and plant based. If they are kept in an aquarium with insufficient algae growth, they can be fed algae wafers or sinking vegetarian pellets. However, they are true omnivores and will readily consume crushed flake foods, blood worms, tubifex worms, crushed pellet foods and blanched vegetables such as spinach. Breeding Cardinal Shrimp is a relatively easy and straight forward process, provided that they are housed in a proper environment. When kept in an aquarium with the proper water parameters, the Cardinal Shrimp simply needs a steady food source and the presence of both male and female shrimps and it is a good bet that they will breed. While easier to breed than most dwarf shrimp species, the Cardinal Shrimp does have fewer babies per spawn.
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Tracy Lee
Yellow Shrimp
1 like Shrimp
(Neocaridina heteropoda var. Yellow) Easy 2" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 65-85° F, dkh 3-15, pH 6.5-8.0 Yellow Selectively bred in Japan Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp The Yellow Shrimp has become a hobbyist favorite as it is one of the few freshwater invertebrates species to display a bright yellow coloration. Yellow Shrimp are a selectively bred variant of the wild Red Cherry Shrimp, that has been cultivated to bring out the yellow color morph. They have become so popular within the hobby that there production has become very widespread, with breeders all over the world now producing them in large numbers. Overall the Yellow Shrimp is an excellent aquarium species that brings vibrant color, is easy to keep and breed and is easily attainable within the aquarium hobby trade. Yellow Shrimp are a very hardy species that can easily thrive and breed within the aquarium environment when given stable water parameters and a steady food source. They should be kept with peaceful freshwater fish species in either a planted aquarium or a community aquarium with plenty of plants, rocks or driftwood to provide them with cover when threatened and a place to forage for algae. Like most freshwater invertebrate species, the Yellow Shrimp needs clean water with good filtration in order to thrive within an aquarium environment. It is also important to not expose this or other invertebrate species to copper based medications as this can kill them. Yellow Shrimp should not be housed with aggressive fish species or with community species such as Loaches and Puffers as they eat small shrimps in the wild. Yellow Shrimp feed primarily on freshwater algae, and are coveted for this as they make excellent tank cleaners. However, they will also consume detritus and uneaten foodstuffs that they come across in the aquarium substrate. If no algae is present within the aquarium, it is recommended to supplement their diet with algae tablets as algae makes up a very large portion of their diet in the wild and will help them maintain a healthy immune system. Yellow Shrimp will also readily consume sinking pellet foods intended for bottom feeding fish and invertebrates; as well as, cleaned and blanched (lightly boiled) vegetables. Yellow Shrimp are very prolific breeders that will readily breed within the home aquarium environment. At approximately 2 to 3 months of age, Yellow Shrimp will become sexually mature, and the females will begin to carry a clutch of yellowish eggs under their tail. If there are males present within the aquarium, the female will become impregnated and the clutch of eggs will hatch in about 1 month. The eggs will be carried by the female until they hatch into miniature replicas of their parents, as the Yellow Shrimp does not go through an intermediate plankton stage. At birth, the baby Yellow Shrimp are very small and are easily eaten by fish or sucked up into filters. Therefore, they should be provided their own breeding tank with a sponge covered filter intake and no fish present that could eat the young. The babies should be fed a diet consisting of algae, algae tablets, baby brine shrimp or crushed flake foods. It is important to maintain the water quality of the breeding tank to high levels and make sure that ammonia and nitrite levels remain very low.
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Bee Shrimp
1 like Shrimp
(Caridina cf. cantonensis) Moderate 2" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 65-74° F, KH 1-5, pH 5.8-6.8 Black, White Southeast Asia Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp The Bee Shrimp is a dwarf shrimp species from Southeast Asia that has become very popular within the aquarium hobby both for it's natural appearance and for the selectively bred variants like the Crystal Red Shrimp. Bee Shrimp have been selectively bred in Japan for some time, during which they were bred for deeper darker black bands and a more intense white coloration. Over the years there have been variants of the species that include almost all white or all black specimens along with the very popular red variant the Crystal Red Shrimp. Overall the wild Bee Shrimp is more hardy than the selective bred specimens and boasts a nice contrasting white and black coloration of its own. Their peaceful nature, interesting aquarium behavior and attractive coloration have made them a very popular species of freshwater aquarium shrimp that are right at home in a variety of freshwater tropical aquariums. While Bee Shrimp are less demanding then their selectively bred offspring, they are still a bit more demanding than the average dwarf shrimp species in regards to their water chemistry. Bee Shrimp require a mature aquarium that has stable water conditions including soft, slightly acidic water. While they can be kept in tropical freshwater community aquariums, the Bee Shrimp does best in water conditions that are a little cooler than the average tropical aquarium. The aquarium should contain a sand or fine gravel substrate along with a good amount of plants, rocks and driftwood in order to provide a proper habitat. Bee Shrimp will appreciate having caves and crevices to retreat to when they feel threatened of to retreat from the often bright aquarium lights. Tank mates should include other peaceful varieties of freshwater invertebrates and smaller peaceful tropical community fish species. Hobbyists who intend to breed the Bee Shrimp, should keep a small colony of them in a species only aquarium that maintains stable water conditions with no potential fish or invertebrate predators. Lastly, Bee Shrimp (like all dwarf freshwater shrimp species) should not be exposed to copper or copper based medicines as copper is toxic to them and any elevated levels of copper within the aquarium can kill them. While Bee Shrimp are true omnivores, their diet in the wild is primarily comprised of algae and decaying plant matter that they scavenge from the substrate. They should ideally be housed in an aquarium with naturally occurring algae and live plants on which to graze. They will also readily consume a wide variety of commercial foods that are designed for scavenging or bottom feeding species. Suitable commercial foods include algae wafers, sinking pellets and flaked foods that sink to the aquarium substrate. They will also consume blanched vegetables and various left over foods fed to fish species that make their way to the aquarium substrate. Hobbyists who wish to breed Bee Shrimp should keep a small mixed group of males and females separate from other invertebrate or fish species within an established aquarium. It is very important to keep the water parameters to as close as possible to ideal conditions for the species. The ideal water conditions for breeding Bee Shrimp are a temperature of 65°, Ph of 6.4 and a water hardness dkh of 4. The aquarium should also contain some rocks, plants or driftwood in order to provide the shrimp with a sense of security and to simulate natural conditions. Once the breeding aquarium meets the necessary water parameters a group of male and female shrimp will typically have no problems successfully breeding. It can be slightly difficult to determine the sex of the Bee Shrimp; however, the males are generally smaller in size as adults and have tail sections that are shorter and thinner than the females of the species.
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Snow Ball Shrimp
1 like Shrimp
(Neocaridina cf. zhangjiajiensis var. white) Easy 2" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 68-80° F, KH 3-10, pH 6.5-7.5 White, Transparent Selectively bred in Germany Shrimp Atyidae Shrimp The Snow Ball Shrimp is a pure white selectively bred species of the wild Neocaridina cf. zhangjiajiensis of Southeast Asia. Ulf Gottschalk of Germany was able over a period of years to selectively breed two very attractive variants of the Neocaridina cf. zhangjiajiensis, resulting in the blue ice colored Blue Pearl Shrimp and the pure white Snow Ball Shrimp. Thanks to the tedious breeding efforts of Ulf Gottschalk the hobbyist now has access to a brilliantly colored pure white shrimp species that stands out from other dwarf shrimps species via it's pure white coloration. Without a doubt, the Snow Ball Shrimp brings a unique appearance to the peaceful tropical community aquarium or shrimp nano aquarium that is truly special. Snow Ball Shrimp should be kept with peaceful freshwater fish species in either a planted aquarium or a community aquarium with plenty of plants, rocks or driftwood to provide them with cover when threatened and a place to forage for algae. Like most freshwater invertebrate species, the Snow Ball Shrimp needs clean water with stable water parameters and very good filtration in order to thrive within an aquarium environment. They do very well in community shrimp tanks or tropical community fish tanks with peaceful fish species. It is also important to not expose this or other invertebrate species to copper based medications as this can kill them. Snow Ball Shrimp should not be housed with aggressive fish species or with community species such as Loaches and Puffers as they eat small shrimps in the wild. Snow Ball Shrimp feed primarily on freshwater algae, and are coveted for this as they make excellent tank cleaners. However, they will also consume detritus and uneaten foodstuffs that they come across in the aquarium substrate. If no algae is present within the aquarium, it is recommended to supplement the Snow Ball Shrimps diet with algae tablets as algae makes up a very large portion of their diet in the wild and will help them maintain a healthy immune system. They can also be fed blanched vegetables, sinking pellets and other sinking commercial foods intended for bottom dwelling fish and invertebrates. Snow Ball Shrimp are one of the easier freshwater shrimp species to breed within the home aquarium environment. At approximately 2 to 3 months of age, Snow Ball Shrimp will become sexually mature, and the females will begin to carry a clutch of yellowish eggs under their tail. If there are males present within the aquarium, the female will become impregnated and the clutch of eggs will hatch in about 1 month. The eggs will be carried by the female until they hatch into miniature replicas of their parents, as the Snow Ball Shrimp does not go through an intermediate plankton stage. At birth, the baby Snow Ball Shrimp are very small and are easily eaten by fish or sucked up into filters. Therefore, they should be provided their own breeding tank with a sponge covered filter intake and no fish present that could eat the young. The babies should be fed a diet consisting of algae, algae tablets, baby brine shrimp or crushed flake foods. It is important to maintain the water quality of the breeding tank to high levels and make sure that ammonia and nitrite levels remain very low. It is important to note that as a selectively bred species, the Snow Ball Shrimp has been engineered to produce the its blue coloration. What this means is that when they breed, they will produce offspring with the same pure white coloration as this is what they have been designed to do. Crossing them with another species of Neocaridina will not result in an attractive color morph, but will instead create very unattractive offspring that essentially defeats the purpose of even keeping a selectively bred species.
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Olive Nerite Snail
1 like Snails
(Nerita sp.) Easy 1" 10 Peaceful Omnivore 65-85° F, KH 5-12, pH 6.5-8.0 Green, Black Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico Snails Mytiloidae Snails The Olive Nerite Snail is an efficient scavenger that makes an ideal addition for freshwater community aquariums. They have an attractive shell of marble-sized olive to brownish-green coloration, which is often colonized by tiny barnacles, adding to its interesting appearance. They are a popular choice for keeping uneaten food and algae in check, while at the same time it will not unexpectedly overpopulate your aquarium since the Olive Nerite Snail cannot be bred in freshwater. In order to reproduce, the Olive Nerite Snail requires brackish water as it has a marine larval stage, with adult snails living for about 1 year under proper conditions. The Olive Nerite Snail originates from the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean and can be found in the lower regions of rivers where they meet coastal marine waters. Like most freshwater invertebrates available within the aquarium hobby, Olive Nerite Snails should not be kept with aggressive fish species like N.W. Cichlids or African Cichlids as they will quickly become a meal for them. Olive Nerite snails are highly regarded in the aquarium environment due to the fact that they feed only on the various brown and green algae that are commonly found in established freshwater aquarium substrate, rocks, plants and glass. At the same time Nerite Snails will not touch living plants or desirable mosses. If algae populations decline, its appetite can be easily satisfied with algae wafers, Spirulina discs or fresh vegetable pieces. They are as resilient to a wide variety of environmental conditions as they are used to frequent habitat changes, doing well at temperatures ranging from the 50’s to the upper 80’s (F) and in waters of 6.3-8.4 in pH. The Olive Nerite Snail is a substrate and plant scavenger that will consume debris, uneaten food, and algae in the pond or aquarium. If insufficient food is present, supplement with a quality vegetable based wafer or pellet food. They will also readily accept fresh vegetables (squash or lettuce), but if fresh vegetables are used it is important to remove the uneaten vegetable after a few days so that it does not rot.
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